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Transcript of Loyalists
Loyalists fled to what is now known as Canada, these loyalist formed armies that fought with the British against the American revolution. The groups included; the Royal Yorkers, Jessup's Loyal Americans, and the most important of all, Butlers Rangers.
Butler's rangers were created by John Butler, he was a wealthy land owner from Mohawk Valley (central New York state) who lived with his son Walter. From childhood he dealt with Indians and learned many of their languages. He had fought in the French and Indian wars and contributed to the Native American success.
After the American Revolution, John Butler remained on the British side. He became a deputy in Niagara and recruited loyalists and Indians from the six nations to fight the Americans.
For their services to Britain, Butler's Rangers received land on the west bank of the Niagara river. John Butler then settled their instead of going back to the Americans where he stated that "I would rather go to Japan then go back to the Americans" .
John Butler was an important figure to the Loyalist and in Canadian history. The Loyalists migrated to many parts of Upper Canada which is now known as Ontario. They left because of the treaty of Paris in 1783 which had ended the American Revolution.
The Loyalists that had left the 13 colonies had only a few options of where to go. They went to either Britain, West Indies, or British North America. British North America was also known as Upper Canada. The places in Upper Canada they migrated to were Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Montreal, and P.E.I.
The Loyalists that had left to British North America mostly left from New York and Boston because they were the easiest places to migrate from. They were the best because they had big and great ports. United Empire Loyalists was a name that was given to the British North Americans that resettled in Canada or other British Colonies
During the American revolution a great portion of the population from New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, and other colonies remained loyal to the crown. Many Loyalist refugees made the difficult land walk into Canada after losing their homes, belongings, and security during the Revolution. Loyalist refugees, mainly from Britain, later called United Empire Loyalists, began leaving at the end of the war whenever transportation was available. An estimated 70,000 left the new independent nation, and about 40,000 left for Canada. What are Loyalists? Loyalists were a portion of British Americans that stayed loyal to the British crown when the American Revolution broke out. Unlike the Patriots who wanted to be an independent nation and break away from the British crown. Migration Where did they settle? The Canada act of 1791 divided the colony of Quebec into two parts along the Ottawa river. The names "upper" and "lower" come from their position along the St. Lawrence river. Upper Canada was up river, closer to the mouth of the great waterway. To travel "up river" you had to go against the current. To travel "down river" you would be going with the current as it flowed to the Atlantic Ocean.
The 8,000 loyalists who migrated to Quebec did not want to settle in the St Lawrence lowlands, because the population was largely French-speaking and used up almost all the available land. Moreover, these loyalists refused to be governed by the Napoleonic code of law and the provinces seigniorial system, and demanded access to freehold "crown lands" subject to English common law. The colonial government then granted new lands further west (in the region beyond the Ottawa Valley, known as the "pays d'en haut" or Upper Canada), so that the Loyalists could move to an area not ruled by French civil law. John Butler Loyalists were considered outcasts in America and many were ignored and run out of town. They were attracted to land in southern Ontario with its many streams and creeks that provided energy for grist and saw mills Many wanted to live on the British flag, laws, customs, government, and tradition. The British crown offered Loyalists free land grants in Southern Ontario with family's getting 100 acres and single men getting 50 acres. Many Loyalists decided to move to the North shore of Lake Ontario(southern Ontario) because they consider Quebec( lower Canada) to close to Americans Loyalists were harassed, threatened, there businesses were boycotted and their buildings burned and vandalized by the Americans after the american revolution, so they fled to Southern Ontario Why did loyalists settle in Southern Ontario? Now I hope you were paying ATTENTION,
because it is time for JEOPARDY! UAE Loyalists One of these Loyalists that Migrated was
John Butler Instructions:
we will split you into two groups Red Blue As a group you will pick a card from the board.
Your card will have a question that is worth as much as the number shown.
Together you will work as a group and solve the question. If you don't get the question right the other team will have a chance to answer. Let's Start!
Red team, pick a card! Colony Number of Loyalists Percentage Nova Scotia 21,000 48.1% New Brunswick 14,000 32.1% Cape Breton (Cape Breton Island) 100 0.2% St. John Island (P.E.I) 500 1.1% Quebec (St.Lawrence lowlands) 2,000 4.5% Quebec("upper Canada" or Ontario) 6,000 13.7% Total Loyalists 43,000 100%