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Art History Timeline

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Kirsten Smith

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Art History Timeline

Art History Timeline Paleolithic 30 000 BCE 11 000 BCE 3 500 BCE Neolithic Early Stone Age 2700 BCE Old Kingdom
(2700 - 2190 BCE) 2100 BCE 2000 BCE Middle Kingdom
(2190 - 1600 BCE) 1800 BCE 1600 BCE 1200 BCE 1000 BCE 800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE New Kingdom
(1600 - 100 BCE) Egyptian Art 80 BCE 40 BCE 20 BCE 0 Roman Republic
(509 - 27 BCE) 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE Roman Imperial
(27 BCE - 476 CE) Roman Art (3 500 - 100 BCE) (509 BCE - 476 CE) 600 CE 700 CE Archaic
(800 - 480 BCE) Classical
(480 - 350 BCE) Hellenistic
(350 - 178 BCE) Greek Art (800 - 178 BCE) UR
(2112 - 2025 BCE) Assyrians
( 1363 - 612 BCE) Neo-Babylonians
(612 - 538 BCE) Persian
(538 - 331 BCE) Mespotamia (1800 - 1450 BCE) Babylonian
(2025 - 1595 BCE) Minoan/Mycenan
(1800 - 1450 BCE) Early Christian
(200 - 650 CE) 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1200 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE 1600 CE 1700 CE Dark Ages
(650 - 950 CE) Romanesque
(950 - 1140 CE) Gothic
(1140 - 1400 CE) Byzantine
(500 1 453 CE) Christian Art (200 - 1 450 CE) Early Renaissance/High Gothic
(1400 - 1485 CE) High Renaissance
(1485 - 1550 CE) Manherism
(1550 - 1600 CE) Baroque Period
(1600 - 1700 CE) 1760 CE 1780 CE 1800 CE 1820 CE 1840 CE 1860 CE Rococo
(1700 - 1760 CE) Neoclassical
(1780 - 1810 CE) Romanticism
(1800 - 1840 CE) 1880 CE 1900 CE 1920 CE 1940 CE Realism
(1850 - 1875 CE) Impressionism
(1872 - 1900 CE) Post-Impressionism
(1880 - 1900 CE) Woman of Willendorf Symbolism of fertility, was made very small in order for people to carry them around during migration. Wounded Bison 1960 CE Cubism
(1900 - 1950 CE) 2013 CE Summar / Akkadian
(3500 - 2112 BCE) Surrealism
(1920 - 1960 CE) Pop-Art
(1950 - present day) Abstract Expressionism
(1940 - present day) 20nth Century (1900 - Present Day) Standard of Ur Mosaic representing everyday life and the difference between governments at the time (bad vs. good). Ziggurat Made from handmade stone/bricks. At the top of the "mountain" there was a holy temple for their god where cerrimonies would take place. Female Head The eyes of sculpture were big holes ecanced with jewels, representing "the window to the soal". Sculpture The sculpture on the left is additive (adding a materrial to another material) and the scultures on the right are subtractive (taking away from a subject; carving). Snake Goddess Based around religous beliefs and also symbolizes the mother of fertility (gods/goddesses) The Toreador Fresco Influenced by the Egyptians Minoan/Mycenaen people would paint wall frescos of important parts of their culture/religion. Palette of King Narmer The Pharoah was worshiped by their community, this is a cerimonial plate made for King Narmer representing the victory over lower Egypt. The Pyramids of Menkaure Pyramids symbolized power, authority, gods, spirits, ect. Kings had larger pyrimids while Queens had small temples below the Kings pyramids. Menkaure and His Wife Sculture was very stiff looking and formal, it was carved from front to back with no detail in the back because it was only meant to view from the front. Seated Scribe A scribe was the master of "sacred and secret letters", they recorded everything that took place in the Pharoahs life; from how his tomb was built to how he ran the community, etc.) Focused around the hunt; painted pictures in caves. Hittites
(1595 - 1363 BCE) 1400 BCE Kouros and Female Figure Kouros refers to the male figure and Kore refers to the female figure. Sculpture at this time was becoming more realistic and more relaxed (curved in the round 3D). Diskobolos (Discus Thrower) There are strong actions and facial features in sculpture now. In the classical era all sculptures were god like "the ideal youth". Dying Trumpeter The emotion is now raw and more personalized, it shows the form and more characteristics of the event taking place. The Pantheon, Rome Refers to "The House of Gods", was the greatest building built. Augustus of Primaporta Symbolizes politics power and intimidation; propaganda. Vespasian Romans were the first at depicting a real person as a portrait sculpture. Constantine the Great Was the transition into the holy empire and Christianity. It was a reflection of spiritual power. Interior, Hagia Sophia Based on the pantheon. There are two styles the Latin cross and the Greek cross. The Harbaville Triptych Westwork, St. Pantaleon, Cologne During the Early Romanesque period, there were small windows in these churches in order for shelter and safety. Nave (looking east), Durham Cathedral. Ceilings are now becoming rib vault to create wider and higher naves. Chartres Cathedral, France Most famous church that represents Gothic style the best. From stain glass windows, flying buttresses and vaulted ceilings. Giotto, The Lamentation Giotto used real people as models to depict true emotion and form in the fresco painting. Fresco painting was the most frequently used style of painting because it was cheap and long lasting. Donatello, The Feat of Herod This relief excelled greatly from what the Greeks ever accomplished. Donatello manages to make a flat surface appear 3D with atmospheric perspective; making a window into the picture. Masaccio, The Holy Trinity Masaccio introduced perspective lines with no vanishing point. This inspired creative ideas for the future. Michelangelo, David. Michelangelo was the first to do an oversized nude sculpture. He manages to include the classical form, strong emotion and movement from the Hellenistic form. Raphael, The School of Athens Raphael uses perspective and a Roman and Greek atmosphere. He paints each person as individuals conveying true emotion and representations of the past. Tintoretto, The Last Supper. No longer dealing with chiaroscuro. The viewer is placed as part of the dinner scene taking apart in the chaos and depicts an event taking place. Bruegel, The Blind Leading the Blind. Political and social commentary, the picture depicts a greater message than what it appears, it is making society think about how things are ran by political figures and is the start to humanism. Caravaggio, The Calling
of St. Matthew During the Baroque period they used one light source to allow extreme light and dark in the image creating a personal experience with heavy use of tenebrism. Rubens, Marie de' Medici, Queen of France,
Landing in Marseilles. Transformation into Rococo, the idea of fantasy and dreams. Jan Vermeer,
Woman Holding a Balance. Vermeer depicts scenes of everyday life in households. Shows the reality not the wealthiness and image of the high society. Watteau, A Pilgrimage to Cythera Artwork did not reflect around society during the Rococo period. It was about play and fun and the new concept of Nationalism. David, The Death of Socrates The painting is purely political, and the purpose was to rise from a new concept; Nationalism. Goya, The Third of May, 1808. Depicts the true reality of events taking place with no curtain hiding anything. This piece of art shows the past, present and future. Courbet, Burial at Ornans. Artists start to break free from the society painting what they want and feel a connection to; "art for the sake of art". This picture demonstrates a lower class society. Manet, Luncheon on the Grass The woman is now portrayed as the subject staring at the viewer. Manet changes the view of the photo by doing this sending a personal message to the observer. Degas, Prima Ballerina. Art becomes more internal instead of realistic and demonstrated the nightlife of Paris. Surfaces become more flat and the content is taken away. Paul Cezanne, Mont Ste.-Victoire
Seen from Bibemus Quarry Broke the realistic image down to just shape, form and color. The true aesthetics with no content. Paul Gauguin, The Vision after the Sermon Art does not have to be real or natural; Gauguin demonstrates this by painting the sky and grass unrealistic colors like red to get a reaction from people. Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon This image demonstrates synthetic art; art that is made up from the mind of the artist. Picasso, Portrait of
Ambroise Vollard, 1910. This image demonstrates analytic art; where the form is analyzed through and thought out carefully (angles, nature, etc). Chirico, Mystery and
Melancholy of a Street Artists start to look at psychology, analyzing dreams and uncovering the idea as imagery. Paul Klee, Twittering Machine. Broken down to just shapes, there is no content at all. This makes people think about the image and the message being portrayed. Pollock, Autumn Rhythm: Number 30. Again form is broken down to just form and movement of lines, shapes and colors. Andy Warhol, Gold Marilyn Monroe. Pop-Art is a representation of popular things in the society, Warhol focused on celebrity icons of the time. THE END By: Kirsten Smith
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