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A century of urban economic change
Transcript of A century of urban economic change
Cities in flux...
100 years of jobs growth
Those cities that continue to specialise in routinised activity over knowledge-based jobs, tend to have struggling economies.
the course of
Policy for the 21st century
of the smartest
Read the full report at:
The geography of knowledge
Some cities have been more successful than others in supporting new knowledge-based businesses. This map shows the picture in 2013
Not all cities are stuck on one path. In the middle of the 20th century, Manchester experienced a major decline, but during the 80s the city was reinvented by redeveloping neglected city centre buildings, creating attractive office space. This resulted in a surge of knowledge-based jobs helping it to go from replicator, to reinventor.
Cities' ability to create jobs over the last century has varied. This map shows job change from 1911- 2013.
The challenge for cities
To maintain their momentum, cities over the last century needed to replace jobs in declining industries for jobs in new, knowledge-based areas.
Those cities that were able to transform into knowledge-based economies tend to benefit from stronger growth.