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Transcript of Cubism
A popular art style and movement that started in the early 20th century, cubism was mainly done in the style of a painting but other mediums like collage and sculpture were used. Cubism uses geometric shapes. Cubism was one of the main influences in modern art. It influenced movements such as Pop art, Surrealism and Dada.
There are two types of Cubism analytical and synthetic:
- This was developed by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. Analytical cubism is where an image changed by different shapes making the image almost unrecognizable.
- This type of cubism was developed form analytical cubism. This type of Cubism has a flatter appearance and the image appears more geometrical. Collage is a very popular form of synthetic Cubism as it gives a flat appearance.
Salvador Dali- born May 11 1904. He was an artist of many mediums one being sculpture.
One of the sculptures he produced used Cubism. 'The Cubist Angel' uses geometrical shapes to make the figure.
Georges Braque- Born 1882 was a cubism artist that used collage and papier Collé (pasted paper).
Picasso and Braque worked together comparing each other's work and developing the different types of cubism. They criticised each others work " In my opinion to search means nothing in painting. To find is the thing."(1)
Pablo Picasso- Born 1881 was one of the most famous artists to use cubism. He also used collage in his work.
There were many Cubism painters for example: Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Henri Le Fauconnier, Jean Metzinger, Robert Delaunay and Fernand Léger.
Cubism painting is a modern movement in art that emphasises geometrical shapes to depict the images used in these artists' works.
Although all of the work produced by these cubist artists are all very different, you can still identify the style these artists have used.
The Different Type of Cubists
Some of the more famous cubists had their work bought off them and then shown in different galleries, these were called the "Gallery Cubists". One of the most famous cubism art buyers was Daniel- Henry Kahnweiler he bought and exhibited the work of Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso.
The "Salon Cubists" were a group of artists that had their work exhibited in local galleries that were funded by the government. These artists were Henri Le Fauconnier, Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Marcel Duchamp, Fernand Léger , Juan Gris, Robert de la Fresnaye, Jacques Villon and Raymond Duchamp-Villon.
Henri Le Fauconnier
We like artist Robert Delauney's pieces as they use bright colours which is different from other Cubism pieces. Most Cubism artists use colours such as yellows and browns in them making the image geometrical shapes hard to make out. Delauney's Cubism pieces have blues, reds, oranges, greens and pinks. This use of colour makes the geometrical shapes stand out, as well as breaking up the image making it look more appealing.
The artists in this era have worked within modernist bonds of abstract concepts, but more specifically cubism. Cubism, being an early 20th-century style and art movement, primarily seen in painting, as well as perspectives such as single viewpoints, was then abandoned and use was made of more unpretentious geometric shapes. Then, incorporating collages into the general movement, was also seen as worthwhile to cubist artists.
Overall, we think that Cubism is a challenging style of art. We think it is very difficult to manipulate an image using geometric shapes but still being able to leave parts of the image as they are. Therefore you can still see the original picture. We also like the choice of media Cubism artists use. For example collage because this particular medium creates a flatter image than that of painting.