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Katerina Kociski

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of Citizenship

Citizenship in Athens and Rome
What is citizenship?
Document A
1. What was required for an adult male to become a citizen of Athens? A Roman male?

An Athenian male had to have free-born Athenian parents

An adult Roman had to have parents married in certain areas of the Roman Empire.
Who can be a citizen?
a person who owes loyalty to a country and receives certain rights in return
2. Could women become citizens in Athens and Rome? Could slaves?

In Athens, no.

In Rome, Yes, but without the right to vote or hold government office.

3. What type of slaves could become citizens in Rome?
4. In which society were children granted citizenship?

Document B
1. What is The Old Oligarch main idea when he says it is the steersman and the shipwrights (ship-builders) who have brought the city-state power?
Athens did not depend on the rich and social elite for its power. Instead, it depended on the everyday work of ordinary people.
2. What is the significance of the fact that Athens allowed a poor and common man to win a position in the government, "by lot" ?
You win by luck.

Athens had confidence that common, ordinary people were capable of doing government jobs.

*This shows that Athens had a belief in democracy.
3. Do you think this was a wise practice by the Athenians? Explain.
"Wise"- Gave many Athenian free males a stake in the city-states well being.

"Unwise"- Men with no skills would be in office and the city-state fair will suffer.
Document C
1. According to Claudius, what was the ruin of Athens?
Athens did not grant citizenship to foreigners.
2. The document says that Romans sometimes gave away citizenship rights in measured amounts. Use an example to explain what this means.
FOEDERATI- States with treaty obligations with Rome

PEREGRINI- Foreigners in conquered lands.
Document E
1. What percent of male citizens in Athens could vote in the Assembly?

3. Assume that the scene in the drawing is reasonably accurate. Does it strengthen or weaken an argument that Athens had a better system if citizenship than Rome? Explain.

Document F
1. How many served in the Roman Senate? How long was the usual term of service in the Roman Senate?
About 300 men; for life.
2. What two things were the people in the Roman Senate responsibilities for?
War policy and control of public lands.
3. When did the senate gain fall governing power in Rome?
Citizenship in Athens and Rome: Which was the Better System?
___ had the better system of citizenship
paragraph 2
Paragraph 3
paragraph 4
Exit Pass:
If you could go back in time, which system would you choose to become a citizen in? Explain why.
Overview: The right to be a citizen of a country is not a modern idea. In fact, the laws for being a citizen in the United States today trace back thousands of years to ancient Athens and Rome.
Sons of freed slaves
5. In your opinion, which system, Athens or Rome, was more generous in granting citizenship to its people? Give two reasons using the chart.
more generous to women
children of both genders
sons of freed slaves
3. How could you use this document to argue that Rome had a better system of citizenship than Athens?
Rome was more generous with its citizenship. This would build up a larger loyalty base to help the empire grow.
Document D
1. What did it mean when Athenians ostracized a fellow citizen?
To remove a person from Athens for 10 years (Exile). NO, lower his position if he had risen to high.
2. What was the job of the censors in conducting the census of the Roman population?
Rank population into district classes (wealth, heritage, marital status, etc.)
3. Judging from the two passages in this document, who had the better system of citizenship, the Athenians or the Romans? Explain.
Athens- Each citizen could participate in ostracizing another person (democratic)

Rome- Two censors had power to determine citizenship (dictatorship)
2. Judging by the illustration, what generalization can you make about the attendance of Athenian citizens at assembly meetings?
Many people attended assembly meetings and were involved in government affairs.
Democratic- People feel comfortable being there, but it could get chaotic and ineffective.
Third Century BCE
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