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The Enlightenment Expands
Transcript of The Enlightenment Expands
New Ideas Challenge Society
Writers Face Censorship
The Enlightenment Inspires Composers
The Enlightenment led composers and musicians to develop new forms of music.
'Classical' music came out of the Enlightenment which led to the development of Ballets and the Opera.
Musicians such as Bach, Handel, Haydn and Mozart came out of the Enlightenment.
The Enlightenment Expands
Enlightenment ideas flowed from France, all across Europe , and beyond.
Everywhere, thinkers examined traditional beliefs and customs in the light of reason and found them flawed.
Educated people all over Europe read Diderot's Encyclopedia in addition to inexpensive pamphlets that printers made that covered a broad range of issues.
Enlightenment thinkers taught a just society that should ensure social justice and happiness of the world.
At this time, monarchs and the church felt they had a sacred duty to defend the old order that God had set up.
To protect against the attacks of the Enlightenment, they waged a war of censorship, or restricting access to ideas and information.
Some 'philosophes', such as Montesquieu and Voltaire disguised their ideas in works of 'fiction'.
Salons were informal social gatherings at which writers, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas.
New literature, the arts, science and philosophy were topics of discussion.
Arts and Literature Reflect New Ideas
In the age of Louis the XIV, courtly art and architecture were either in the Greek or Roman tradition or in a grand, ornate style known as baroque.
Baroque paintings were huge and colorful and full of excitement.
Art that moved away from religion, and unlike Baroque, which was lighter, and elegant.
This is an example of moving away from traditional tastes.
The Novel Takes Shape
One result of the Enlightenment was the outpouring on novels, or long works wrote in fiction.
Daniel Defoe wrote
, which was an exciting tale about a sailor shipwrecked on a tropical island.
Enlightenment Despot Embrace New Ideas
While the majority of monarchs rejected ideas that came out of the enlightenment,
, or absolute rulers who accepted the new ideas, used their power to bring about political and social change.
This will include:
aka Frederick the Great
He saw himself as the emperor of Prussia who worked for the common good.
aka Catherine the Great
Catherine abolishes torture and establishes religious tolerance in Russia.
Lives of the Majority Change Slowly
The effects of the Enlightenment do not effect all of the population.
Peasants remained peasants and the Enlightenment primarily affected the upper and middle classes.