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World of the Text: Translations

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on 30 August 2018

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Transcript of World of the Text: Translations

World of the Text: Translations
Translations of the Bible
Cover Page to 1st edition
King James Version

English Translations
1st English trans: Wycliffe, c. 1382
From Vulgate
Tyndale , c. 1526-1535
From Hebrew & Greek
King James Version (1611)

Formal Correspondence
Word for word
Three Types of Translation
1. Formal Correspondence
2. Dynamic Equivalent
3. Paraphrase
Dynamic Equivalence

Updating the language
One author vs. group of translators
Most accessible
Translation of a translation
Author inserts interpretation
The Message, Cottonpatch


5 God came down to look over the city and the tower those people had built.
 6-9 God took one look and said, "One people, one language; why, this is only a first step. No telling what they'll come up with next—they'll stop at nothing! Come, we'll go down and garble their speech so they won't understand each other." Then God scattered them from there all over the world. And they had to quit building the city. That's how it came to be called Babel, because there God turned their language into "babble." From there God scattered them all over the world.

A Paraphrase:
Gen 11: Tower of Babel (The Message)

NASB "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself."

NRSV: “…all people…”

Gender Inclusive Language:
John 12:32
NASB: Hear, my son, your father's instruction And do not forsake your mother's teaching…

NRSV: …my child…

Gender Inclusive Language: Proverbs 1:8
NRSV: “Whoever aspires to the office of bishop desires a noble task…He must manage his household well…He must not be a recent convert…”

Common English Bible (CEB):
...They should manage their own household well—they should see that their children are obedient...they should not be a recent convert.

1 Timothy 3:1-8
NAU I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea.

NJB I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deaconess of the church at Cenchreae.

NRSV …Phoebe, a deacon…

Romans 16:1

1 Corinthians 6:9: “Do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! Fornicators, idolaters, adulterers,
thieves, the greedy, drunkards, revilers, robbers—none of these will inherit the kingdom of God.”
What do the Words Mean?
KJV: 9 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the Kingdom of God? Be not deceived: Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers,
nor the effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,]

ESV: Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers,
nor men who practice homosexuality,

MSG: Don’t you realize that this is not the way to live? Unjust people who don’t care about God will not be joining in his kingdom.
Those who use and abuse each other, use and abuse sex, use and abuse the earth and everything in it,
don’t qualify as citizens in God’s kingdom.

RSV: Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither the immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers,
nor sexual perverts,
10 nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor robbers will inherit the kingdom of God.

What do the Words Mean?
KJV: God brought them out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn.

NAS:God brings them out of Egypt, He is for them like the horns of the wild ox.
What do the Words mean: Hesed?
ESV Psalm 17:7 Wondrously show your
steadfast love
, O Savior of those who seek refuge from their adversaries at your right hand.

KJV Psalm 17:7 Shew thy marvellous
, O thou that savest by thy right hand them which put their trust in thee from those that rise up against them.

NIV Psalm 17:7 Show the wonder of your
great love
, you who save by your right hand those who take refuge in you from their foes.

Others: mercy,
covenant love

John Wycliffe
William Tyndale
Miles Coverdale
King James I
Numbers 24:8

Keeps literary devices
Distorts meaning
Meaning for meaning
meaning over structure
Explains idioms and metaphors
Gender inclusive lang
More accessible
Rem (Hebrew) Monokerotos (Greek)
In your own words, how would you explain what a translator does?
What kinds of decisions do translators make when they translate the Bible into English?
What are your reactions to the role of the translator in giving you your Bible?
Full transcript