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Our First Amendment: Right to Petition the Government
Transcript of Our First Amendment: Right to Petition the Government
the Government By Elmer Gonzalez, Jose Rodriguez, Janet Pineda By Elmer Gonzalez, Jose Rodriguez, Janet Pineda Purpose of the right Purpose of the right The Founding Fathers are the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Introducing the Founding Fathers
and the Constitution There were a total of 39 signers. Includes Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. The Constitution The Constitution is the highest law in the United States It was written in 1787 The Constitution It provides instructions for the government of the United States Creates things like the Presidency, the Congress, and the Supreme court The Amendments There is a difference between the Constitution and the amendments The amendments are additions or modifications to the Constitution. There are a total of 27 Amendments for the Constitution 1. Freedom of Religion, Assembly, Petition, Press, Opinion, and Speech (establishment & free exercise clause)
2. The freedom to bear arms
3. No military in your home except in war time
4. No unreasonable searches or seizures
5. The right to remain silent and not incriminate yourself, eminent domain, double jeopardy, right to grand jury, and "due process"
6. The right to a speedy, fair, and public trial, counsel/lawyer, notified of the cause for accusation
7. The right to a trial by jury in civil matters of $20 and over.
8. The right to fair fines and bail. No cruel and unusual punishment
9. Individual Rights. Rights that are not in the constitution are still rights delegated to citizens.
10. State Rights. Any right not given in the constitution is delegated to the states to legislate. 20. January 20th is the day that a new president takes office (lame duck)
21. It is no longer illegal to drink Alcohol. The 18th amendment is struck down.
22. A president can only have 2 terms in office.
23. Washington DC can vote for the president
24. You may not charge people money so that they can register to vote.
25. Lays down the rules for who becomes president if the president dies/resigns etc.
26. You can vote at the age of 18.
27. Congressmen cannot vote to give themselves a raise in the same term. 11. You cannot sue another state except with permission by that state's judicial system.
12. The electoral college must have two separate elections for president and vice president
13. Emancipation. All slaves are free.
14. Every foreign born citizen now has right to "due process"
15. All men get the right to vote - including ex-slaves
16. The Federal Income Tax is established
17. The people elect their own US senators
18. Alcohol is prohibited
19. Women get the right to vote Bill Of Rights The 27 Amendments "In practice, the correction, by allowance of the court, of an error committed in the progress of a cause. In all cases in the discretion of the court, for the furtherance of justice they may be made while the proceedings are in paper, that is, until judgment is signed, and during the term in which it is signed; for until the end of the term the proceedings are considered "in fieri", and consequently subject to the control of the court"
- Legal Definition of Amendment It also Prohibits certain powers to the states "No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility. No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of the Congress. No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay."
- The Constitution, Article 1, Section 10 Explanation: This section of the Constitution prohibits the states from several things. They cannot make their own money, or declare war, or do most of the other things prohibited to the Congress. They cannot tax goods from other states, nor can they have navies. The Amendment About Benjamin Franklin Born in January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts Became involved in civic affairs At 81 years old, oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence They created the Constitution. About Thomas Jefferson Born on Apr. 13, 1743 in what is now Albemarle County, Va. Became the third President of the United States after defeating John Adams Supported Lewis and Clark Expedition Died on July 4 1826 About George Washington Born on February 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County, Virginia Brilliant General during the American Revolution Elected first President of the United States Died in December 14, 1799 The Bill of Rights are the very first 10 amendments in the Constitution These amendments were created on September 25, 1789 proposed by James Madison. The bill's purpose is to protect the natural liberties of man, which they felt had been left out in the original Constitution. Our project involves the 1st amendment and the right to petition the government. In This Presentation... We will go over... The Founding Fathers & the Constitution The Amendments & Bill of Rights Our Section: The 1st Amendment & the right to petition the government Cases & Modern Use A petition is a written request that is signed by many people, and aimed to authority concerning any specific problem. A part of the 1st amendment, we have the right to petition our government if we feel unhappy or unsatisfied with their work. Right to Petition the Government The Founding Fathers felt it necessary to include this right after their own experiences when they tried to do the same with King George III, and failed. Court Case Historic Brown v. Louisiana (1966) 5 African American teens were arrested after a sit-in inside a library. They were charged with "intent to provoke breach of the peace." Modern Court Case Borough of Duryea v. Guarnieri (2011) After Charles Guarnieri's position as chief of police was terminated, he petitioned to get his job back. He took his petition to the Supreme Court. They were set free after the court ruled that they were under the protection of freedom to petition the government and peaceful assembly. The court denied his petition, claiming that Guarnieri was not under the protection of the first amendment. This was because the first amendment states that the petition must concern the public. In this case, the public did not care if Guarnieri got his job back. Our Right Today The right to petition the government has been used extensively from the civil rights movement into the 21st century. Today it is used for concerns about the environment, war and world hunger. It is very useful and effective right, a right we are guaranteed from birth. Thanks for your time! Famous writer and inventor.