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Instructional Systems Design
Transcript of Instructional Systems Design
The systems approach model states that there is a predictable and reliable link between a stimulus and a response that will promote learning. This system model relies on interrelated parts that will produce effective learning.
Types of ISD: Dick & Carry, ADDIE, Smith & Ragan, Kemp
Analysis is the step where goals are determined for the students. This is where the objectives for the system are created. Design is where the actual process of teaching those objectives are created. Development is the step in which the design is refined and changed to better the learning process. Implement is the actual instructing of the material to the learner. Evaluation is constantly determining where the learning is at in regards to the objectives stated in the analysis step.
Dick & Carry
This model starts with identifying goals and the entry level behaviors of the student. Then the performance objectives and test materials are determined. Now the course materials must carefully be selected to insure that all the students will be able to learn in the environment created. For example if you are in a poor environment iPads should not be part of the course material. Then finally the students are formally evaluated to determine their success in learning the performance objectives.
Smith & Ragan, Kemp
The Smith & Ragan model has three main steps: analysis, strategy and evaluation. During analysis the student is examined to determine the environment that should be set up and the objectives that should be sought out. Then the strategy is organizing and implementing the plan to produce results. The evaluation is determining the success of the model. In the Kemp Model there are nine steps that essentially breakdown the ADDIE system into smaller steps but in the end produce a very similar approach to designing an ISD.
While these systems all have different names for their steps, they all do the same thing in the end. They plan according to the student design and the evaluate. The best part of these systems is the flexibility they all offer. Each model acts as a loop allowing the designer to go back to any previous step at anytime. This allows for easy changes to be made to the systems. Finally I learned how to pick up a girl using the ADDIE system.
This is the most popular ISD today, all of the other systems contain practically the same components with different names for the steps or maybe a few extra steps that accomplish similar goals and objectives. The steps for ADDIE are Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation.