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Transcript of Physical Development
through the Curriculum
GROSS MOTOR ACTIVITIES
Fine Motor Activities Manipulative
Puzzles - Jigsaw, Shapes
How are the
gross and fine motor
how do these
How can you
What can you do
for the children in your care?
How do you
concepts into the
DEVELOPMENTAL FRAMEWORK FOR MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Gross motor development
Fine motor development
Perceptual motor model
Skills involving the small muscles of the fingers and hands necessary for such task as writing, drawing, or buttoning.
Giving meaning to information that comes through the senses.
Explanation of human development dependent on information about when children achieves specific skills.
Theoretical view of physical development that holds that motor behaviors are prerequisites for and lead cognitive abilities.
Components of Motor Development
Games-Lotto, Bingo, Picture Dominoes
Construction Toys- Magnetic Blocks, Snap Bloks, Legos
Small Blocks- Wood Table Blocks
Supporting Physical Development
Infants and Toddlers
School- age Children
Children with Disabilities
Caring for the Body
Involving the large muscles of the legs, arms,back, and shoulders, necessary for such tasks as running, jumping and climbing.
, involving visual and tactical discrimination . They
in coordinating the eyes with what the hands do.
such as color, shape, patterning, sequencing, and grouping.
, they help a child develop
and they can contribute to a child's attention span and satisfaction.
Types of Manipulative
such as eating and dressing can be refined with the aid of toys such as:
Dress up dolls, art materials, books, small figures, small vehicles, and manipulatives.
new skills are not easily
acquired later in life, the encouragement of
play and the reuse of evolved physical skills
that were acquired from youth is important.
should be challenged through
newly acquired academic skills.
Participation should be encouraged
- children with a
should take part in
activities that use the large muscles
of the the body.
- children with
, or emotional disorders should take
part in physical activities
to burn off excess energy and or frustration.
consistent motor activities
a child should be able to
acquire stamina, coordination, and bodily awareness.
encourage new learning
They are also
They tend to be child favorites.
Activities that are hands-on
provide children with experience when they
push, pull, mouth, drop, throw, stand up, and knock down objects.
It is important for children to gather information through other means other than through visual activities. The following are a few examples.
Touch Identification - Have a child reach into a bag/box and have them feel around.
Hearing Identification - have a child listen to a tape and nave them identify various common sounds.
Smell Identification - have a child blindfolded and have them smell various common foods.
Taste Identification - while blindfolded have a child taste various common foods.
In addition the integration of more than one sense can also be promoted in a cross-modal inter-sensory activity.
- the activity should be matched to the children
- safety is important
- the recipe should have enough step so that all the children can participate
- children can be helped to understand the entire process
- the activity should focus on food
- the importance of hygiene and cleanliness should be stressed
- cooking provides a good cultural link
Through repeated experience and routines a child can learn to understand the importance of safety and why rules must be followed.
Discussions and activities can heighten the awareness about dental and medical care.
should be devised which
a toddler grasp, push, pull, throw, and drop objects.
should be made safe which should also
develop fine motor skills.
should be moved to allow an environment that
water and sand activities.
These types of activities entice children and enhance
Activities that use s
ight, hearing, and touch
y thus being important.
An early child program should help lay the foundation for good health habits. Since food provides great pleasure nutrition concepts and cooking experiences should be part of the curriculum.
The following are some basic concepts about nutrition that can help children better understand the importance of good health.
-children need good food to grow and be healthy
- food contains nutrients which are good for us
- different foods provide different nutrients, therefore we need to eat different kinds of foods.
- foods come in many shapes and sizes, colors, textures, and smells
- food can be categorized in many ways, such as grains, bread, vegetables, meats, and dairy products.
In addition to this, cooking is a multi sensory activity.
Cooking helps reinforce concepts related to nutrition, mathematics, science, and literacy.
The following are guidelines to keep in mind when planning activities since not all are appropriate.
Most importantly, a child with acquired health & safety information can prevent accidents when a they are engaged in fine motor skills.
Using thumb and forefinger adeptly
Such as feeding, dressing and grooming