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Sense Perception and Emotion
Transcript of Sense Perception and Emotion
this capability was of life-and-death importance
most stereotypes break down into two broad dimensions
whether a person appears to have malevolent or kind intent
whether a person appears dangerous Knowledge Issues involving stereotypes they allow people to quickly process new information about an event or person
they organize people’s past experiences
they help people to meaningfully assess differences between individuals and groups
they help people to make predictions about other people’s behavior How do we know that our judgements of people are not based upon our subconscious stereotyping? What stereotypes can you think of? Common Stereotypes all Asians are smart
all blondes are stupid
all police officers eat donuts
all straight A students have no social life
all atheists hate the world
all Americans love junk food
all girls who play sports must be tomboys
all Germans love beer
all gays act feminine
all lesbians act masculine Dangers of Stereotyping Stereotypes are not easily changed:
When people encounter instances that negate their stereotypes of a particular group, they tend to assume that those instances are atypical subtypes of the group
Example: Ben stereotypes gay men as being non-athletic When he meets Al, an athletic gay man, he assumes that Al is not a typical representative of gay people.
People’s perceptions are influenced by their expectations
Example: Liz has a stereotype of elderly people as mentally unstable. When she sees an elderly woman sitting on a park bench alone, talking out loud, she thinks that the woman is talking to herself because she is unstable. Liz fails to notice that the woman is actually talking on a cell phone.
People selectively recall instances that confirm their stereotypes and forget about negating instances
Example: Paul has a stereotype of Latin Americans as academically unmotivated. As evidence for his belief, he cites instances when some of his Latin American classmates failed to read required class material. He fails to recall all the times his Latin American classmates did complete their assignments. Is a world without stereotyping possible?
To what degree is emotion biological or "hard wired"?
If our senses can be fooled, how can we acknowledge and thus overcome certain stereotypes?
What role does what we expect to see, or are used to seeing, play in what we observe? Do we treat people differently because of their look ? When we meet someone the first thing that we do is look at him. We then automatically judge him and categorized this person as a more or less attractive person.
If this person is an attractive person , we are more likely to respond nicely to him, or help him if he is in need.
Imagine you are taking out of your car a lot of very heavy stuff. You realize you need help: And a person that looks like this comes to you and ask if you need help. You are probably going to answer no because you may feel armed and find him unattractive. You may even get to a point were you feel disgust. Now, if someone looking like this shows up and asks you if you need help, you are probably going to say yes, because you find him very attractive, clean and armless. In this kind of situation our senses of perception allows us to perceive people and things in certain way an we make assumption based on this perceptions.
We can, after, feel different emotions towards this people and things. Why do we treat people differently because of their look ? we may feel disgust
we may feel armed
we may feel impressed
we may feel uncomfortable
we may feel comfortable
we may feel admiration
There isn't a real reasons, it depends on our judgement. Consequences on society Study have shown that attractive people are treated better than everyone else in society. They are more likely to get a job, receive help and have an easier time in court.
This makes life harder for non-attractive people.