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The Taiping Rebellion

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Grace Park

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of The Taiping Rebellion

Background Causes Hong Xiuquan (1814-1864) Taiping Tianguo Qing victory Core Movement's targets
1. Feudal rule
2. Foreign capitalism Tough living conditions
- Famine and flooding
- Great population growth
- Not enough arable land
- Heavy taxation
- Unemployment - Belief: Brother of Jesus
- Goal: abolish evil on earth and spread
Christianity to save China
- Starts the quest for the "Heavenly Kingdom,"
the "Taiping Tianguo" The Taiping Rebellion: - Declared in January, 1851
following the Battle of Jintian
- Continues to expand taking Nanjing in 1853
- Attempts to take Beijing fails Taiping rebels continue to be
defeated starting from the
Battle of Shanghai 1861-62
- 1864 Nanjing is seized by Qing troops
- 1871 Last of rebel forces defeated Humble Origins God-Worshipper's Society
(Bai Shangdi Hui) during
the mid-1840s in Guangxi How was it repressed? by Grace Youeun Park Anti- Manchu sentiment
- Han majority ruled by
Manchu minority
- Qing dynasty's loss in
Opium Wars
- Treaty of Nanking 1842 A sense of hopelessness among the poorer people of society = good soil for utopian thought to grow in Movement's principles
- Egalitarianism ≠ Confucianism
- Abolishment of private property
and distribution of resources (Contemporary drawing of Hong Xiuquan, dating from around 1860) 1856: Turning Point - Internal conflicts and contradictions
- Tianjing Incident
- Wei Changhui and Yang Xiuqing killed
- Shift from revolutionary offensive to defensive Repression Qing Dynasty Early failed repressions at
- Jintian
- Nanking/Nanjing
Later on successful at
Battle of Shanghai 1861 Taipings battling the Qing at Jintian- Unknown Foreign
Intervention Nobles and
Gentry Financed the Hunan Army (Xiang Army)
- Under the rule of Zeng Guofan
- Favored by the Qing leaders over
imperial army Why was the Taiping Rebellion repressed? Qing dynasty official Zeng Guofan scanned from
In Search for Modern China, Spence, Jonathan D Initially, British stayed neutral
- until Taiping Rebels attack
Shanghai in 1861
Treaties with China that opened
economic opportunities for Britain
- Treaty of Nanking 1842
- Treaty of Tientsin 1858
- Convention of Peking 1860 Protect hierarchy and stay in power Protect economic pursuits Weakening of Qing dynasty Foreshadowing a radically different China At least 10 million deaths
some say 20 million Sources Cited
- Gregory, John. S. (1959) British Intervention Against the Taiping Rebellion, The Journal of Asian Studies, Association for Asian Studies
- Gregory, John. S. (1969) Britain and the Taipings
- Page, Melvin E. (2003) Colonialism: an international, social, cultural, and political encyclopedia
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