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AP Human Geography: Political Geography (Ch. 8)

HGAP: Rubenstein Text
by

Michael Tornetto

on 12 September 2016

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Transcript of AP Human Geography: Political Geography (Ch. 8)


HGAP Ch. 8: Political Geography

Conflicting Claims
US, Russia, and others recognize no claims
Antarctic Treaty (1959) - 47 nations
research station, demilitarized
Energy & Transportation?
Large States
Russia - Largest 11% of planet
Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia
Microstates (2 dozen)
Monaco (.6 square miles), Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahrain, Singapore, Maldives, etc.
City-States
Empires
vs. Imperialism
Chile, Vietnam, Italy
East Timor
Africa - 14 of 54
Imperialism and "Broken" Railroad Connections to Ocean
Deserts
Mountains (Military Defense)
Water (Defense and Valuable Resources)
Law of the Sea (158 countries)
14 miles out = territorial limits
200 miles out = exclusive rights
Close nations must negotiate location of boundary
Geometric
US and Canada - 49' Latitude
Religious
British India
Ireland
Language
Europe
Post WWI "Self-Determination"
Unitary - power in hands of central government
Homogeneous, Smaller, Strong sense of Nationalism
Federal - strong powers given to local government
Large States, Heterogeneous
France
Poland
Need for periodic reapportionment due to population shifts.
- US House - 10 year census
- State Legislature Draws Districts (Politically Motivated)
- Gerrymandering (ruled illegal in 1985) - 10% competitive
"Wasted Vote"
"Excess Vote"
"Stacked Vote"

WWII Allies 1945 (49 states)
2006 (192)
Replaced League of Nations
UN Members
Vote to establish "peacekeeping force"
request military contributions
Security Council (5/15 perminant)
China
France
Russia
UK
USA
each has veto power
"Balance of Power" Concept
Cold War Superpowers (US vs. USSR)
NATO vs. Warsaw Pact
OSCE
(Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe)
OAS
(Organization of American States)
- promotes social, cultural, political, and economic links between members
AU
(African Union)
The Commonwealth
(UK and former colonies)
- economic and cultural cooperation
European Union (worlds wealthiest economic market)
remove barriers to free trade
free movement of goods, services, capital, and people
common currency
recession (2009)
national bailouts
"To Frighten"
intimidate population
coerce governments
civilians = targets
1988 Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland
1990's Unabomber - Ted Kaczynski
1993 World Trade Center Car Bombing
1995 Oklahoma City Federal Building Car Bombing
1996 Western Apartment Complex Car Bombing in Saudi Arabia
1998 US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania Bombed
2000 USS
Cole
in Aden, Yemen
9/11/2001 WTC, Pentagon, and ?
Taliban
Osama bin Laden
World Trade Center
Pentagon
Pennsylvania (?)
Arab Spring:
http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/world/arab-unrest/index.html
Soviet Invasion 1979
Mujahedeen and Civil War
Taliban in Power
Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda
Saddam Hussein
Iran-Iraq War
Persian Gulf War (1991)
War in Iraq (2003)
WMD?
Regime Change
State-Building
Sectarian Conflict
Iranian Revolution (1979)
Hostage Crisis
State sponsor of Terrorism
support of Shia groups
Nuke Program
Pakistan vs. India
Nukes
US Ally
Military Control vs. Democracy
Western Tribal Region
Osama bin Laden killed
US Drone Strikes
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/17722026#.UvgNhmJdV95
http://www.gapminder.org/world/#$majorMode=chart$is;shi=t;ly=2003;lb=f;il=t;fs=11;al=30;stl=t;st=t;nsl=t;se=t$wst;tts=C$ts;sp=6;ti=2012$zpv;v=0$inc_x;mmid=XCOORDS;iid=phAwcNAVuyj1jiMAkmq1iMg;by=ind$inc_y;mmid=YCOORDS;iid=rAIffGKCmiCdzTl1C0AR2nw;by=ind$inc_s;uniValue=8.21;iid=phAwcNAVuyj0XOoBL_n5tAQ;by=ind$inc_c;uniValue=255;gid=CATID2;by=grp$map_x;scale=log;dataMin=282;dataMax=119849$map_y;scale=lin;dataMin=-42.4139;dataMax=66$map_s;sma=49;smi=2.65$cd;bd=0$inds=;modified=57
http://www.viralnova.com/international-borders/
Arrested For:
"Vulgar Behavior"
Men & Women Dancing Together
No Video Permit!
Forced into TV "Apology"
Conviction and Sentenced to...
91 lashes
1 year - 6 months in prison
suspended sentence
http://edition.cnn.com/2014/05/21/world/meast/iran-happy-video-arrests/index.html?hpt=hp_c2
Syrian Civil War & ISIS
https://www.google.com/fusiontables/DataSource?snapid=S506424n-DY
http://www.cnn.com/2015/10/08/middleeast/syria-war-how-we-got-here/index.html

http://www.cnn.com/videos/world/2015/10/27/on-the-ground-in-syria-explainer-pkg.cnn/video/playlists/crisis-in-syria/
Full transcript