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AP Human Geography: Political Geography (Ch. 8)
Transcript of AP Human Geography: Political Geography (Ch. 8)
HGAP Ch. 8: Political Geography
US, Russia, and others recognize no claims
Antarctic Treaty (1959) - 47 nations
research station, demilitarized
Energy & Transportation?
Russia - Largest 11% of planet
Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia
Microstates (2 dozen)
Monaco (.6 square miles), Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Singapore, Maldives, etc.
Chile, Vietnam, Italy
Africa - 14 of 54
Imperialism and "Broken" Railroad Connections to Ocean
Mountains (Military Defense)
Water (Defense and Valuable Resources)
Law of the Sea (158 countries)
14 miles out = territorial limits
200 miles out = exclusive rights
Close nations must negotiate location of boundary
US and Canada - 49' Latitude
Post WWI "Self-Determination"
Unitary - power in hands of central government
Homogeneous, Smaller, Strong sense of Nationalism
Federal - strong powers given to local government
Large States, Heterogeneous
Need for periodic reapportionment due to population shifts.
- US House - 10 year census
- State Legislature Draws Districts (Politically Motivated)
- Gerrymandering (ruled illegal in 1985) - 10% competitive
WWII Allies 1945 (49 states)
Replaced League of Nations
Vote to establish "peacekeeping force"
request military contributions
Security Council (5/15 perminant)
each has veto power
"Balance of Power" Concept
Cold War Superpowers (US vs. USSR)
NATO vs. Warsaw Pact
(Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe)
(Organization of American States)
- promotes social, cultural, political, and economic links between members
(UK and former colonies)
- economic and cultural cooperation
European Union (worlds wealthiest economic market)
remove barriers to free trade
free movement of goods, services, capital, and people
Migration Crisis (2011-Today)
Arab Spring, Syria, ISIS, etc.
civilians = targets
1988 Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland
1990's Unabomber - Ted Kaczynski
1993 World Trade Center Car Bombing
1995 Oklahoma City Federal Building Car Bombing
1996 Western Apartment Complex Car Bombing in Saudi Arabia
1998 US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania Bombed
in Aden, Yemen
9/11/2001 WTC, Pentagon, and ?
Osama bin Laden
World Trade Center
Soviet Invasion 1979
Mujahedeen and Civil War
Taliban in Power
Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda
Persian Gulf War (1991)
War in Iraq (2003)
Iranian Revolution (1979)
State sponsor of Terrorism
support of Shia groups
Pakistan vs. India
Military Control vs. Democracy
Western Tribal Region
Osama bin Laden killed
US Drone Strikes
Men & Women Dancing Together
No Video Permit!
Forced into TV "Apology"
Conviction and Sentenced to...
1 year - 6 months in prison
Syrian Civil War & ISIS
"One China Policy"