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FLUTE

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by

Tarnbir Aulakh

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of FLUTE

By: Tarnbir and Zafir FLUTE What Instrument family does the flute belong to? When and where was the flute invented? How does the flute work? There are and were many great combined perfomers and composers that play the flute.Flute players are called both flutist and flautist.
Some fluter perfomers and composers are...
Michel Blavet
Giulio Briccialdi
Jules Demersseman
Franz and Karl Doppler What are some performers/composer on the flute? The flute has 3 parts, top,middle and bottom.
The top is called the head joint. It has No keys, a Tenon, lip plate, and Crown.
Middle joint is called the body joint. It has Keys and a Tenon
If keys are ever damaged the flute wouldn't produce the proper sound it is supposed to make.
The bottom joint is called the foot joint and it must be alligned with the body joint. What are the parts of a flute What sort ensembles of ensemblesdoes flutes play with? The Flute Timeline Why did you choose the flute? Zahfir picked flute because he plays it in music class, family members play it aswell, has interesting keys and notes and is fun to play.

Tarnbir chose flute because it has a unique sound and pitch, it's very historical and ancient, soothing melody and there are many different types of flutes and it has changed over time. How has the construction of the flute changed since it was invented and what are some modern innovations? The flute was invented in the 10th centuary and was originally played as a solo instrument. The flute has 5 sections. Middle ages was before the 12th centuary, that is the first time the flute devoloped in the construction. First in the middle ages there was only one hole besides the hole you blow in. Later on 3 holes were added to the flute. Then the flutes started to be constructed with humun or cylindrical bones instead of rocks, Because of this construction most flutes had air blown through mouths instead of the nose. The next section was in the mid 16th centuary called the renaissance time period. Most of the woodwind instruments at the time were remodeled. D# was added to the notes for the flute and this caused it to expand. Types of flutes like the handed, block and transverse flute were made up of the same material as in the middle ages. Flutes started to get a wider embrochure plate in order for the flute to be easier to blow.Later on flutes were made up of wood. Later on the Transverse flute had stop being made. The other section were between 1700-1800. The 4th is in th 1800 where Therobald Boehm rose above others making incredible devolopments. Like making more keys so there were 13. As well as the current day flute, the boehm flute. The final section was the tweinth centuary were the devolopment of the flute was simply acknolodged. The flute is a woodwind instrument because of the way a flute produces sound and the construction
Flutes are the oldest and have highest pitch out of all woodwinds. Different from other woodwinds because it is usually made of metal or steel. Also because it is a reedless instrument.Many other woodwinds are the clarinet, basoons,oboes and saxaphones. Woodwinds are always held to the side when playing. The original flutes were made between 900- 37,000 years bc. The modern day flute was invented in 1847 by Theorbald Boehm. They were made for many things like passing time, to tend animals (sheeps) and signal others for hunting. The flute also balances a orchestra and it creates harmonies. Flutes sound sends messages to the spirit world according to Aboriginals. Also to some other non- aboriginal believers of spirts. Early flutes were found in mainly Germany, Egypt, Northern France, China and India. The flute is a reedless instrument that sound is produced by blowing air into the hole located on the head joint.The air then flows across and exists through openings.You blow air across embouchure hole which is located on the embouchure plate. It is usually held horizontally when playing.
The key system is when keys are opened or closed, this changes the pitch by giving the air inside less or more space to release. This creates notes. If you blow fast a high pitch happens. If you blow slow then a deeper pitch is produced.Pressing or releasing keys determines the pitch. This is michel blavet's song Six Sonatas for 2 flutes This is Carnival of Venice composed by giulio briccialdi This is the song Sixeme Solo Concert composed by Jules demersseman Rigoletto Fantasie by Karl and Franz doppler for ochestra Flutes are mostly played as a solo or duo. If not then the flutist/flautist played in a Small flute ensemble, Concert bands, Ochestra.
Each have Their own specific criteria, Some criterias are similar to others.
Small flute emsembles need to have proper dynamics, sound unifed, proper arrangements and a conductor.
Concert bands need to have flutes that, sound high pitched, play both loud and fast and also need a conductor.
Orchestras need to have 3-5 flutes, conductor and need to sound high pitched and loud. Bibliography 35,000 years ago. 1500 1800 1900 Now. http://www.makingmusicfun.net/htm/f_mmf_music_library/hey-kids-its-a-flute.htm
http://www.dsokids.com/listen/instrumentdetail.aspx?instrumentid=21
http://www.beginband.com/sndclips/flute.mp3
http://www.phys.unsw.edu.au/jw/fluteacoustics.html
http://www.fluteworld.com/
http://johnranck.net/studio/clinic/practice_corner/links/composers.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flute_choir
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