Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Physical Development

No description
by

Danella Santana

on 22 October 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Physical Development

Physical Development
through the Curriculum



GROSS MOTOR ACTIVITIES
Physical Fitness
Fine Motor Activities Manipulative
Puzzles - Jigsaw, Shapes
How are the
components
of
gross and fine motor
development and
sensory- perceptual
development and
how do these
develop?
How can you
best promote

healthy physical
development ?
What can you do
promote
a
healthy

lifestyle
for the children in your care?
How do you
incorporate
nutrition
and

health
concepts into the
curriculum
?
QUESTIONS
DEVELOPMENTAL FRAMEWORK FOR MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Gross motor development




Fine motor development



Sensory-perceptual
Development




Maturational theory


Perceptual motor model


Skills involving the small muscles of the fingers and hands necessary for such task as writing, drawing, or buttoning.
Giving meaning to information that comes through the senses.
Explanation of human development dependent on information about when children achieves specific skills.
Theoretical view of physical development that holds that motor behaviors are prerequisites for and lead cognitive abilities.
Components of Motor Development
Manual Control
Sensory-Perceptual
Development



Outdoor Play


Games-Lotto, Bingo, Picture Dominoes
Construction Toys- Magnetic Blocks, Snap Bloks, Legos
Small Blocks- Wood Table Blocks
Miscellaneous Manipulatives
Supporting Physical Development

Infants and Toddlers
School- age Children
Children with Disabilities
Sensory Activities
Caring for the Body
Sensory Concepts
Health
Safety



Blocks



Body Control
Walking
Running
Jumping
Hopping
Throwing
Balancing
Important Elements
Pincer Grasp
Self-Help Skills
Holding Grip
Palmar Grasp

Tripod Grasp
The Senses
Taste
Smell
Sight

Hearing
Touch
Kinesthetic Sense
Perceptual Development
Suggestions:
Environment
Equipment
Enthusiasm
Attitude
Involving the large muscles of the legs, arms,back, and shoulders, necessary for such tasks as running, jumping and climbing.
Manipulative
are
sensory materials
, involving visual and tactical discrimination . They
require skill
in coordinating the eyes with what the hands do.

Manipulative
can
reinforce

concepts
such as color, shape, patterning, sequencing, and grouping.

Manipulative Toys
are
self-correcting
, they help a child develop
self-confidence
and they can contribute to a child's attention span and satisfaction.
Types of Manipulative
Self-help skills
such as eating and dressing can be refined with the aid of toys such as:

Dress up dolls, art materials, books, small figures, small vehicles, and manipulatives.

Since
new skills are not easily
acquired later in life, the encouragement of
play and the reuse of evolved physical skills
that were acquired from youth is important.

Motor proficiency
should be challenged through
newly acquired academic skills.


Participation should be encouraged
.

- children with a
visual impairment
should take part in
activities that use the large muscles
of the the body.

- children with
behavior, social
, or emotional disorders should take
part in physical activities
to burn off excess energy and or frustration.

- with
consistent motor activities
a child should be able to
acquire stamina, coordination, and bodily awareness.


Sensory actives
reinforce and
encourage new learning
.
They are also
crucial
for
brain development
.
They tend to be child favorites.

Activities that are hands-on
provide children with experience when they
push, pull, mouth, drop, throw, stand up, and knock down objects.


It is important for children to gather information through other means other than through visual activities. The following are a few examples.

Touch Identification - Have a child reach into a bag/box and have them feel around.

Hearing Identification - have a child listen to a tape and nave them identify various common sounds.

Smell Identification - have a child blindfolded and have them smell various common foods.

Taste Identification - while blindfolded have a child taste various common foods.

In addition the integration of more than one sense can also be promoted in a cross-modal inter-sensory activity.




- the activity should be matched to the children
- safety is important
- the recipe should have enough step so that all the children can participate
- children can be helped to understand the entire process
- the activity should focus on food
- the importance of hygiene and cleanliness should be stressed
- cooking provides a good cultural link

Through repeated experience and routines a child can learn to understand the importance of safety and why rules must be followed.

Discussions and activities can heighten the awareness about dental and medical care.
Activities
should be devised which
help
a toddler grasp, push, pull, throw, and drop objects.
Outdoor activities
should be made safe which should also
promote challenge
.
Toddlers
need
room to
develop fine motor skills.

Contraptions
should be moved to allow an environment that
encourages coordination.
Children are

drawn
to
water and sand activities.

These types of activities entice children and enhance
sensory stimulation
.

Activities that use s
ight, hearing, and touch
are considered
sensory
.
A child
learns

trough sensor
y thus being important.

An early child program should help lay the foundation for good health habits. Since food provides great pleasure nutrition concepts and cooking experiences should be part of the curriculum.

Nutrition
The following are some basic concepts about nutrition that can help children better understand the importance of good health.

-children need good food to grow and be healthy
- food contains nutrients which are good for us
- different foods provide different nutrients, therefore we need to eat different kinds of foods.
- foods come in many shapes and sizes, colors, textures, and smells
- food can be categorized in many ways, such as grains, bread, vegetables, meats, and dairy products.
- etc.




Cooking
In addition to this, cooking is a multi sensory activity.
Cooking helps reinforce concepts related to nutrition, mathematics, science, and literacy.
The following are guidelines to keep in mind when planning activities since not all are appropriate.
Most importantly, a child with acquired health & safety information can prevent accidents when a they are engaged in fine motor skills.
PHYSICAL
Danella Santana
Efrain Chavez
Using thumb and forefinger adeptly
Such as feeding, dressing and grooming
Multisensory
Sensory Integration
Full transcript