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Origins of the Legislative Branch

Where does the Legislative Branch come from?

Nick McKeever

on 15 September 2010

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Transcript of Origins of the Legislative Branch

Foundations of Congressional Power!!! The principles on which our congress was founded upon, come from the British Parliament. bicameral legislature bicameral: two house legislature Senate House of Representatives The question is.....
How will the representation be determined? the legislature is a group of elected officials: chosen by the people, to represent their needs in the lawmaking process And so two ideas came to the forefront of the debate... The Virginia Plan: called for representation to be based solely on population New Jersey Plan: Wanted equal representation for all states Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan Great Compromise: an agreement to make two houses of Congress. One with representation based on population (House of Representatives), the other with equal representation (Senate) by the way, one other hugely important compromise was made in the Constitution pertaining to representation. 3/5th's Compromise: slaves owned in states where the institution is legal shall be considered as 3/5th's of a person when determining representation. Well, once that is considered, what other issues do they need to figure out? Well what about how long the representatives stay in power? Senators serve a 6 year term House of Representatives members serve a 2 year term The Senate is a continuous body: only 1/3 of the Senate is ever up for reelection. Why is that important? Lets go back and look at some more information about the House of Representatives! How do they determine the number of representation that each state gets? After each census (every 10 years), the number of seats in the H of R is reapportioned to show population growth/decline in the states There are currently 435 members in the H of R Has there always been that many? Within the states, each state is broken into congressional districts, and each member is responsible for their district and the people that live there: their constituency. Every census, district lines are redrawn to represent changes in population in that district, sometimes this is done to minimize the political power of certain minority groups or political parties. aka gerrymandering Well, what if John here wants to run for the U.S. House of Representatives... What are the qualifications? Well... Jon has to be:
25 years old
have been a U.S. citizen for at least 7 years
must actually live in the state he is running for
And they should probably live in the district they are running from :) By the way, it also helps to be rich, politically affiliated, male, and white anglo-saxon. And, I am sure you all know how many Senators there are.... 100 Well say that this lady actually wants to make use of her life.... and decides to become a U.S. Senator, can she? Well.....
Lindsay has to
be 30 years old
must have lived in the U.S. for 9 years
must have been an inhabitant in the state from which they are elected\
And Mr. McKeever needs to move to Ireland! Again, it also helps to be rich, politically affiliated, white, Protestant, and have a Law background moral of the story: SORRY LINDSAY!!!! But imagine.... You are a U.S. Senator.
How do you decide how to vote on things? There are 4 typical voting options for Senators and Representatives. 1. Trustee: each question/topic must be decided on by the merits of how does it fit into their beliefs and conscience 2. Delegate: believe they must vote how they think the people from their state/district would want them to vote 3. Partisans: vote however their political party would want them to vote 4. Politicos: attempt to combine the basic elements of the delegate, trustee, and partisan to weigh their decision So, lets move and explore what powers Lindsay and John could have if they won their elections!!!!
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