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RTC The Internet

Yasmin Dar,COM 644: RTC


on 10 December 2009

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Transcript of RTC The Internet

The Internet &
The Right to
Communicate Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression: this right includes freedom to hold opinons without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. Article 28 what are our human rights? Eleanor Roosevelt By
William J McIver, Jr
William F. Birdsall
Merrilee Rasmussen
(2003) ...W rldWideWeb News & Information Entertainment networking Hot singles*? the history of human rights
1957, Soviet Union launched its Sputnik satellite
1961, General Assembly passes resolution which stated that Communication by satelliete should be available to all
1964, International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) was born
1968, Jean d'Arcy called for a new universal human right, a right to communicate (RTC)s
Post WWII Jean d'Arcy pioneer for the right to communicate (RTC)
(1969)‘Direct Satellite Broadcasting and the Right to Communicate’
inspired others to formulate a definition of the RTC
who is this dude? mass media mentality (THEN) unilateral vertical flow non-diversified mass media (NOW) horizontal multi-channeled interactive RTC definition d'Arcy's definition *d’Arcy launched this concept, however, he did NOT specify in DETAIL what he meant by the Right to Communicate* UNESCO 1974, UNESCO proposed initiatives to formulate a definition
Ideological differences arrose between countires & efforts to define a right failed
d'Arcy died in 1983
Attempts to agree on a term was difficult, however the definition of the RTC would embody a conception of:

multi-way communication at minimum... “the right to inform and be informed, the right to active participation in the communication process, the right of equitable access to information resources and information and the right of cultural and individual privacy from communication.” (Richstad and Anderson, 1981) ok so we all got together and put in our two cents.... ...made an effort to define the right to communicate... ...but what do we have to show for it? The Right to Communicate ? why are we stuck? Policy and Politics Need for widespread political support Yasmin Dar
COM 644
Dr. J. Winter
10 Sept 2009 *again, you can't have a policy without a clear definition advance the cause for the Right to Communicate Necessities formulate a concise definition
develop an inclusive right to comminicate political movements, at the national level
aim at the entrenchment of a RTC through a soft law communicative legislative strategy
lift off! d'Arcy stated that Article 19 is not sufficient enough to support the RTC
it needs to cover emerging technologies & interactive transmissions Communication is a basic human need beacuse it is a fundamental social process necessary for expression and all social organizations Verdict to achieve a right to communicate there must be inclusive, grassroots nation movements
the internet is part of the evolving universalization of communication technology
it has reached a stage demanding a dramatic change in the conceptualization of communication human rights the problems: the right to communicate?
what's that? shh don't tell him ! -- -- ! Create a clear & concise definition Q's? thank you individual countries should be able to adopt the right according to their cultural, political and communicative needs
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