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Difference Between Makki and Madani Surahs

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Fatima wasi wasi

on 17 February 2015

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Transcript of Difference Between Makki and Madani Surahs

Makki and Madani Surahs
Background Information
The Quran was revealed over 23 years of the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW)
First revealed in Makkah, then finished his mission in Madina
Makki Surahs
The theme of the Surahs revealed in Makkah was to establish logical proofs for monotheism while focusing on the attributes and power of Allah (SWT)
Ever Surah with a sajdah is Makki
Every Surah, with the exception of Surah al-Baqarah, in which the story of Adam and Iblis finds mention is Makki
Surahs with short verses, a strong rhetorical style and rhythmic sound.
Madani Surahs
The Prphet (SAW) moved to Madina
Madina Surahs emphasized on establishing Islamic laws, ethics, morals, family laws, monetary transactions, and relationship of Islam and Muslims with other world religions.
Every Surah in which a permission of jihad or a description of its injunctions has been given is Madani
Every verse which mentions the hypocrites is Madani
Surahs with arguments with the People of the Book (Jews, Christians)
General Rules
The desicion of a Surah being Makki or Madani is made only by authntic finding that the companions
The desicion of Makki or Madani is possible only by authentic findings of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad who witnessed the period of revelation of these chapters.
Most of the time the whole Surah is Makki/Madani, but sometimes some ayahs are not the same
Tarbiya Theme
One of the Tarbiya themes is to stay positive and open minded. The Prophet (SAW) had to leave his home town and go somewhere new and leave behind a place he loved. Yet, he was very positive and always looked on the bright side of things.
By: Safa Joz & Fatima Wasi
He left Makka and went to Madina
The Prophet (SAW) built Masjid An-Nabawi in Madina
Thank You
Full transcript