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assessing the curriculum: Tools to assess curriculum
Transcript of assessing the curriculum: Tools to assess curriculum
WHAT ARE ASSESSMENT STRATEGIES?
are the structures through which student knowledge and skills are assessed.
Tools to Assess Curriculum
1. Pencil-and-paper strategy
2. performance based strategy
4. personal communication
7. combination of strategies
Characteristics of an essay
* measures a student's ability
* includes a scoring plan which specifies attributes for a quality answer and indicates value associated with each of the attributes
* affords the student a chance to construct his/he answer,demonstrating creativity and/or originality
The teacher uses professional judgment to develop the problem, question, or statement and the scoring of the final product.
* the essay is less time-consuming to construct compared to objective item using, but can require considerable time to evaluate
* essay is issued to assess separately the student's ability to communicate ideas, write proficiently and comprehend context
Considerations in Essay
- is a pencil-and-paper assessment where a student constructs response to a question, topic, or brief statement.
- is pencil-and-paper assessment in which the student is to identify the one correct answer.
* can be administered to large numbers of students at the same time
* can be scored very quickly
* is stated in clear, simple language
- identifies the format
- selects the content to be covered
- designs the question
* the select responses is always influences by the student's ability to read and understand the items;
*can utilized computer and optical scanning to save time and effort with item development, item storage and retrieval, test printing and optical scan scoring.
The Performance-based Strategy
- is an assessment which requires students to demonstrate a skill or proficiency by asking them to create.
* can be diagnostic, formative or summative assessment
* uses ongoing feedback
* allows almost learners to participate successfully in varying degrees
* focuses on the process as well as the product
* provides contexts that have relevance to the students
- observes a student or group of students performing a specific task;
- shares with the student the responsibility of developing and organizing the performance task, and setting assessment criteria
* provides an excellent way to assess reasoning skills
* must have clearly defined criteria for the assessment
- is used to assess progress in tasks that require students to be actively engaged in an activity.
* is often used in the Arts
* is either an actual situation or a simulation
* are used to test a variety of skills
assesses how well a student performs a practice, behaviour or skill.
* may require student initiative and creativity
* may be a competition individual students or groups
* may be a collaborative project that students work on over time
THE OBSERVATIONAL STRATEGY
- is a process of systematically viewing and recording student behavior for the purpose of making programming decisions.
* can be used every day to assess students of different ages, across subject areas of strengths and in different settings;
* is structures wit a clear purpose and focus
- watches students responds to questions, study, complete assigned task;
- listens to students as they speak and discuss with others;
- observes nonverbal forms of communication;
- observes the student's performance, then records observations on recording devices
* observation are made using checklists, set of question, and/or a journal as a guide to ensure focused and systematic observation;
* observation are of the only assessment tool for demonstration;
* can be collected by audio tapes or videotapes;
Personal Communication Strategy
- is a formal or informal meeting between/among the teacher and student and/or parents.
* provides clear focus for discussion;
* may take place as the learner is exploring a new concept or topic;
* is brief, informal and occurs routinely
- comes to conference with prepared specific questions to be answered;
- gives individual feedback and clarifies misconceptions;
- focuses on the process of reasoning followed by student
* the conference can be part of collaborative learning planning and decision making;
* is assisted by prepared question;
* can be an extremely useful formative assessment strategy for students involved in major projects or independent studies