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Anti-Transcendentalism

English 2 Honors Project
by

Hannah DeBeau

on 31 May 2014

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Transcript of Anti-Transcendentalism

Characteristics
Quotes
Anti-Transcendentalists believed that transcendentalists ignored the darker side of humanity. They showed their readers what was being ignored by the Transcendentalist writers through tales of obsessions, revenge, shame, madness, guild and sin. The Gothic writers views of human existence and strong use of symbolism made them stand out from other writers. The writers believed in the value of intuition and imagination over rationalism, they wanted to explore the mysteries of human existence.
The setting of gothic literature is often bleak, gloomy or remote and set in nature with focus on seasons, darkness, light, and shadows. The characters are in psychological and/or physical torment and their moods include aner, insanity, agitation, guilt, obsession, and sin. The plot involves morbid or violent incidents and often includes omens, foreshadowing, and dreams. Themes of gothic style include decay, mental illness, murder, torture, insanity, death, supernatural, and romance. The authors often include elements such as closed doors, startling sounds, repressed fears and desires, light and dark, and haunted houses.
Social and Political concerns of Era
"The Devil in Tom Walker"
Washington Irving
" The Fall of the House of Usher"
Edgar Allen Poe
"The Pit and the Pendulum"
Edgar Allen Poe
"The Raven"
Edgar Allen Poe
"Moby Dick"
Herman Melville
" The Minister's Black Veil"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Social concern of this era is that some felt like these views did not adequately take into accound the darker side of human nature.
The Political concerns of this era is that the popes naturally preferred to have the appointment of bishops made for ecclesiastical and not for territorial and political reasons, and to retain the privilege of confirming or rejecting the appointment, which practically gave them a share in making it; and this was a great increase in the popes own political significance, which concerned others.
Literary Terms
Mood, setting, diction, symbol, gothic fiction, atmosphere, symbol, symbolic meaning, sound effects, internal rhyme, alliteration, onomatopoeia, refrain, characterization, direct characterization and indirect characterization.
Authors
Washington Irving
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Herman Melville
Edgar Allen Poe
Era's before and after the Gothic era
By: Hannah DeBeau
Anti-Transcendentalism
The era before the Anti-Transcendentalist era was the Transcendentalist era. Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson. This impacted the Anti-Transcendentalist era because it made everybody think the opposite of what everyone was saying about Transcendentalism. The era after Anti-Transcendentalism was Realism. Literary realism began in the mid nineteenth-century and extending to late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century authors. The era depictions characteristics of contemporary life and society as it was, or is. In the spirit of general "realism," realist authors opted for depictions of everyday and banal activities and experiences, instead of a romanticized or similarly stylized presentation. This influenced Anti-Transcendentalism because people were changing from things that were their imagination to the "real" stuff in the world.

Works
New Work
"Frankenstein"

Mary Shelley
Anti-Transcendentalism
New Work
Frankenstein
or,
The Modern Prometheus
, is written by British author Mary Shelley about eccentric scientist Victor Frankenstein, who creates a grotesque creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Shelley started writing the story when she was eighteen, and the novel was published when she was twenty. The first edition was published anonymously in London in 1818. Shelley's name appears on the second edition, published in France in 1823.
Description of Works
First Tom's Wife decides to make her own pact with the devil, keeping the profits for herself. But then he makes a pact with the devil to get his wife back so then he dies too.
The Devil in Tom Walker By: Washington Irving
The narrator's friends sister has died and soon, she emerges from her provisional tomb, killing her brother while the Narrator flees for his life. The House of Usher splits apart and collapses, wiping away the last remnants of the ancient family.
The Fall of the House of Usher By: Edgar Allen Poe
Ishmael, the narrator, announces his intent to ship aboard a whaling vessel. He has made several voyages as a sailor but none as a whaler. Ahab hopes that their skills and Fedallah’s prophetic abilities will help him in his hunt for Moby Dick. On the third day, the boats are once again sent after Moby Dick, who once again attacks them. Ahab is then caught in a harpoon line and hurled out of his harpoon boat to his death.
Moby Dick By: Herman Melville
Full transcript