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Transcript of Information Process-Swimming
Sight- A lot of visual demonstrations:
•Coach breaking down the movements (legs and arms separate) and demonstrating each movement, on land and in water, for the beginner swimmer to observe.
•Coach showing visuals such as photos and videos of the arm and leg movements.
Hearing -Coach’s encouraging feedback
-Coach gives feedback on movements separately and one at a time, does not overwhelm the beginner with too much information at a time. Focus is on one movement at a time
-Splash of water caused by movement of limbs in water
Feel-Temperature change when entering the water. The temperature of the water is warmed a bit so that the beginner is not in shock.
•Beginner wears goggles in order to prevent the uncomfortable sensation of chlorine in the eyes so that all focus is given into learning.
Proprioception: It is the ability to sense the position and location and orientation and movement of the body and its parts.
-Beginner is sensing the feel of the arm and leg movements
•Legs: Feel legs pushing against the water and splashing the water.
•Arms: Feel one arm at a time going in the water, rotating, and coming out of the water.
•Head: Rotate head out of the water between every stroke for respiration.
Kinesthetic (balancing) -
Beginner balances to float horizontally in water.
Stimuli: Make stimuli stand out. Sensory Inputs-Advanced Smell-Chlorine (less noticeable to an advanced)
Taste-Chlorine (less noticeable to an advanced)
Sight- Awareness of the end of the swimming pool.
•The performance of the swimmer can be video taped and played back to the swimmer so that specific feedback can be given by the coach (knowledge of performance)
Hearing- Coach’s positive and negative feedback with a serious tone.
•Splash of water due to movement of limbs.
•Sound of pistol
Feel- Swimmer not shocked by the change of temperature (used to it) and water pressure.
•Advanced wears goggles; however, the eyes are used to the chlorine in the water and therefore swimmer can manage to swim without goggles.
•Muscles hurting due to build up of lactic acid.
Proprioception: a very strong sense of movement, orientation, and position of arms and legs when swimming.
-Floats horizontally on water. Memory-Beginner
-Arm and leg movements are done separately. Focus is on one movement at a time (e.g steps for doing one stroke). Coach's movements are imitated.
-The sensory inputs are stored in short term memory; however, only a limited amount can be stored and some is forgotten. Long term memory is not used as much; yet by repeating the skills they transfer to the long term memory. Memory-Advanced -Focus is on all movements at once.
-Inputs are already stored in the long term memory (especially proprioception)
-Automatic Motivation: Beginner Extrinsic:
- Rewards such as badges or candies
-Encouragement from coach and family
-Satisfaction and self realization of learning a new skill Motivation: Advanced Positive:
-Satisfaction when doing better than other competitors
-Success and fame can motivate professional swimmers of wanting to win competitions
-Encouragement from people(coach, swimming fans etc.)
-Rewards: money, trophies, medals etc.
-Fear of failure
-Pressure from the coach/teammates/country/audience
-Avoiding criticism from the media Sensory Input Memory Decision making Decision Making: Beginner -when to breath (usually 3 strokes for beginners)
-position and motion of arms when doing strokes
-position and motion of legs when pedaling Decision Making: Advanced -Not much decision making since inputs are stored in the long term memory and have become automatic.
-When to dive in (sound of pistol)
-Turn when the end of the pool is reached. Motor Output Feedback Motivation Leadership Leadership: Beginner -Autocratic because swimming is dangerous for beginners (for instance, high chance of drowning) Leadership: Advanced For Olympic athlete -can be democratic because they already know everything about swimming so sometimes, they can make decisions themselves. In addition, swimming is an individual sport (most of the time) and therefore team members do not have to be taken into consideration. uSwim, Level 3, Skill 2 - Beginner Freestyle arms how to teach your child to swim, swimming lessons Perception Perception: Environment is the same. (ex. swimming pool is the same, same movements are repeated) Beginner Advanced
•Temperature is fixed; length of swimming pool is fixed. Environment is the same.
•In the case of a competition: Awareness of competitors when swimming (only possible on the right side) -Knowledge of result
-Result told immediately
-Tone of voice is soft when giving feedback as well as encouraging (positive) Beginner Advanced -Knowledge of performance
-Movements (what went wrong)
-Internal and external feedback
-Coach is more strict when giving feedback (positive and negative). Beginner Advanced -Depends on the ability (physical condition) of the swimmer
-How well they feel on the day of practice.
-How the swimmer carries out the instruction/ movement the coach taught them.
-The amount of practice
-Depends on the swimmer's ability
-how well they carry out the movements
-amount of practice The End