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Community Cohesion - Complete Unit

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Mez Munshi

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Community Cohesion - Complete Unit

JOBS
RELIGION
Let's approach this lesson as if we were constructing
an answer to the following question:

Explain
how attitudes to the roles of women
and men have changed.

What type of question and how would you answer it?
Learning Objective:

To be able to explain how the attitudes to the roles of women and men have changed in the UK.
Women should remain at home, sit still, keep house, and bear and bring up children.

Martin Luther 1483-1586
The souls of women are so small that some believe they’ve none at all.

Samuel Butler 1612-1680
What a misfortune to be a woman.
Kierkegaard
Any woman who acts in such a way that she cannot give birth to as many children as she is capable of, makes herself guilty of that many murders.

Augustine
I permit no woman to teach or have authority over men; She is to keep silent.

Paul - The Bible
Women must accept the authority of their husbands.

Paul - The Bible
Every woman should be overwhelmed with shame at the thought that she is a woman.

Clement of Alexandria
When I turned out to be a mathematical genius my mother said, “Put on some lipstick and see if you can find a boyfriend”

American Mathematics Professor in the 1970’s
Women have the right to work where ever they want – as long as you have dinner ready when you get home.

John Wayne
Married Woman's Property Act (2 marks)

The role of women changed significantly with the passing of the Married Woman's Property Act 1882
which allowed married women to keep their property
separate from their husbands.

This gave women economical power and
would lead to further changes in the law
.





Electoral Reform Act (2 marks)

This was followed by the Electoral Reform Act which gave equal voting rights to women and allowed women to stand as MPs. This was made possible by other countries such as New Zealand (first country to
offer voting rights to women) and this made it very difficult for the UK to avoid such a change.

Women were now able to influence the decisions of Parliament and again this changed the role of women.
Equal Pay Act (2 marks)

Another example of the changing attitudes towards the role of men and women was the introduction of the Equal Pay Act in 1970 which required employers to give women the same pay as men – equal pay for like work regardless
of the employee’s sex.

It was the Labour governments of the 1970s
which was dedicated to the Equal Rights campaign.




Sex Discrimination Act (2 marks)

Then in 1975, the Sex Discrimination Act made it illegal to discriminate in employment on grounds of gender or whether someone is married. These Acts gave women the right to take employers to court if they treated them differently.

The development of the Human Rights declaration of Human Rights and the feminist movement made it very difficult to contradict such changes.
Islamic attitudes towards equal
rights for women
In the exam, when a Type C question regarding religious attitudes toward equal rights for women; it will always ask you to
compare
two different points of view therefore instead of four brief explained statements...
go for two in-depth statements.
The government promotes community cohesion by:

Appointing people from ethnic minorities
. An example of this in the government is Baroness Uddin.
Does Mr Haseldine have to employ ethnic minorities in school? Why?

Establishing the
Equality and Human Rights Commission
.
What do they do and why?
Why is community cohesion so important?

“Cohesion is about avoiding negative effects from intolerance and harassment that can break down in society”
How does the government promote community cohesion. (8 marks)
One way in which the government promotes community cohesion is by making it:

Part of the national education curriculum in schools either in
RE or PSHE
. Education and Inspection Act 2006 said all maintained schools need to promote community cohesion, and
Ofsted
must report on this.

*Why is RE in schools so important that it is made compulsory?*
Another way in which the government promotes community cohesion by:

Supporting groups, projects and organisations
that are working for community cohesion.

An example of one of these groups is...

The government has used the law to promote community cohesion. Examples of this include:
2 MARKS
2 MARKS
2 MARKS
2 MARKS
THE CHANGING ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE UK
CHRISTIANITY & RACIAL HARMONY
What have we learnt today?
Learning objectives:
Explore Islam and racial harmony

Learn why Muslims should work to promote racial harmony


TRAFFIC LIGHTS
GREEN OR RED??????
MULTI FAITH SOCIETY

Faiths in the Future


http://www.teachers.tv/videos/1727
Exam Question


TEAM A - Explain why the United Kingdom is often refereed to as a multi-faith society?

TEAM B – Explain why mixed faith marriages may cause issues in a multi-faith society?
Task
Religious Freedom?
The right to practice your religion and change it.

Religious Pluralism?
Accepting all religions as having a right to co-exist.
Key Words and Terms
A society that is both religiously pluralist and had religious freedom can create issues for religions:


Conversion - Some religions (Christianity and Islam) believe all should convert to their one faith. Can lead to conflict on opinion -
WHY?


Children – Multi-faith society needs children to learn about all religions, and have choice of religious freedom -
WHY?


Mixed Marriage – Young people of different religions are going to meet to want to marry each other -
WHY?
Issues raised in multi-faith society
Increases tolerance and understanding, learn about other faiths.

Insight into other religions, think deeper and reflect on own beliefs.

Helps people understand that everyone comes from different viewpoints, have different opinions.

Religious freedom may help stop religious conflicts.
Benefits of multi-faith society
Multi Faith Society – Many different religions living ‘together’ in one society.

Many societies used to be mono – faith (one religion), mainly became this in the 20th Century.

Although some consider that Britain was mono-faith up until the 16th Century - Protestant, Catholics and Jews.

This lead to laws allowing religious freedom.
The UK as Multi-Faith Society
Other Religions
0.27%
Hindu
0.95%

Sikh
0.57%

Jewish
0.46%

Buddhist
0.25%
Christians
72.6%

No religion
14%

No Answer
8.2%

Muslim
2.7%
Census – England and Wales
Learning Objectives:

To explain why the UK is often referred to as a multi-faith society.

To explain how the presence of many different religions may cause problems for religious believers.
The UK as a Multi – Faith Society
MEDIA & COMMUNITY COHESION
Different table groups will share their findings of the key points in the task.

Homework – Answer the question
Choose an issue from religion and community cohesion presented in one form of media and explain whether the presentation was fair to religious people
What have we learnt?
KEY QUESTIONS TO ANSWER:

Why is the portrayal of Sikhs in a multifaith community important?

How were Sikhs portrayed in the multifaith community?

Was the representation of Sikhs in the film fair to their religious beliefs?

Was the representation of Sikhs a fair portrayal of Sikh people?
Task

Watch the opening 20 minutes of 'Bend it Like Beckham'. Consider the way Sikhs are portrayed in a multi-faith community.
BEND IT LIKE BECKHAM
Religion and the Media
How an issue from religion and community cohesion has been presented in one form of the media.





Lesson Objectives:

To explore a religious issue and its representation through film.

To consider whether the religious issue treats people fairly in the film.
Create a timeline of events using key dates and facts. What has changed for women since 1882?
1882
Married Woman's Property Act
A proper wife should be as obedient as a slave. A female is a female by virtue of a certain lack of qualities – a natural defect.

Aristotle
Men vs Women
On your outline of a human body, draw the stereotypical role/looks of a female, and what kind of jobs they do.
MALE
FEMALE
What do you remember?
d) "Women should have equal rights as men."

Do you agree? Give 3 reasons why. (3 Marks)

Give 3 reasons why some people may disagree with you. (3 Marks)
On your tables are information sheets of the four laws which were passed for women. Read through, and make key notes on your mind map!
Whilst watching the following video, take a note of the important dates that changed women's roles in the UK!
RELIGION & ROLE OF WOMEN
GOVT PROMOTION OF CC
ISLAM & RACIAL HARMONY
Christian attitudes toward equal rights for women.
Learning Objective: To develop an understanding of the different Christian attitudes towards women's roles in religion.
Traditional Protestant
Why do traditional Christians believe this?

This teaching is based on:

•The teachings of St Paul in Timothy about women not being allowed to teach or speak in church.

•The disciples of Jesus being men.
Men and women should have separate and different roles. It is the role of women to bring up children and run a Christian home.
Women should NOT speak in church and must submit to their husbands. It is the role of men to provide for the family and lead the family in religion.
Men must love their wives as themselves, but only men can be Church leaders and teachers.
Modern Protestant
This teaching is based on:
Many Protestant Churches now accept that men and women are equal and they have women ministers and priests (eg Church of England, Methodist and Baptist). These churches teach that men and women have equal roles.
•The teachings of Genesis 1 that men and women were created at the same time and equally.
•The teaching of St Paul that in Christ there is neither male nor female.
•There is possible evidence that there were women priests in the early church. They must have existed in order to be banned by the Council of Laodicea in the fourth century.
Why is the Vicar allowed to be a priest?
Catholic Attitude


The Catholic Church teaches that men and women should have equal roles in life and society. Women have the same rights as men in the Church and are able to study and teach in theological colleges.

Catholic Church teaches that only men can be priests. It teaches that this does not affect the equal status of men and women. It is because of the special function of the priest representing Jesus at the Mass.

Why?

This teaching is based on:

• The teachings of Genesis 1 that men and women were created at the same time and equally.

• The teaching of the Catholic Catechism that men and women are equal, but only men can be priests.

• The fact that all of the apostles were men and priests and bishops are successors of the apostles.

• The fact that Jesus was a man and the priest represents Jesus at the Mass.
COMMUNITY COHESION
In the exam, when a Type C question regarding religious attitudes toward equal rights for women; it will always ask you to
compare
two different points of view therefore instead of four brief explained statements...
go for two in-depth statements.
Christian attitudes toward equal rights for women.
Learning Objective: To develop an understanding of the different Christian attitudes towards women's roles in religion.
Your Mission...

We are going to explore three different Christian attitudes to the role of women in the Christian Church:

Traditional Protestant
Modern Protestant
Catholic
5

4

3

6

2

1


What impact does this image have on you?

Is this a traditional or liberated (modern) representation of Christian women? Why?

Christian imagery of women Investigation

Look at each image and answer the following questions in your books for all 6 images:
You will work in groups of three and each of you will pick one attitude and using the facebook page format; you will create a facebook page for your chosen attitude.


For example; Raymia may chose Catholic attitude, Asia will chose the modern Protestant and Shanteena might choose Traditional Protestant.
Depending on which attitude you choose
you will find some information attached to
your facebook page to help you such as a quote or a statement from the group you are representing.
You have twenty minutes to prepare your facebook page and you can use your iPads.
Now, you have 15 minutes to take turns to
explain the Christian attitude you have just
researched to the rest of your group.

YOU CANNOT JUST COPY; YOU MUST EXPLAIN SO YOUR GROUP MEMBER CAN ADD THE INFORMATION TO THEIR FACEBOOK PAGE IN THE SECTION CALLED 'FRIENDS'...
You must include:

What the attitude is and importantly why...you must make reference to the Bible and/or the teachings of
the Church.
EXAM QUESTIONS - ANSWER IN YOUR BOOKS

Type C) Explain why some Christians give equal role to women in religion and some do not? (8 Marks)


Type D) ‘Women should have equal roles in Christianity’.

i) Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion (3 Marks)
ii) Give reasons why some people may disagree with you. (3 Marks)

Time to Share...
I am going to randomly select people to read out their new friend profiles and let's see if the Christian attitude is correct...
LESSON 1 & 2
Lesson 3 & 4
LO: To understand the two attitudes for women in Islam, with Quranic quotes and hadith to explain these attitudes.
On your desks is a quote, either from the Quran, or from an Islamic perspective. Work with the person next to you, and come up with 2 explanations of your quote in greater detail.
http://stylishmuslimah.blogspot.co.uk/2013/03/top-10-quran-quotes-every-woman-must.html
Take your chairs outside into the corridor!
Conscience Alley...
I will choose a student in our class, who will ask the key question, "Are women equal in Islam?"

They must then walk through you all, and you each have to defend your own perspective!
Using all that you have learnt today, complete the essay question: "Are women equal in Islam?
Plenary
Watch these two videos. Are either of them from Islam?
Learning Objective:

To consider the problems of prejudice
and discrimination and how they can be
overcome through understanding and laws in the UK.
M
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L
T
I

E
T
H
N
I
C

S
O
C
I
E
T
Y
Pyramid of Prejudice and racism
Quick-think: Examples?
Why are the EDL/National Front so angry?
MIXED MARRIAGE
WELFARE
MASS
IMMIGRATION
HOUSING
BENEFITS
As we know it today the UK has been as a multi-ethnic society since WW2.

The UK government recruited workers from the Commonwealth such as India, Pakistan, Africa, Bangladesh, West Africa and the Caribbean to lessen labour shortage.

These countries had supported Britain during the war.
HOW DOES THE UK MAKE SURE THE EDL DONT DISCRIMINATE OPENLY?
RACE RELATIONS ACT - 1976
Discriminate against anyone because of their race, colour, nationality, or ethnic background in terms of housing, training, jobs, education or the provision of services.

Use threatening or abusive language that could stir up racial hatred.

Publish anything that could cause racial hatred.
As more and more people began to settle in the UK racism began to rear its ugly head. UK laws were introduced against this and the most important was the Race Relations Act in 1976 which made it illegal to...
Type b) Do you think we need laws against racism? Give two reasons for your point of view. (4 Marks)
GCSE RS QUESTIONS
1. Download PicCollage
2. Find benefits of a multi-ethnic society.
3. Create a PicCollage with captions
4. Upload it onto Showbie!
FOOD
RELIGION
JOBS
How does the Government promote community cohesion?
LO: To explore how and why the UK government promotes community cohesion
Starter
For this lesson, have a go at making four paper people...
Community Cohesion:
“A sense of belonging for all groups in society”
There are four strategies which the government have put into place to encourage communities to live together in peace. We need to know all four for the exam, which we will write on our paper people!
http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/
Race Relations Act
Crime and Disorder Act
Racial Hatred Act
Each group will research ONE of these Acts. Feedback to the class in 15 minutes!
MULTI-FAITH SOCIETY
http://www.theuktest.com/life-in-the-uk-test/1
Christianity and Racial Harmony
LO:To use quotes from the Bible, the teachings of Jesus and the work of Martin Luther King Jnr to understand Christian views towards racial harmony.
My Tram Experience
We need to know how a Christian react to the tram experience. What are your thoughts?
The Good Samaritan
Jesus'
own
example and teachings supported beliefs in equality and racial harmony. The best example being the
Parable of the Good Samaritan.

The Samaritans were a mixed race and suffered much discrimination.

Jesus chose one of them to be the hero of his story in order to show the true meaning of
'love thy neighbour.'
Each pair will receive clues for a treasure hunt. Each of the 'treasures' are outside of the school. The first pair back wins a prize!
Time for a treasure hunt!
Work on the clues I provide for you, and find each of the statements - each one will tell you another reason why Christians must respect ALL races. There are only 6 places where they could be- and only 6 envelopes!
Every pair MUST be back in 10 minutes, irregardless of whether you have found each clue or not.
GOOD LUCK!
2. St Paul's Teaching
St Paul teaches racial harmony through the New Testament.

In the Galatians, St Paul taught that everyone is equal in Christ, and so there can be no divisions of race amongst Christians.

He also said that God created all nations from one man, therefore everyone is equal.
2. Just as Jesus treated a Samaritan woman as his equal (John), he also healed a Roman centurion’s servant (Luke 7) and had a black African helping him to carry his cross.

Christians believe that people should follow the examples of Jesus, promoting racial harmony.
Jesus' teaching
Church Teaching
What have the Christian churches actually said about racism and working together?
4 Major things the church have done are...
You have 10 minutes to film your own version of this famous Bible story! Once it is done, send it to me on email.
Create the clues for next years group!
Islam and Racial Harmony
To use quotes from the
Qur’an
, the teachings of the
Prophet
Muhammad
and the work of
Malcolm X
to understand Muslim
views towards racial harmony.
This is a picture of Muslims at the Hajj pilgrimage.
What clues can you get from this photo about Muslim
attitudes towards racial harmony?
(jot down some ideas on the post it note)
What does the Qur'an and Muhammad say about equality between people?
"O humanity, I am the messenger of to you
all
!" (Surah 7)
‘People descended from Adam, and Adam was made out of dust.
There is no superiority for an Arab over an non-Arab, neither for a white man over a black man...’

Allah does not look upon your outward
appearance, he looks upon your hearts and
deeds'
"all people
are as equal
as the teeth
of a comb."
Another way that Muslims show racial harmony, is through the five pillars. Discuss each pillar and write down how each shows equality.
During the Prophet's last speech before he died, he said....
"Islam does not promote racial harmony." Why would someone have this opinion?
For this lesson, I want you to start by making a chatterbox!
Full transcript