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Introduction to Ecosystems
Transcript of Introduction to Ecosystems
What is an ecosystem?
Interaction between all living and non-living things in an area
Two Parts of an Ecosystem:
1. The Living Things
Made of all the physical elements in the area
1. Flora: Plant life
Living things interact with their environment
Different Types of Ecosystems
Has a lot of trees in one area
Gets less than 25 cm of rain each year
Covers 70% of the Earth's surface
Very few trees
A lot of wide space covered in grass
Can find: giraffes, lions, prairie dogs
Low amounts of salt in the water
Different types: lakes, rivers, and wetlands
Can find: dragonflies, catfish, ducks, lilies
All have rapid changes in altitude, climate, soil, and vegetation
Found in high elevation
Can find: mountain goats, llamas, fern
the beginning of the food chain
Eats the primary consumer
Can eat the primary or secondary consumer
Eats anything that dies
seen in the video
Large ecosystems (ex. forest) can have smaller ecosystems (ex. leaf)
Also called biomes
2. The Environment
2. Fauna: Animal life
Includes: air, water, soil, sunlight, temperature, and climate
Different types of forests (ex. taiga, rain forest, dry forest)
Home to many different plants and animals (ex. moose, bears, acorns)
Has little or no plants
Very hot days and very cold nights
Can find camels, cactus, lizards, and scorpions
Diverse plant and animal life
Different ecosystems found (ex. deep ocean and shallow ocean)
Can find: dolphins, plankton, algae
plants and vegetables
get their food from ________
organisms that eat plants
Turns everything to soil
What ecosystem do you see? Explain.
What ecosystem do you see?
In which ecosystem does this animal live? Explain.