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The Sociological Impact of the Printing Press
Transcript of The Sociological Impact of the Printing Press
By: Megan Stonebraker
The printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg in 1436, completed in 1440. The printing press consisted of replaceable/moveable wooden or metal letters.
The Gutenberg printing press was developed from the technology of the screw-type wine presses of the Rhine Valley. It was there in 1440 that Johannes Gutenberg created his printing press, a hand press, in which ink was rolled over the raised surfaces of moveable hand-set block letters held within a wooden form and the form was then pressed against a sheet of paper.
The printing press changed our world in many ways like, advances in the arts, science, religion, and also the spread of personal beliefs.
The printing press allowed people to learn and gain knowledge, this also gave people a new way to communicate.
1725: In Scotland stereotyping invented by William Ged.
1800: Iron printing presses invented.
1819: Rotary printing press invented by Napier.
1829: Embossed printing invented by Louis Braille.
1841: Type-composing machine invented.
1844: Electrotyping invented.
1495: First papermill opened in England.
Italic type first used.
1550: Wallpaper introduced in Europe.
First weekly newspaper published in Antwerp.
King James Bible published.
1660: Mezzotint invented in Germany.
First paper mill opened in the American colonies.
1702: Multi-colored engraving invented by German Jakob Le Blon.
The first English language daily newspaper is published called the Daily Courant.
618 to 906: T’ang Dynasty -
the first printing is done in China
using ink on carved wooden blocks begins to make multiple transfers of an image to paper.
868: The Diamond Sutra is printed.
Koreans print books using movable type.
1300: The first use of wooden type in China.
1309: Europeans first make paper. However, the
Chinese and Egyptians had started making paper centuries previous.
1465: Drypoint engravings invented by Germans.
William Caxton begins using a Gutenberg printing press in England.
1477: Intaglio is first used for book illustration for a Flemish book called Il Monte Sancto di Dio.
1338: First papermill opened in France.
1390: First papermill opened in Germany.
1392: Factories that can produce bronze type are opened in Korea.
1423: In Europe block printing is used to print books.
In Europe, metal plates are first used in printing. Gutenberg begins printing the Bible which he finishes in 1456.
First color printing by Fust and Schoeffer.
Printing presses can now print and fold 90,000 4-page papers an hour.
Diazotype invented (print photographs on fabric).
4-color rotary press invented.
1904: Offset lithography becomes common.
The first comic book is published.
1907: Commercial silk screening invented.
1947: Phototypesetting made practical
1846: Cylinder press invented by Richard Hoe.
Cylinder press can print 8,000 sheets an hour.
1863: Rotary web-fed letterpress invented by William Bullock.
Web offset press can print on both sides of paper at once.
1886: Linotype composing machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.
Paper is now mass-manufactured from wood pulp.
People had new perspectives on people, theories, and religion.
A lot of things have evolved due to the printing press. Through the years we have tried to see how we can get things done faster. The newspaper gets delivered to everyone around the world in just hours. Thanks to the internet we can see what is happening around the world within minutes.
Although it is impossible to obtain exact figures, there is little doubt that the Bible is the worlds best-selling and most widely distributed book. A survey by the Bible Society concluded that around 2.5 billion copies were printed between 1815 and 1975, but more recent estimates put the number at more than 5 billion.
The newspaper was also introduced. The newspaper started the media. Because of the newspaper people were able to see what was going on around the world.
The news paper and the portable camera help stop what is known as the heart of darkness.
If you remember Pearl Harbor, the news that there were even planes on radar was so delayed that no one saw it coming. If they had e-mail or social media it would've been a different story.Like when 9-11 happened people knew about it within seconds.
Printing presses have definitely changed since the Gutenberg press. Now we have personal printers that we can use at home to print something that may have taken days to print back in the 1400's.
Along with personal printing presses we have personal computers that we can use to type something in seconds and before that we had type writers that would directly type the letters on the paper as you pressed the letters.