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Transcript of Jackson Pollock
Famous Paintings Sold at Auctions
* Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956), known as Jackson Pollock, was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
* He had a volatile personality, and struggled with alcoholism for most of his life.
* Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming in 1912, the youngest of five sons. His parents, Stella May McClure and Leroy Pollock, grew up in Tingley, Iowa.
He enrolled at Los Angeles' Manual Arts High School, from which he was expelled, after having been expelled another high school in 1928.
In 1930, following his brother Charles Pollock, he moved to New York City where they both studied under Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League of New York.
Benton's rural American subject matter shaped Pollock's work only fleetingly, but his rhythmic use of paint and his fierce independence were more lasting influences.
Boomtown, 1927 –1928
Poker Night (from “A Streetcar Named Desire”), 1948.
Wreck of the Ole 97 Train 1943
Thomas Hart Benton's Works
* In attempts to fight his alcoholism, from 1938 through 1941 Pollock underwent Jungian psychotherapy with Dr. Joseph Henderson and later with Dr. Violet Staub de Laszlo in 1941-1942.
*It has been hypothesized that Pollock might have had bipolar disorder.
* In October 1945 Pollock married American painter Lee Krasner, and in November they moved to what is now known as the...
Pollock-Krasner House and Studio
*There he perfected the technique of working with paint with which he became permanently identified.
* He was introduced to the use of liquid paint in 1936 at an experimental workshop operated in New York City by the Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros.
* After his move to Springs, he began painting with his canvases laid out on the studio floor, and he developed what was later called his "drip" technique, turning to synthetic resin-based paints called alkyd enamels, which, at that time, was a novel medium.
* Pollock described this use of household paints, instead of artist’s paints, as "a natural growth out of a need." He used hardened brushes, sticks, and even basting syringes as paint applicators.
*Pollock's technique of pouring and dripping paint is thought to be one of the origins of the term action painting.
* One possible influence on Pollock was the work of the Ukrainian American artist Janet Sobel (1894–1968) (born Jennie Lechovsky). Sobel's work is related to the so-called "drip paintings" of Jackson Pollock.
Untitled (1946) Janet Sobel
*In 1956, Time magazine dubbed Pollock "Jack the Dripper" as a result of his unique painting style.
* In the process of making paintings in this way, he moved away from figurative representation, and challenged the Western tradition of using easel and brush. He also moved away from the use of only the hand and wrist, since he used his whole body to paint.
His technique combined the movement of his body, over which he had control, the viscous flow of paint, the force of gravity, and the absorption of paint into the canvas.
* Pollock's most famous paintings were made during the "drip period" between 1947 and 1950. He rocketed to popular status following an August 8, 1949 four-page spread in Life magazine that asked, "Is he the greatest living painter in the United States?" At the peak of his fame, Pollock abruptly abandoned the drip style.
In 1951, Pollock had
moved to a more commercial gallery and there was great demand from collectors for new paintings. In response to this pressure, along with personal frustration, his alcoholism deepened.
* In 1955, Pollock painted Scent and Search which would be his last two paintings.
* On August 11, 1956, at 10:15 pm, died in a single-car crash in his Oldsmobile convertible while driving under the influence of alcohol.
Jackson Pollock's and Lee Krasner's Graves
Pollock's mistress Ruth Kligman
No.5 1948- $140 million
No.19 1948- $58.4 million
No.4 1951- $40.4 million
No.11 1952- $2 million
No. 12 1949- $11.7 million
No.28 1951- $23 million
Art historian Henry Adams contends that Pollock created Mural 1943 around his name, discernible as camouflaged letters.
* Pollock's work after 1951 was darker in color, including a collection painted in black on unprimed canvases. This was followed by a return to color, and he reintroduced figurative elements.
BY: ANGELO MIGUEL DINGLE SANCHEZ