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Mars

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Matt Woolley

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of Mars


Hydrosphere

Intro facts
Biosphere
Core-Mars's core is made up of sulfur, nickel, and iron. The radius of Mars's core measures between 900 and 1200 miles.
Crust- The crust of Mars is made of molten rock called basalt. Basalt can be found on the Earth as well as the moon and is 30 miles thick.
Mantle- The Mantle is peridotite, a rock that is made up of silicon, oxygen, iron, and magnesium. Olivine is the most abundant mineral in peridotite.
Landforms-Mars is rocky, full of sand dunes, and has vast mountain ranges. There were also signs of water from canyons seen by rovers.
Rocks-There are no traces of sedimentary or metamorphic rocks. Igneous rocks are common because of the basaltic background on Mars.
Minerals- besides silicon and oxygen, are iron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium, and potassium. These elements are major components of the minerals comprising igneousrocks. The elements titanium, chromium, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, sodium, and chlorine are less abundant but are still important components of many accessory minerals.
Soil-Martian soil is the fine regolith(the layer of unconsolidated rocky material covering bedrock) found on the surface of Mars. Its properties can differ significantly from those of terrestrial soil. The term Martian soil typically refers to the finer fraction of regolith. On Earth, the term "soil" usually includes organic content. In contrast, planetary scientists adopt a functional definition of soil to distinguish it from rocks.
Rings/Moons- Mars has no rings but Mars has two small moons: Phobos and Deimos. Phobos (fear) and Deimos (panic) were named after the horses that pulled the chariot of the Greek war god Ares, the counterpart to the Roman war god Mars. Both Phobos and Deimos were discovered in 1877 by American astronomer Asaph Hall. The moons appear to have surface materials similar to many asteroids in the outer asteroid belt, which leads most scientists to believe that Phobos and Deimos are captured asteroids.
There is no life on mars, that we know of!

Could anything have been alive in the past?
yes, there is little oxygen, unless the creature could convert c02 into 02, Nasa thinks there might be, after its Curiosity Rover discovered spikes of methane, a gas usually produced by living organisms.
Can anything be alive now?
Yes, Curiosity found methane that organisms produce. So it is possible that something could be alive.
Can anything live on mars in the future?
Yes, if humans terraform mars or change the co2 air to o2
there may not be any consumable minerals or soil.
Fossils?
Nope, sadly fossils cannot form on mars’s dry basalt grounds
Temperature?
In winter, near the poles temperatures can get down to minus 195 degrees F (minus 125 degrees C). A summer day on Mars may get up to 70 degrees F (20 degrees C) near the equator, but at night the temperature can plummet to about minus 100 degrees F (minus 73 C).
Water?
on the poles, there are two ice caps, which if melted, could flood the whole planet up to 10 meters deep. Also there is barely water in the soil according to Curiosity and there is some water deep in the ground.
MARS IS MISSING OXYGEN AND SUITABLE SOIL.
Mars
Earth
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Moon
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pluto
Made By:
Logan Ringgold
Matt Wooley
Jordan Thurston
Cristian Nativo



On Mars there are massive layered Co2 deposits of water ice (enough water to flood the planet 10 meters deep)
In 2011 a radar system revealed that this dry ice deposits a kilometer deep and may be enough to double the present Martian atmosphere.
Astronomers have analyzed a mass data obtained by observing water vapor in Mar’s atmosphere with a infrared spectrometer over a period of five Martian Years (about 10 Earth years as a year on Mars is equal to 1.88 Earth years)

Some moisture entered the ground and formed aquifers. The water went into the ground, seeped down until it reached a layer that would not allow it to penetrate and then water piled up forming a layer that was saturated with water

Massive erosion shaped the surface of mars. In Mars’ early history, western Arabia Terra, an area the size if the European continent, experienced an extensive erosion event caused by flowing water. There are many things that cause erosion; there are only two main weathering agents on Mars: wind and acid fog. Acid for is very important, but because there is not a lot water, the action of sand and wind is the most important thing to cause changes to Mars’ surface

Mars has chemicals in the soil that are poisionous to humans must of the water has been polluted.
Geosphere
Core-Mars's core is made up of sulfur, nickel, and iron. The radius of Mars's core measures between 900 and 1200 miles.
Crust- The crust of Mars is made of molten rock called basalt. Basalt can be found on the Earth as well as the moon and is 30 miles thick.
Mantle- The Mantle is peridotite, a rock that is made up of silicon, oxygen, iron, and magnesium. Olivine is the most abundant mineral in peridotite.
Landforms-Mars is rocky, full of sand dunes, and has vast mountain ranges. There were also signs of water from canyons seen by rovers.
Rocks-There are no traces of sedimentary or metamorphic rocks. Igneous rocks are common because of the basaltic background on Mars.
Minerals- besides silicon and oxygen, are iron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium, and potassium. These elements are major components of the minerals comprising igneousrocks. The elements titanium, chromium, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, sodium, and chlorine are less abundant but are still important components of many accessory minerals.
Soil-Martian soil is the fine regolith(the layer of unconsolidated rocky material covering bedrock) found on the surface of Mars. Its properties can differ significantly from those of terrestrial soil. The term Martian soil typically refers to the finer fraction of regolith. On Earth, the term "soil" usually includes organic content. In contrast, planetary scientists adopt a functional definition of soil to distinguish it from rocks.
Rings/Moons- Mars has no rings but Mars has two small moons: Phobos and Deimos. Phobos (fear) and Deimos (panic) were named after the horses that pulled the chariot of the Greek war god Ares, the counterpart to the Roman war god Mars. Both Phobos and Deimos were discovered in 1877 by American astronomer Asaph Hall. The moons appear to have surface materials similar to many asteroids in the outer asteroid belt, which leads most scientists to believe that Phobos and Deimos are captured asteroids.

Atmoshpere
Mars the fourth planet away from the sun, but is the second smallest in our solar system.
To make a entire orbit on mars it would take about 687 Earth days.
One day on mars is about 24.6 hours.
Mars is slightly more tilted on it's axis at a 25 degree angle.
Because Mars is able to be seen in the night sky we don't know the first to discover the Red Planet. But most astronmers say Nicolaus Copernicus was the first to record it.
There has never been a human on Mars, space rovers have been sent there to record scientific data about the planet.
The biggest reason for the rovers is to learn about water on the planet and the possibility of humans to live there.
NASA has annoued a future rover mission in 2020.
Mars has two moons Phobos and Deimos.

Deimos
Phobos
Mars has a very diffrent atmosphere from here on Earth. The martian atmoshpere is made up of 96% carbon dioxide, 2.7% Nitrogen, and a mixture of other gases.
The temperatures in Winter, by the poles, can get to minus 195 degress F. In the Summer tempuratures may get up to 70 degress F.
The climate of Mars is said to be warm and humid.
Even though it's atmoshere mostly diffrent Mars does have layers like Earth. The layers are:
The lower or Troposhere is a warm region similar to Earth's.
The middle or Mesosphere a colder region that is the place were Mars jetstream flows.
The upper or exosphere with very high temperatures, caused by heating from the sun.
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