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Body Systems

By: Zsofia Balogh and Ashley Bruton
by

Zsofia Balogh

on 12 April 2014

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Transcript of Body Systems

By: Zsofia Balogh and Ashley Bruton
Body Systems
Skeletal System
The 5 Functions:
Provides shape and support
Enables you to move
Protects your internal organs
Stores minerals and fat
Produces blood cells
Muscular System
Circulatory System
Structure: The circulatory system is made up of the heart, blood vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries), and blood.
Respiratory System
Structure: Made of the lungs, nose, trachea, pharynx, larynx, and bronchi.
Digestive System
Structure: Made of the teeth, mouth, liver, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, large intestine, small intestine, rectum, and anus.
Nervous System
Structure: Composed of the brain, spinal cord, and all other nerves throughout the body.
Structure: There are 275 bones in an infant and 206 in an adult. There's the femur, ribs, cranium, maxilla, patella, clavicle, and much more, but all of these are bones.
Systems It Works With:
The skeletal system works with the muscular system to help us move.
The skeletal system also works with the circulatory system because the skeletal system makes blood cells and the circulatory system uses those blood cells.
Diseases:
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones are weak and break easily.
Arthritis is when the joints in your bones are damaged.
Endocrine System
Integumentary System
Excretory System
The 1 Function:
Carries needed substances to cells and waste from cells.
Carries oxygen and glucose to cells.
Carries carbon dioxide from cells to lungs.
Systems It Works With:
The circulatory system works with the respiratory system because when we breathe the circulatory system delivers oxygen to the lungs.
The circulatory system transports the hormones of the endocrine system to places in the body.
The 2 Functions:
Moving oxygen into the body from the outside environment.
Removing carbon dioxide and water from the body.
Systems It Works With:
The respiratory system is protected by the skeletal system. The skeletal system keeps the lungs from getting injured.
The respiratory system works with the muscular system because the diaphragm is the muscle that allows us to breathe.
Diseases:
Asthma is a disease when your respiratory system reduces airflow in the lungs and it is hard to breathe.
Pneumonia is when you have an infection in the lungs. It can be very intense causing you to go to the hospital or it can be mild to moderate.
Structure: The muscular system is made of many muscles and tissues. Some muscles are the biceps, triceps, deltoids, hamstrings, and quadriceps. There are 3 types of muscles: smooth muscle, skeletal muscle, and cardiac muscle.
The 3 Functions:
Enabling us to move
Moving food through digestion
Pumps blood
The 3 Functions:
Break down the food into molecules the body can use
Absorption of nutrients into the blood
Elimination of waste
The 3 Functions:
Receives information
Responds to stimuli
Maintains stable internal conditions
Structure: Made of the hypotha
lamus, ovaries, testes, parathyroid gland, hormones, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, adrenal gland, and the pancreas.
Transports cells that fight diseases.
Transports cells that fight diseases.
Diseases:
Crohn's Disease is when you have an irritation in the digestive tract. Crohn's Disease can affect how children develop and grow.
Diarrhea is a very common disease when someone has loose or liquid bowel movements many times a day.
Diseases:
Congestive Heart Failure is when the heart can't pump enough blood that is needed by the body.
Arrhythmia is a disease when your heartbeat is either too fast or too slow.
Diseases:
Dermatomyositis is when there is a disease in your connective tissue and causes your muscles to be weak.
Cerebral Palsy is a disease where somebody's posture, balance and motor functions are damaged.
Diseases:
Parkinson's Disease is a disease when a group of cells in the mid - brain area die. This causes you to lose balance, have tremors, have stiff muscles, and you become slow.
Alzheimer's Disease is when important brain chemicals reduce in number and cause extreme memory loss.
The 2 Functions
Controls many of the body's daily activities
Regulates mood, growth and development
Diseases:
Diabetes is very common and is when blood sugar or glucose level goes too high.
Addison's Disease is when you don't have the necessary amount of hormones needed.
Structure: Made of the skin, hair, and nails
The 4 Functions:
Acts as a barrier: keeps germs out and fluids in
Blocks out sunlight and makes vitamin D
Sense of touch
Controls body temperature
Structure: Made up of the kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, aorta, and adrenal gland
The 3 Functions:
Collects waste produced by cells
Removes waste from the body
Maintains homeostasis by keeping the body free of toxins and harmful materials
Systems It Works With:
The muscular system works with the digestive system because when food goes down the esophagus, it is pushed by muscular contractions called peristalsis.
Also, it works with the respiratory system because when you breathe, the diaphragm moves up and down allowing us to breathe. The diaphragm is a muscle.
Systems It Works With:
The digestive system works with the excretory system because everyone has to get rid of what they eat eventually.
In addition, the nervous system helps the digestive system because it helps you know when you're hungry.
Systems It Works With:
The nervous system works with the all of the systems because it is the control center of the body. It is made of the brain which gives out instructions to all systems in the body.
Systems It Works It:
The endocrine system works with the integumentary system because since it regulates body temperature, the skin on the integumentary system has goosebumps when cold.
The endocrine system also works with the nervous system because the nervous system sends out signals when a person is in danger, so the endocrine system triggers adrenaline.
Diseases:
Nephrosis is a disease in the kidneys. There is a malfunctioning and this causes your urine to be foamy.
Urethritis is when you have an inflammation in your urethra.
Diseases:
Alopecia Areata is when your hair follicles are affected in a way where hair is lost in certain parts of the body, mostly your scalp. This causes baldness or bald spots.
Athlete's Foot is a disease in which you have a fungal infection on your skin causing itching. This usually happens on your feet, but can affect other parts of the body too.
Systems It Works With:
The excretory system works with the digestive system because the digestive system produces most of the waste in the body.
The nervous system works with the excretory system because it signals when you have to get rid of the waste you produced.
Systems It Works With:
The integumentary system works with all of the systems because it is made of the largest organ in the body, which is skin. Skin protects your internal organs and systems. Also, this system keeps germs from entering the body, which helps the other systems from getting an inflammation or infection.
Sources:
Structure and Function: Our science notes over the systems the and our diagrams with the parts of the systems labeled.
Systems It Works With: Our science notes, www.buzzle.com, and www.ehow.com
Diseases and Disorders: www.buzzle.com
Pictures: www.googleimages.com
We also used the WebPath Express on our school's library website
Thanks for watching! We hope you enjoyed this Prezi and learned something new today!
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