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Epic, Epic Hero, and the Odyssey

This is an introduction prezi that I use for The Odyssey. I print off a fill in the blank form for them to fill in.
by

Janette Stevenson

on 5 November 2015

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Transcript of Epic, Epic Hero, and the Odyssey

I need a
HERO
!

What makes a HERO?
We are all pretty familiar with this guy...
Reeve defined a hero as this:

"A hero is an ordinary individual who finds the strength to persevere and endure in spite of overwhelming obstacles."
So now we know how we define a hero, now we are going to talk about
Epic
Heroes...
First...what's an EPIC?

The "I Need a Hero" video touched on epic...
What experiences and obstacle are unique to those of a hero?
The Greeks believed that all epic heroes go on the same "journey."

Epic journeys tend to have a pattern (We will talk about this later).
Connect!
Think about the epic hero and their journey. What modern books, stories, movies, songs, and TV shows have character and/or plots that fit the definition?
What characteristics do these people have in common? Add these characteristics outside your circle map.
Christopher Reeve as Superman
* a
long, narrative poem
that tells of the adventures of a heroes who in some way embody the
values of their civilization

*
physically impressive
hero of
national or historic
importance
* A
vast setting
encompassing much of physical world and sometimes the Land of the Dead
* a quest or journey undertaken in search of something of
value
* the involvement of
supernatural
*
glorification
of hero in the end
* based on a
specific culture

Make circle map in your inote of individuals that you consider to be a hero. These can be people you know/don't know personally, professionals, or fictional characters.
The greatest of all epics and one of the first...
Homer's
The Odyssey
* A
vast setting
encompassing much of physical world and sometimes the Land of the Dead
* a quest or journey undertaken in search of something of
value
* the involvement of
supernatural
*
glorification
of hero in the end
You already know a few...
Epic Poetry Characteristics:
*often in rhyming couplets (aa, bb, cc)
*alliteration
*digressions into other stories and myths
*
Epithets
- descriptive words or phrases to accompany or replace a person's name.
"
Brave
Odysseus" or "
wine-dark
sea"
repetitious or reoccurring lines/phrases
continued...
* in medias res- means "in the middle." The story start in the middle and flashes back so the reader can understand the current situation.
* according to Joseph Campbell 's "The Hero with a Thousand Faces," there a 3 major stages of a journey:
separation, initiation, and return

Separation
Call to Adventure:
Hero becomes aware beyond normal existence (usually via a message)
Refusal of the Call:
Hero denies abilities or desire to leave
Crossing the First Threshold:
Hero is tested and pulled into a new realm, often again st his will.
Initiation
The Road of Trials:
a series of tests to prepare the hero

Meeting with the Goddess:
an offering is made given the hero's success

Woman as Temptress:
hero is found occupied/distracted by selfish pleasure

Atonement with the Father:
hero comes to terms with parents or protector (god/goddess)

Apotheosis:
hero is transformed into full potential (or divine state)

The Ultimate Boone:
a favor, blessing, or benefit is bestowed to complete the journey
Return
The Refusal of the Return:
hero hesitates to return for various reasons

The Magical Flight or Rescue from Without:
hero makes an extraordinary journey back, either reluctantly, by choice, or by force (by help)

Crossing of Return Threshold:
hero has supernatural force help him to cross back over

Master of Two Worlds:
hero becomes a bridge or master between the seemingly separate worlds

Freedom to Live:
hero has ability to move freely between two realms
So...who is this Homer guy?
Nope!
Homer is traditionally a blind author of
The Iliad
and
The Odyssey
A wandering
bard,
holder of myths and history
Stories told
orally
and changed by each story teller
Revered as the greatest of ancient
Greek epic poets
.
Yep!
These epics lie at the beginning of the Western canon of literature, and have had an
enormous influence on the history of literature.
Homer's works, which are about fifty percent speeches, provided models in
persuasive (rhetoric)
speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds.
The Odyssey

Comprised of
12,110 lines of dactylic hexameter

in the original language (
Greek
) Is considered the
sequel to the Iliad
,
an
epic poem

about the sacking of Troy Helen of “Troy” runs away with Paris, prince of Troy, abandoning her husband Menelaus of Sparta. It follows Odysseus’

10 year journey

back from Troy to his island of Ithaca. He encounters numerous obstacles as a
result of angering Poseidon
, God of the Sea
References http:// homepage.mac.com/mseffie/assignments/beowulf/epic.html http://www.authorstream.com/presentation/Urban-49805-Epic-Definition-long-poem-hero-media-res-invocation-muse-battles-romance-the-as-Education-ppt-powerpoint/ http://jc-schools.net/tutorials/Eng9/homer.html#PowerPoint_ http://www.mythichero.com/what_is_mythology.htm http://vabuescher.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/maleheromap.jpg.w560h727.jpg http://mypetjawa.mu.nu/archives/300_l.jpg http://joefelso.files.wordpress.com/2007/07/homer.jpg http://handsomebwonderful.org/simpsons/images/simpson_family/Homer/homer2.jpeg

Created by Janette Stevenson (www.wildcatfreshmenenglish.com)
Literary Terms & The Odyssey

Epic
• A long poem telling a story about the actions of heroes and gods

Epic hero
• A “larger than life” person who takes on a dangerous journey. • He possesses the character traits most valued by the culture who tells his story

Simile
• comparison of two things using the words like or as • “caught two in his hands like squirming puppies “

Epic Simile
- defined • long, detailed version of a regular simile • Often uses phrases like – just that way – just so – just as – even as • When reading, it feels like the speaker is getting lost on a tangent.

Epic simile
– an example “Sometimes in farmyards when the cows return well fed from pasture to the barn, one sees the pens give way before the calves in tumult, breaking through to cluster about their mothers, bumping together, bawling. Just that way my crew poured round me when they saw me come” (118-123).


Odysseus and the Sirens
Metaphor

• A comparison where you call one thing something it is not. • Using one thing to represent something else

Analogy
• A comparison, usually on multiple points of similarity

Personification

• giving human traits or characteristics to a non-human thing • “each one took my hands, / and wild regret and longing pierced them through, so the room rang with sobs” (103-104).

Flashback

• When a story is told by a character who looks back on the past - flashes back to it

Poetic Justice
• When a character gets what he deserves • When the most fitting reward or punishment is doled out to a character
This video shows archetypes of a hero, a villain, a damsel in distress, a vast setting, heroic qualities, supernatural powers, and a glorified ending. These are just a few epic characteristics.
An Introduction to Epics, Epic Heroes, & the Epic Journey
Now, let's talk about
Archetypes
In literature, an archetype is a typical character, an action or a situation that seems to represent such universal patterns of human nature.

An archetype, also known as universal symbol, may be a character, a theme, a symbol or even a setting. Many literary critics are of the opinion that archetypes, which have a common and recurring representation in a particular human culture or entire human race, shape the structure and function of a literary work.
There are archetypal
characters
situations
settings
symbols
If you think about it...that means all stories really are alike... that's called the Monomyth Theory!
So what does all of this have to do with
The Odyssey
?

hmmm...what do you think?

Let's get back to our "Epic"
Video Break... : )

Horrible Histories http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMjE4NjMwNzI4.html
The definition of an Epic...
Full transcript