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Environmental Impact

Textiles GCSE
by

Phoebe Nicoll

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of Environmental Impact

By Phoebe Nicoll 10W Environmental Impact caused by Textiles Industry The pesticides that farmers use to protect textiles as they grow can harm wildlife, contaminate other products and get into the food we eat. Raw Materials The chemicals used in dying the fabric are incredibly toxic, and if not filtered properly after use by the factories, can get into streams and rivers, and could potentially damage any wildlife and cut off a water source for the local people Manufacturing Retail We, the people that buy any form of interior fashion are the user, and the majority demand a constant supply of cheap disposable fashion, so that we can change what we wear on a regular basis to suit different fashion trends. This causes companies to have to look for cheaper ways for mass production, in order to supply their target market, us, as well as making an affordable profit margin. User Cotton is one of the pesticide intensive crops ever, it needs certain fertilizers and pesticides from the moment it is grown, that is harmful and depletes the soil and uses space and ridiculous amounts of water that the local people need to grow their own crop and survive. Growing enough cotton for one t-shirt requires 257 gallons of water. The cotton industry is largely reliant on a cheap labour force,a lot of them being children to pick the cotton once it has grown Also the working conditions for people who work in the factories designated for textile manufacturing in some place such as Pakistan can be very poor, employing incredibly cheaply payed workers, with very little safety precautions resulting in casualties and disasters,such as the very recent incident, where a whole factory burnt down. "264 people, including a 10-year-old boy, lost their lives in a horrific fire at a garment factory in Karachi, Pakistan on Tuesday, and now the Pakistani government is charging the factory owners with murder." Retailers demand cheap material in bulk, and usually look in foreign countries for these supplies, as governmental restrictions to minimum wage and working circumstances are much less, or practically non existent, meaning that factories can produce cheaper material in order to allow popular high street brands such as Primark to produce popular cheap disposable fashion. However some Retailers do produce their products in Britain, and although it is more expensive to buy as a user and to produce for the company, as well as being much better for the environment, not only does it prevent all the travel needed when importing from abroad, but also because of health and environmental restrictions being much stricter, more companies have to properly dispose and recycle as much as possible, giving a definite postitive impact compared to in foreign countries where waste is dumped and not properly disposed of. As well as creating new jobs for people in the UK to react positively in our economy. However, you don't have to not keep to popular trends to be eco-friendly, just by changing the way you wear something could make a completely different outfit, or adjusting it to suit a new trend, and that way, you have your own unique garment, without having to spend any more money. Or even just remembering to put any unwanted garments into recycling banks, or to charity, so that someone else can reuse what you no longer want Marks and Spencer 'shwopping revolution' "a new way to shop with M&S that will revolutionise clothes shopping and help us live more sustainable lives. Here at M&S, we believe clothes should have a future: they should be put to good use, not just thrown out. So, we’re asking you to shwop – which means giving an unwanted piece of clothing every time you buy a new one." Through Oxfam, the clothes will be resold, reused or recycled, and the money raised will go to help people living in poverty. Not a single item will go to landfill and the ultimate aim for M&S is to recycle as many clothes as it sells – that’s around 350 million a year. The main idea of the project, being to completely change the ethics of shopping and to publicize the idea of recyling, and bring the idea to the highstreet so that it is accessable to the public, as being something they may have not considered before Some people are pesimistic about the scheme, as they think thats as a retailer they should be the ones to actually source and sell 'for Britain by Britain' products, and to sigificantly reduce packaging on their products. Junk Styling Annika Sanders and Kerry Seager founded Junky Styling in 1997, inspired by the idea of recycling in places likeSan Francisco and Tokyo and the resourceful ethics of the people of Vietnam and Thailand. The company originally began in an exposed studio on a shop floor. ‘Wardrobe Surgery’ service The idea of Junk Styling is to take clothes from charity shops and recycling banks to give them a new life in a different way, by recycling garments and turning them into a completely new garment, such as shirts, skirts, jumpers, t-shirts, dresses and many others. The idea of the look to be completely unique, with no two things looking the same, with different fabric and no set patterns, it gives the designers complete freedom to develop anything, with the material they are given. follow me on Twitter, I'm halarious @phoebotron
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