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Pakistan

A presentation to high school students
by

Ahmed Khalid

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Pakistan

Culture
Introduction
Famous & Beautiful Places
Customs & Traditions
PAKISTAN
Games and Sports
Music
Cultural Dances
Food
Costumes
Foundation
Founded on 14th August 1947
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Capital City: Islamabad
Flag
Green: prosperity

White: peace

Crescent: progress

Star: light and knowledge
Area
796,095 sq km

36th largest in the world by area

8 times bigger than South Korea
Population
180,440,005

6th largest country by population

4 times more than South Korea
Major Agriculture
4th largest agricultural area in world
Cereals
Wheat (7th)

Cotton (4th)

Rice (14th)

Sugar Cane (5th)
Vegetables
Chickpea (2nd)


Onion (7th)
Fruits
Mangoes (4th)

Bananas

Apricot (6th)

Date Palm (5th)

Oranges (4th)

Apples
Languages
Climate
All four seasons
Monsoon Season
Summers
Up to 53 degrees
People travel to cold areas
Cold baths in rivers
Cotton Clothes
Autumn
Different color leaves
Cool weather
A lot of beautiful scenes
Winters
very cold in some cities
a lot of snow
as low as –24 degrees
people travel to hot cities
Spring
A lot of varities of flowers
650 different types atleast
Public Holidays
Independence Day (14th August)

Pakistan Day (23rd March)

Eid-ul-Fitr (4 days)

Eid-ul-Bakar (4 days)

Christmas (25th December)
General Concept
Food is more spicy as compared to Korea
Meal is usually eaten together with family
Chapati is used instead of Rice
A lot of sweet drinks
Different kinds of desserts
Chapaati / Roti
A round bread made by wheat flour

Used to eat meet and vegetables

Made differently in different cities
Meat
Chicken

Mutton (Goat, Sheep)

Beef

Birds (Turkey, Goose, Duck)

Deer, Camels etc.

Fish
Some Famous Dishes
Chicken Karahi

Mutton Handi

Biriyani

Mixed Vegetables

Aalo Qeema

Nihaari
BarBQ
Chicken Tikka

Seekh Kabab

Chapli Kabab

Grilled Lamb

Chicken Tandoori
Side Dishes
Channa Chaat

Fruit Cream

Dahi bhally

Samosa, Pakora
Dessert
Kheer

Savaiyan

Mithai (Laddoo; Jaman; Barfi)

Ras malai
Drinks
Lassi

Fruit Shakes and Juices

Falooda

Milk tea

Sardai (almond, milk, sugar and pistachio)
Division
Divided in 4 provinces and 2 self-governing territories
Punjab, Sarhad, Sindh, Balochistan
Gilgit, Kashmir
Mountains and Valleys
Daman-e-Koh
3600ft from sea level
K2
2nd highest peak in world
Peak elevation of 8,611 m
Nanga Parbat
9th highest peak in world
Peak elevation of 8,126 m
Neelum Valley
144 km long bow-shaped
Kaghaan Valley
155 km long
Lakes and Rivers
River Sawat
Lake Saiful mulook
altitude of 3,224 m
Manchar Lake
area of 520km square
Deserts
Cholistan Desert
Thar Desert, 7th largest in world
Thal Desert
Architectures
Tarbela Dam
Minar-e-Pakistan
Rose Garden
Faisal Mosque
Hiran Minar
Ancient Architectures
Balakot
Abbottabad
Naraan
Kashmir
Muree
Cities
Greeting
Salam Eleykum & Wa-eleykum Salam
Shake Hands
Hug on special occasion
Eating
Wash hands before and after eating
Sit on floor (dinning table is also used now)
With hands or spoon
Eat together, guests are served first.
Thank God before and after eating by saying Bismillah & Al-hamdulliah
No wasting
Other
Marriage
Engagement

Arranged Marriages like Korea

Dowry

Wedding Traditions

Three main festivals
Mehndi
Baraat
Walima
Mohenjodoro and Harappa
2600 BCE
Lahore Fort
over 20 hectares
Jihangeer’s Tomb
build in 1605
Religions
Islam 96%

Christianity 1.5%

Hinduism 1%

Other religions 1.5%
Literature
Poetry

Short Stories

Novels

History

Comedy
Calligraphy
Mostly for verses of Holy Book
Names of Kings
Architecture
Mosques
Tombs
Buildings
Structures
Some Legends
Dr. Abdus Salam (1926 – 1996)

Abdul Sattar Edhi (1928 - )

M M Alam, Little Dragon
(1935 - 2013)

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan
(1948 - 1997)
International Sports
Cricket
Hockey
4 times world champion
Soccer
Getting popular in young people
Starting to perform good in matches
Squash
22 times world champion
Hashim Khan
Jahangir Khan
Jansher Khan
2 times world champions
National Sports
Polo

Kabbadi

Boxing

Kushti

Swimming
Polo
Played on horses

Two teams

Score goals like soccer
Kabbadi
Kushti
Cultural Games
Gulli Danda (boys)

Bandar Killa (boys)

Luddo

Kokla Chapaaki (girls)

Camel Ride

Hopscotch (girls)

Skipping rope (girls)
National Dress
Shalwar Kameez
For men
For women
Official Dress
Dress Pant Shirt

Tie

Suit

Black Shoes
Wedding Dress
For men
For women
Some Provincial Changes
Bhangra
Famous Dances
Bhangra (Punjab)

Kathak

Jhumar (Balochistan)

Khattak Dance (NWFP)

Ho Jamalo (Sindh)
Khattak Dance
Traditional Instruments
Tabla

Dholak

Harmonium

Sitaar

Flute
Types of Music
Ghazal

Qawali

Movie

Pop

Rock
Some Famous Musicians
Noor Jahan
Atif Aslam
Rahat Fateh Ali Khan
Ali Zafar
Hadiqa Kiyani
More than 70 languages

National Language: Urdu

Official Language: English
Say “Alhamdullilah” when sneeze

Don’t smoke in front of elders

Drinking is prohibited

Loyalty to the family
Shalwar Kameez

Waistcoat

Jinnah Cap

Khoosa
Full transcript