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Comparative and superlative adjectives

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Carlos Delgado

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Comparative and superlative adjectives

Comparative adjectives
Why do we use it?
The comparative form of an adjective is used for comparing two people or things (e.g., he is taller than me).

There are three main kinds of comparative forms:

Comparative of superiority

Comparative of equality

Comparative of inferiority
Comparative of superiority
This kind of comparative is used when we have an element that somehow possess "more" of a certain characteristic. to form this comparative we need to follow certain rules:

As in everything, every rule has its exceptions in this case we have two and these are:
Comparative of equality
In these case we compare two elements which possess the same amount of a certain characteristic.
In here we use the expression as + adjective + as

slim - as slim as
funny - as funny as
talkative - as talkative as
sympathetic - as sympathetic as
peaceful - as peaceful as
Comparative of inferiority
In this comparative, one of the elements possess an inferior amount of a certain feature.
The structure used in this comparative is less + adjective + than

attractive - less attractive than
polite - less polite than
complicated - less complicated than
clean - less clean than
expensive - less expensive than
Remember! When we need to compare two elements we can use any of these comparative forms.

Comparative of superiority
Comparative of equality
Comparative of inferiority

Now lets work on some exercises!
One-syllable adjectives
Most adjectives in this category just add -er at the end to form the comparative.

tall - taller than
short - shorter than
high - higher than
clean - cleaner than
new - newer than

One-syllable adjectives which have 1 consonant at the end and only 1 vowel double the last consonant.

big - bigger than
fit - fitter than
Two-syllable adjectives
Some two-syllable adjectives also follow the rule of adding -er at the end, these are:

Two or more syllables adjectives
Most adjectives with two or more syllables just add the particle "more" before the adjective which remains unchanged.

careful - more careful than
difficult - more difficult than
intelligent - more intelligent than
beautiful - more beautiful than
Adjectives ending in -y. in this case we replace -y with -i and then add -er at the end.

happy - happier than
funny - funnier than
dirty - dirtier than
Adjectives ending in -er, -le, -ow.

clever - cleverer than
simple - simpler than
narrow - narrower than
Adjectives that can use
"-er" or "more".
clever - cleverer than - more clever than
stupid - stupider than - more stupid than
quiet - quieter than - more quiet than
polite - politer than - more polite than
pleasant - pleasanter than - more pleasant than
likely - likelier than - more likely than
sure - surer than - more sure than
subtle - subtler than - more subtle than
common - commoner than - more common than
Irregular adjectives
These are adjectives that do not follow any of the rules mentioned previously.

good - better than
bad - worse than
far - farther than
much - more than (uncountable nouns)
many - more than (countable nouns)
little - less than
little - smaller
Full transcript