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Education as a social institution
Transcript of Education as a social institution
The functionalist theory focuses on the ways that universal education serves the needs of society. Functionalists first see education in its manifest role: conveying basic knowledge and skills to the next generation. The role of education is one of socializing people into society's mainstream. (Durkheim) Functionalist roles of education:
transmission of core values and social control
Sorting (based on merit)
replacement of family
The purpose of education as maintaining social inequality and preserving the power of those who dominate society. Education has same functions as functionalist. See the educational system as perpetuating the status quo by dulling the lower classes into being obedient workers. Functionalists see education as a beneficial contribution to an ordered society Education as a social institution
Historically, American education served both political and economic needs, which dictated the function of education. Today, sociologists and educators debate the function of education. Three main theories represent their views: the functionalist theory, the conflict theory, and the symbolic interactionist theory. conflict theorist role of education many roles are the same as functionalist sorting is based upon class and ethnic division maintaining power structures creating a unjust work force for capitalism Symbolic interactionists
analysis of education only what they directly observe in the classroom.
focus on how teacher expectations influence student performance, perceptions, and attitudes. so what do sociologists
study in education? At the Macro Level work to identify how various social forces, such as politics, economics, culture, race,... creates variation in schools
(how do other social institutions effect
eduction?) At the micro level identify how variation in school practices lead to differences in individual-level student outcomes.
(How do schools with different teaching methods or practices, affect the individual students? One area sociologists might study more specifically is whether public or private education are "better". Private Public So whats the big deal? A divide in what? Gender Class Race Academics Opportunities Technology
extracurricular activities Higher standardized test scores Middle to upper class only 28% are minorities 64% minorities in America Free Paid for by taxes Avg. cost of NAIS $17,500
Non member $11,000 diversity in class
Mainly lower to middle class Activities, athletics, and extracurricular based on state funding
available Athletics, extracurricular, and activities paid for by tuition and/or out of pocket Technology also based on funding Technology based on funding but also donations Higher college acceptance rates (http://www.capenet.org/facts.html) (http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/cats/education.html) from 1970 to 2010
about 50% male and female
in high school From 1970 to 2010 about 65% male and 35% female