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Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
Transcript of Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet
This form consists of fourteen evenly metrical lines which are divided into two parts (though still consisting of one stanza). As mentioned previously, the first part of the sonnet is the octave which presents a question, creates a feeling of uncertainty, or promotes a negative emotion in the reader. The lines in the octave rhyme ABBAABBA. The sextet answers the question, assures the reader, or relieves the negative emotion and can have any combination of rhymes (the most common of which is CDECDE, but others include CCDDEE, CDEDCE, and CDEEDC). The most common metrical pattern in the English variation of the Petrarchan sonnet is iambic pentameter (a line consisting of five pairs of sylables in which the accent falls on the second sylable in each pair).
The Students Will:
1. Understand and define the Italian Sonnet.
2. Be able to explain the history of the Italian Sonnet.
3. Recognize the structures of the Italian Sonnet through examples.
The instruction will be given by Diane, Brooke, AJ and Alan.
The sonnet was first written in Italy in the early thirteenth century. It was revolutionary in that it was composed in the language of the people rather than that of the church and officials, Latin. Also it was created to serve a private function, that of the love letter between men and women and designed to be read quietly to oneself, rather than orated in public. The Italian sonnet came to be known as the Petrarchan after Francesco Petrarca, a humanist, scholar and poet from Italy as he developed it into the form one is familiar with today. The form he created was compiled in his most famous work, Canzoniere, which was a compilation of his best romantic sonnets. His poem style and subject matter (unattainable love)will be later adopted by Italian poets like Chaucer, Elizabethan poets and Victorian poets.
The Italian (Petrarchan) sonnet was the oldest and the first kind of sonnet to be introduced into England. It was first translated by Sir Thomas Wyatt in the early 1500s. This type of sonnet got its name from 14C Italian poet, Francesco Petrarca. It is a two-stanza poem with an octave (first eight line verse; presents the topic. ), a sestet (last six line verse; either views it from a different angle, or presents an opinion about it. ), which is a total of 14 lines. The Petrarchan sonnet has an a-b-b-a, a-b-b-a, c-d-e, c-d-e rhyming system.