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Israel and Palestine: Part 2

Part 2 of GOVT 160's discussion of the Israeli-Palestinian debate, beginning with the Six Days' War.

Andrea Peterson

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Israel and Palestine: Part 2

The Arab-Israeli Conflict 1967: The Six-Day War Water dispute
Samu Incident/West Bank
Tensions with Syria
UN Peacekeepers leave
Closing of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli ships Issues leading up to it: NPR Journalist Mike Shuster:
"Israel was surrounded by Arab states dedicated to its eradication. Egypt was ruled by Gamal Abdel Nasser, a firebrand nationalist whose army was the strongest in the Arab Middle East. Syria was governed by the radical Baathist Party, constantly issuing threats to push Israel into the sea." War Major fronts:
Gaza Strip
West Bank
Golan Heights
Air and Sea Conclusions:
Israel "won"through pre-emptive strikes and decisive air attacks
Israel wanted to propose peace by returning Sinai and Golan Heights; the message was to be conveyed through the U.S., but the U.S. was never given the go-ahead to transmit the information
Egypt, Syria, and Jordan left humiliated and prepared for a second war. The Yom Kippur War The 3 "No"s: No recognition
No peace
No negotiation The War of Attrition: A 1969 attempt at exhausting Israeli resources; died with Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1970. Yom Kippur:
day of atonement for sins.
Sabbath of Sabbaths
Leviticus 23:27 decrees that Yom Kippur is a strict day of rest.
Six additional prohibitions are traditionally observed, as detailed in the Jewish oral tradition:
No eating and drinking
No wearing of leather shoes
No bathing or washing
No anointing oneself with perfumes or lotions
No marital relations
No dealing with money Despite knowledge of possible attack, Golda Meir did not pre-emptively attack
Egypt attempted to attack during a day of peace for Jewish Israelis through the Suez Canal
Had greater impact; this became a showdown of two bigger allies: the US and the USSR
Fear of nuclear escalation Israeli-Arab relations, 1978-2000 Egypt: Camp David Accords
Jordan: Peace Agreement
Lebanon: Continued tensions
Palestinians: Oslo Accords required Israeli authorities to recognize the PLO as a legitimate voice for Palestinians; at the same time, the PLO had to recognize Israeli statehood and renounce terrorism Recent Issues Two-State Solution? UN Ceasefires? Settlements? Terrorism? Aid for Gazans? Lebanon? League of Arab States
Full transcript