Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Cause of Civil War

No description

Ellen Hodge

on 31 May 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Cause of Civil War


Causes of the Civil War (ch. 15)

Missouri Compromise of 1820
At this time 11 free & 11 slave states
To reach an agreement between Northern & Southern states
To maintain a balance in Congress between slave & free states
Admitted Missouri as slave state & Maine as a free state
Stated joined union 2 at a time (1 free/1 slave)
Regional Differences Developing 1800's
North: Industry; Factories

West: farming - crops to feed factory workers

Canals; Railroads running East-->West

Immigrants & Easterners moved West

Encouraged strong ties between North/Midwest
Compromise of 1850
Wilmot Proviso
(1846) tries to stop slavery expansion in new territories; never voted into law

Southern P.O.V.: slaves viewed as property-unconstitutional to not bring their property anywhere in the country

Results: shows slavery issue can no longer be ignored; becomes a key political issue; leads to the "Free-Soil Party"
Kansas-Nebraska Act ~ 1854
Settling of the Nebraska Territory -
divide into 2 territories (KS & NE)

Slave state or free state?
Let the people decide (popular sovereignty)
"Bleeding Kansas" ~ 1855
by 1855 more pro-slavery settlers
5,000 Missourians came illegally to vote
anti-slavery settlers boycotted & formed own gov't
Outlawed slavery in the Louisiana Territory above the 36 30 latitude line
South: Plantations
Wealthy few controlled society
Profit/economy dependent on slave labor
Relied on export of goods - foreign countries
Very little industry in South
This act kept the union (United States) together
for another 30 years
Senator Stephen Douglas

Results: Bill passed
Missouri Compromise repealed

Southerners Northerners
Effects: In Lawrence, KS -Armed pro-slavery settlers led an attack on governor of antislavery
(A.K.A. Sack of Lawrence)
John Brown
abolitionist- to avenge "Sack of Lawrence"- led revolt ; (first revolt)
Led to a 3 year civil war in Kansas
land from Mexican Cession ~ free or slave states? (Congress approval needed for statehood)
Henry Clay
Stephen Douglas
California's statehood issue-to upset the balance between free & slave states in Congress
California free state
Slavery abolished in Washington, D.C.
Congress would stop passing laws on slavery
Popular Sovereignty -voting by the people for remaining territories
Fugitive Slave Law to be passed
This plan was approved for the "sake of preserving the union"
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
purpose: to recapture runaway slaves
fugitives held w/o arrest warrant
no trial by jury; ruled by federal commissioner
(earned $5 for release; $10 for returning to slaveholder)
Northerners required to help; faced being fined
Slave catchers in North-issue could no longer be ignored
abolitionists - opposed to slavery
Harriet Tubman
Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe

Frederick Douglass
freed slave/speaker
Sojourner Truth
freed slave/speaker
William Lloyd Garrison
Settlers from both sides of issue
flock to Kansas Territory-
Violence in the Senate!!
Congress - 1856
Sen. Charles Sumner (MA) delivered speech against slavery/SC senator (Sen. Butler);Sen. Brooke (relative of Butler) defended him by attacking him with a cane-hit him 30 times!
Results: Court ruled against Scott
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney declared:
Scott not a U.S. citizen - couldn't sue
Scott lives in Missouri - a slave state; time in free territory didn't matter
Slavery couldn't be banned in territories-unconstitutional-against 5th amendment-property rights
Dred Scott Supreme Court case (1856-1857)
Dred Scott-Missouri slave
Owner took him to live in territory where slavery was illegal; returned to Missouri
Owner died; sued for freedom
Further Conflicts 1856-1859
Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1859)
John Brown - Northerner
Planned to capture weapons in U.S. arsenal
Planned to inspire slave revolt
Believed he was righting a wrong against slavery
No slaves joined fight
Marines attacked Brown
Brown & others captured/killed
Brown tried for murder/treason; then hanged
Later seen as hero/matyr by Northerners
Southerners enraged
What has changed?
Underground Railroad
escape to freedom in Canada
NOT an actual train route below ground
aided by abolitionist supporters
hidden in homes; traveling at night
messages passed through songs; symbols
Full transcript