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Military Base Cell Analogy
Transcript of Military Base Cell Analogy
Nucleolus-The Commanding Officer
Cell Analogy Project
By: Daniel Henriksen, Austin Pangborn, and Spencer Korol
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Supply Transportation
The Nucleus is responsible for controlling all important functions that go on inside the cell, sending instructions to organelles and molecules that regulate digestion, eating, and even movement.
Just like the nucleus of a cell, the Headquarters is the nucleus of a military base. Here orders are distributed to different units to carry out specific actions in order to maintain order and to keep the base in a well-operating condition.
Chromosomes-Soldiers Rank: Private
The Nuclear Membrane's main job is to protect the nucleus of a cell and the genetic material inside or it, occasionally letting molecules in and out of the nucleus.
Its cell counterpart would be the guards outside of the Headquarters, or nucleus, protecting the valuable people and/or information inside of the HQ.
The Nucleolus a structure not bound by a membrane that sits within the nucleus. It creates ribosomal subunits with ribosomal RNA and proteins. After the subunits are created, they are sent out to be made into complete ribosomes.
The military base counterpart of the nucleolus is the Commanding Officer. This is because when the Nucleolus creates a ribosomal subunit, it commands it to go out to the rest of the cell to become a full ribosome. Commanding Officers have full control over the division that they have been given jurisdiction over, so the officer can send his or her units anywhere.
Gauthier, Nicholas. "What Is a Nucleolus?" Education Portal. Education Portal, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Cilia and Flagella." Cilia and Flagella. N.p., 18 Oct. 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Cell Wall - What's It For?" Biology4Kids.com: Cell Structure: Cell Walls. Andrew Rader Studios, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
Bailey, Regina. "Chromatin - Definition and Picture in Biology." Chromatin. About Education, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
Rogers, Kara. "Golgi Apparatus (physiology)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2 Nov. 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"Vacuoles - Storage Bins to the Cells." Biology4Kids.com: Cell Structure: Vacuoles. Andrew Rader Studios, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Lysosomes." Lysosomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"Chloroplasts - Show Me the Green." Biology4Kids.com: Cell Structure: Chloroplasts. Andrew Rader Studios, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
Gauthier, Nicholas. "Flagella: Definition, Structure & Functions." Education Portal. Education Portal, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Cilium (biology)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"Cell Nucleus - Commanding the Cell." Biology4Kids.com: Cell Structure: Cell Nucleus. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Nuclear Membrane." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
"Mitochondria." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Plastid." Princeton University. Princeton University, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"Cytoplasm." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.
"Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough and Smooth)." British Society for Cell Biology. British Society for Cell Biology, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
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Flagella - Need For the Base
Mitochondria are the organelles that provide energy for the cell and its many reactions. This energy is created by breaking down nutrients within the cell and given to ATP molecules which in turn power organelles and other processes inside the cell.
The mess hall of a military base represents the mitochondria of a cell very well because the mess hall is where all of the soldiers and officials receive their energy from food. The soldiers can then use that energy to carry out orders or complete missions.
The Ribosome's main function in the cell is to create proteins and protein chains. They can be found attached to the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum or just freely floating inside the cell.
The cooks in military bases are similar to ribosomes in many ways. Cooks make food that has proteins in it for the soldiers to eat and help maintain their muscle and mend tissues. The proteins/protein chains synthesized by the ribosomes are also used in the body for maintaining muscle and repairing tissue.
Cell Membrane - Wall Fortifications
The cell wall is analogous to the minefield surrounding a military base. The minefield has a small amount of space between each mine, and if a soldier knows where the gaps in the mines are, then they can safely navigate the minefield. It is similar with a cell because if a molecule that wants to get into the cell knows where the tiny holes are that allow entrance, then that molecule can navigate into the cell safely as well.
Austin did that. Spencer and Daniel are not sure why.
It was fun. Sorta. -Austin
One of Plastids' major contributions to the cell is their ability to store important chemical compounds, so they can be easily accessed and put to use when needed.
This greatly resembles the functionality of a store house or an armory on a military base in the idea of storage. Armories and Store Houses store useful items and materials such as weapons and ammunition, as well as food.
Chromatin is a large group of material made of DNA and proteins. Chromatin's function is to fold itself into chromosomes whenever cell division (mitosis) is happening. A curious onlooker would be able to find chromatin in the nucleus of the cell.
The will to survive a battle and make it home is our chosen analogy for chromatin. Chromatin plays a large part in the reproduction of cells, because without it, the cell would have no DNA or genes to carry on, and soldiers want to survive battles and make it back home to procreate, since it is a natural instinct.
The function of the cell wall is to be a rigid barrier between the outside environment and the inside of the cell. It is the first line of defense against invading viruses or bacteria. There are small holes in the cell wall to allow molecules like nutrients in and let waste escape.
"Powerhouse of the cell" ~Jonathan Henriksen December 17, 8:53 p.m., 2014 (Mr. Tetu, if you're going to dock points, somehow dock them from Jojo's presentation please.)
The Golgi Apparatus made of stacks of flat pouches called cisternae. The Golgi Apparatus transports, modifies, and packages
proteins and lipids. It transports them to vesicles, which then take them to their destinations.
Our selected analogy for the Golgi Apparatus is the barracks. Barracks are the first place they leave to go fulfill their orders. The Golgi Apparatus ships out proteins and lipids to their destination to accomplish their jobs.
The cytoplasm of a cell is comprised of two parts: organelles, which perform all of the major functions in a cell, and cytosol, a gel-like substance made up of water, salts, and organic molecules, that holds the organelles in place.
This relates strongly to the idea and sense of brotherhood gained while fighting or while deployed with fellow soldiers. This sense gives the soldiers a reason to keep fighting , or in other words gives the cell its shape.
Vacuoles are bubbles in both plant and animal cells that store various things. Although, vacuoles in plant cells are much larger than their counterparts in animal cells. They can store nutrients, water, food, and sometimes waste to prevent the rest of the cell from becoming contaminated.
Beyond the fact that canteens store liquids, can store foods, and in extreme situations can store waste, they are alike to vacuoles. Canteens, just like vacuoles, are generally round in shape. Furthermore, there is nothing special about the canteens, and nor is there about the vacuoles. Both are just a thin layer of material surrounding whatever they contain.
The function of the lysosome is to dispose and or digest a material that it is presented with. The lysosome contains enzymes that can break down proteins. It is possible for several hundred lysosomes to be present in one cell.
Soldier's consumption of both food and ammunition is
analogous to the lysosome. There are many guns that need ammo to be useful, just as there are many lysosomes within one cell. Additionally, there are many, many soldiers who are eating food at any given military base.
The Endoplasmic Reticulum's job is to both produce proteins and other molecules as well as assist in transporting those molecules to their destinations. It accomplishes this by providing a way point for vesicles carrying molecules on their journey and allows them to make sure they (the vesicles) are going the right direction.
In a military base, the endoplasmic reticulum is best represented by the Supply Transportation team. Their job is to distribute food and other supplies to places all over the base, just like how the ER distributes vesicles and molecules to places all over the cell.
The chloroplast in a cell is the food producer for the cell. It produces food
through photosynthesis, meaning that it converts the energy of the sun into sugars that the cell can process for a food source. Chloroplast can only be found in plant cells.
When the chloroplast is producing food for the cell from the sunlight, it is
essentially manufacturing energy for the cell to utilize. A solar panel or a solar panel array produces energy for the whole military base or at least parts of it. The solar panel also does this by harvesting the energy from the sun, just as the chloroplast does.
Chromosomes contain very large amounts of DNA and are responsible for all of the traits passed down from parents to their offspring. The DNA strands are made up of nucleotides and a backbone which then coil up and fit inside chromosomes.
New army members, assigned the rank private, are alike the chromosomes of a cell due to what they hold for the camp and even the entire army in the future. Some of them will mature into great leaders, but all of them will be the majority of the army one day, and they will shape the army and choose how the army adapts to new aspects of life.
The Cytoskeleton is the backbone of the cell, reinforcing it and giving it structural support. The Cytoskeleton is made up of a network of proteins, and it is constantly disassembled and reassembled where it is needed most.
Ranks of soldiers and officials in a military base greatly resembles a cytoskeleton of a cell because without ranks, everything in the army and the entire military would become out of order and eventually turn into a mess of unorganized soldiers. Just like how without a skeleton to hold itself in the right shape, a cell would collapse and become a jumbled pile of now useless organelles and macromolecules.
The function of the flagella on the cell is to move the cell around. The
structure of a flagellum is similar to the structure of a whip. There are three different kinds of flagellum, and they all have different structures.
What allows the military base to move is the need for the military base in a
certain area. A flagellum also moves a cell to where it is needed to perform its specific function.
The function of the cilia is to move materials past the surface of the cell. One can often find the cilium in rows or tufts called cirri on the outside of cells. Due to the fact that cilia can move in unison, they are very good at moving molecules past the surface of the cells they are on.
Our chosen analogy for cilia is the watch towers of the military base. This is because when an opposing soldier or army sees many watch towers guarding a military base, they will most likely move away from the military base because they do not think that it is worth it to try and invade a base with such good defense,
The membrane's military base counterpart would be the wall fortifications because of their function of keeping unwanted visitors out of the base, just like how the cell membrane would deny unwanted materials entry into the cell. Also, the base wall features gates that let people and supplies in and out, exactly alike to how the cell membrane's openings allow necessary materials to enter and exit the cell.
The role of centrioles inside a cell are to organize all of the DNA and chromosomes in order to have a clean, mistake-free cell division. The centriole itself is normally made up of nine triplets of microtubules, which are made out of the same proteins as the cytoskeleton.
A staff sergeant's job is to instruct and teach multiple sergeants at once, along with the soldiers under those sergeants' commands. This is alike the role of the centrioles because the staff sergeant instructs the sergeants on what to do and how to behave before they split apart and begin commanding their own group of soldiers, just like how the centrioles organize the chromosomes before they split apart and become parts of two different and independent cells.
The cell membrane is arguably one of the most important parts of a cell, given that it has very big responsibilities, including regulating what enters and exits the cell. It is made up of glycerophospholipids, and has many other features that are used for other purposes, such as certain openings that let nutrients and other materials into the cell.