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The Rape of Nanking

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Dana Melchers

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of The Rape of Nanking

The Rape of Nanking Stage 1: Classification During the genocide the primary targets were Chinese solders, but the Japanese seemed to take a liking to helpless civilians. Close to 300,000 soldiers and civilian men, women and children had been murdered by the Japanese army that occupied the city beginning in December of 1937, and 300,000 is said to be a conservative estimate. The Japanese targeted really anyone who dared to be Chinese or oppose the imperial army in any way. Overview The Nanking Massacre or Nanjing Massacre, also known as the Rape of Nanking, was a mass murder and war rape that occurred during the six-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanking, the former capital of the Republic of China, on December 13, 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Stage 2: Symbolization Not much symbolization went on during this genocide. The few symbols that were found are: December of 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army marched into China's capital city of Nanking. Many women and girls were raped (the range was 8-80 years of age). Anyone who survived the rapes were considered “ruined” and declared unfit for society. Many of the Japanese army killed civilian men and solders by using them as bayonet practice, shooting practice, and setting them on fire. 1937 China They especially targeted:
Chinese P.O.W.'s (the Japanese viewed them as a threat)
Chinese women (Were thought to be there for the Japanese soldiers' sexual pleasure) sTAGE 4: oRGANIZATION The genocide was organized by sub- groups of the Japanese’s imperial army. Soldiers were motivated to perform these acts for promises of all the women they could rape and all the things that they could steal. Stage 3: Dehumanization They also:
-Mutilated fetuses of Chinese women
-Forced families to commit incest -Japanese soldiers and officers gang raping. Stage 5: Polarization Only the up most hate was broadcasted amongst the Japanese’s solders about the Chinese. There were tales of Chinese evil and treachery pared with the accusations that they were skittish, weak, and unfavorable. This was enough to ignite Japanese’s fury. The Chinese were forced to the outskirts of town where they were told to dig their own graves. Some were even forced to bury their fellow people alive. When the Chinese P.O.W.'s (men) were taken away from the center of Nanjing, and the women were left in the city separating the victims of the genocide. Stage 6: Preparation There were cases of Chinese being separated from the majority into facility where they would likely be tortured and killed later. Removing the Chinese men to the border of Nanjing. Stage 7: Extermination Many people were beheaded, burned, bayoneted, buried alive, or disemboweled. In the following six weeks, the occupying forces engaged in an orgy of looting and mass execution. The Japanese solders swept through China and its capital Nanking killing as many Chinese for any reason at all. The Japanese targeted and killed mainly women and girls which could prevent the rise of another generation. Some examples were:
-Raping and killing
-Killing contests
-Burning bodies dead or alive
-Pillaging houses
-Bayonet "practice" Stage 8: Denial To this day the Japanese government has refused to apologize for these as well as other WWII related war crimes. Some deny it ever happened. Many claim that any deaths were either justified militarily, accidental or isolated atrocities preformed by rogue. In September 1986, the Japanese education minister, Fujio Masayuki, referred to the Rape of Nanking as "just a part of war." In 1991, censors at the Ministry of Education "ordered textbook authorities to eliminate all reference to the numbers of Chinese killed during the Rape of Nanking because authorities believed there was insufficient evidence to verify those numbers" (Chang, The Rape of Nanking, p. 208). And General Nagano Shigeto, a Second World War veteran appointed justice minister in Spring 1994, told a Japanese newspaper that "the Nanking Massacre and the rest was a fabrication." Massacre of young children. Men used as bayonet practice.
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