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Proposals - ENG 103
Transcript of Proposals - ENG 103
People write proposals to explore problems and offer plans for solving those problems.
The aim of a proposal is to help readers understand the causes and effects of a problem and to persuade them that your plan offers the best solution.
First, make sure you fully understand the problem you are trying to solve.
When picking a topic, make sure you aren't trying to solve a problem that is too big.
You will need to do some research to fully understand your topic.
Identify and Analyze Causes of the Problem
Use a concept map to determine what you already know about the problem.
Solve the Problem
Start developing a plan to solve the problem.
Costs and Benefits of Your Plan
Identify the pros and cons of your plan, showing that the pros outweigh the cons.
Nothing is free. Something will need to be given up (ex. money, time, effort etc.) to put your plan into action.
State your topic and your purpose for writing the proposal.
Give background information on the topic and stress its importance.
2) Description of the Problems, its Causes, and its Effects.
Clearly describe the problem and stress its importance.
Explain the causes of the problem, providing plenty of support for your claims.
Discuss the effects of the problem if no action is taken. Problems usually grow worse over time. What will happen if your readers do nothing?
3) Description of Your Plan
Describe how the problem could be solved.
Be sure to tell your readers
to solve the problem, and
it should be done this way.
Explain your solution and give a good reason why this is the best approach to the problem.
Explain step-by-step how you would carry out your plan.
4) Costs and Benefits of Your Plan
Discuss the pros and cons of your plan.
Show your reader 2-5 benefits of your plan.
Show how the benefits outweigh the costs.
Restate your main claim
Restress the importance of the topic
End with a look to the future
Use Meaningful Headings
Designing Your Presentation
Headings should be meaningful and action-oriented.
Don't use headings such as "Problem" or "Plan."
Instead, use headings such as "Global Warming Problem" or "Introducing the Cool Campus Initiative."
Include Relevant Graphics
If you include a lot of data in your proposal, consider using a chart or a graph to illustrate that information.
Since proposals are designed to persuade others, you need to make sure that your presentation is well-written and nearly flawless.
Revising and Editing
A polished proposal will build your readers' confidence in you and your ideas, while inconsistencies and errors will undermine your argument.
Look for inconsistencies in content.
As you draft your proposal, your ideas about your topic will probably change.
Make sure your analysis of the problem matches your plan for solving it and that your introduction and conclusion are consistent with each other.
Get rid of extra stuff.
Look for places where you have added material that goes beyond what your readers need to know.
It is tempting to tell your readers everything you know about your topic, but cut any extra information they don't need.
Don't forget to proofread!
Typos and grammatical errors can make your readers doubt your ideas and can sabotage your entire proposal.
Read your proposal through carefully and try to correct all spelling and grammar errors.
A full paragraph of text on one slide is too much.
Use bullet points - about 3-5 per slide.
You should have between 10-15 slides.