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Education in Victoria
Transcript of Education in Victoria
Teachers and pupils at the Leongatha High School, 1920. The students are all dressed in school uniform.
95% of eligible children in Victoria spend about 15 hours per week in kindergartens. While the government subsidises fees, they can vary greatly from centre to centre (Live In Victoria, 2015). The main objective of kindergarten is to help children develop the skills needed for primary school (Early Learning Association, 2013).
Overview of the credibility of the online sources we used.
Miriam Metzger’s (2007) criteria was applied to the online resources used for this presentation. Four out of five of Metzger’s criteria for evaluating online information have been used; the Author and their reputation, Currency, Objectivity and Accuracy (Metzger, 2007 p.2079). The sites that were used provided accurate, current and objective information. Since much of the information was from government department sites, the information is trustworthy as they are regarded as high-quality sources (Metzger, 2007 p. 2085).
In conclusion, education in Victoria is well structured and follows Australian standards. Schools must provide safe environments in which to learn while teachers must be qualified and follow set curriculum and guidelines.
Victorian children have the opportunity for a great start to their schooling in kindergarten and as it is compulsory for all children to be attending school from ages 6 – 17 (Government Department of Education and Training, 2014), Victoria provides children with a fantastic base to start them off in life.
It is safe to conclude that the education system in Victoria is well governed and working well for future generations.
Victorian students usually begin high school at 12 years of age. It is a legal requirement that students attend school until they complete Year 10. After Year 10 and up to 17 years of age they must continue in approved education or be in full-time employment (State of Victoria Australia, 2015).
Tertiary education in Victoria offers a wide range of study options either at university, college or through VET (Vocational Education and Training). At universities and colleges, curriculum is geared to specific areas of study which are grouped into schools. The learning material in VET is more practical in nature and is trade and industry focused (Victorian Government Department of Education and Training: Vocational Education and Training, 2013).
There are many state and federal government rules Victorian primary schools must adhere to. Some examples are; attendance – every child over six must attend school (Victorian Government Department of Education and Training: School Attendance Guidelines, 2014), immunisation (Health Victoria, 2014), the safety of children, record keeping, social media and the operations of school council. Schools must also must provide evidence of improvement activity (Victorian Government Department of Education and Training. School Policy & Advisory Guide – Governance, 2015).
All secondary school teachers must have achieved a degree with four years tertiary study which includes an approved course of teacher training (Victorian Government Department of Education and Training: Qualifications for different types of teachers, 2013). The average age of high school teachers is 44.5 years and 58.8 % are female. Student/teacher ratios in Victoria equal the national average, 12.5, but has increased from 11.6 in 2010 (Victorian Government Department of Education and Training: Teacher Supply and Demand Report, 2011 p10 – 11).
Early childhood teachers plan and conduct education programmes for young children.
Early childhood teachers work in government-owned pre-school centres, early education classes, community kindergartens and community childcare centres.
A kindergarten teacher, (but not Special Education) earns an average wage of AU$25.21 per hour. Most people with this job move on to other positions after 20 years in this career. Pay for this job does not change much by experience, with the most experienced earning only a bit more than the least.
There are two curriculum frameworks that are used; a commonwealth framework called 'Early Years Learning and Development Framework 0-5 years' and a Victorian Framework called 'Victoria Early Years Learning and Development Framework 0-8 years'. The two frameworks complement one another and do a fantastic job to support professions in teaching kindergarten children (Australian Education Union Victoria Branch).
Primary school is compulsory for all Victorian children by six years of age. It starts with Prep where the child must be five years of age on or before 30th April that year. Grade six is the final year of primary schooling (State of Victoria Department of Education and Training, 2013).
An interesting fact about primary schools in Victoria is that in February 2014 there were 495,236 students enrolled in 1551 Victorian primary schools (Department of Education and Training, 2015).
Kindergarten starts in the year that the child turns four years of age by 30th of April. Attendance is not compulsory, though children that do are better prepared for primary school (Live in Victoria, 2015).
There is much legislation which governs the facilities' operation, teaching practice and employment of staff for all Childcare facilities and Preschools in Victoria (Department of Education and Training, 2015).
All primary school teachers must have suitable academic qualifications with English language competency and be of good character to be registered with the Victorian Government (Victorian Institute of Teaching, 2010).
Primary school teachers may have a subject specialisation as well as be competent in the core subjects of mathematics and science (Students First, 2015).
The universities in Victoria perform at or exceed the world standard in many fields, this includes education which is above world standard.
Victorian universities offer many fields of study for the undergraduate student with many different modes of study.
Universities encourage a culture of independent learning and opportunities to study abroad (Australian Education Network, 2015).
EDUCATION IN VICTORIA
Education in Victoria is a journey that begins in Kindergarten, followed by Primary School then Secondary School. Tertiary education is optional and there are many areas of study available at this level. Tertiary level provides students with the required qualifications to be employed in many occupations. Please enjoy the following presentation about the teachers, government rules, curriculum and unique characteristics of each stage that together, provide the framework for education in Victoria.
Victorian children usually begin secondary (high) school at 12 years of age. It is a legal requirement that students attend school until they complete Year 10. After Year 10 and up to age 17 they must continue in approved education or be in full-time employment.
There are two major types of school in Victoria:
- Public schools (also known as state schools or government schools)
- Private schools (private non-denominational or religious association).
In Victoria, there are:
1594 state schools
484 Catholic schools
218 independent schools (private non-denominational or religious association).
To become a tertiary school teacher in Victoria you need to take into account the subject and where you will be teaching and or lecturing. There are numerous tertiary fields, such as university professors, lecturers and tutors to TAFE school teachers. Usually you have to complete a degree in your field selection, preferably at a masters or doctoral degree level and have previous teaching or research experience. A Graduate Certificate may also be required (Australian Government Department of Education and Training).
A university lecturer or tutor can earn an average yearly salary of $95,000 (Open Universities Australia).
The Australian curriculum for English, mathematics, science and history are included in AusVELS - Victorian Essential Learning Standards for Foundation to Year 10 students. Senior Secondary, Year 11 and 12 students can complete: VCE (Victorian Certificate of Education), VET (Vocational Education and Training) or VCAL (Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning) (Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority, 2015).
Primary school curriculum has to meet the AusVELS system which incorporates the F-10 learning curriculum for English, Mathematics, History and Science within the curriculum framework of development for the Victorian essential learning standards (VELS). AusVELS follows three strands: physical, personal and social learning, discipline based learning and interdisciplinary learning.
VTAC is the VictorianTertiary Admissions Centre and is the central office that administers the application processes for places in tertiary courses, scholarships and special entry access schemes at university, TAFE and independent tertiary colleges in Victoria (and a few outside Victoria). VTAC receives and forwards application information and supporting documentation to the relevant authorities at institutions.
Overview of the findings and recommendations of the Gonski Report.
Queen's College University of Melbourne Victoria
Australian Education Network (2015). Universities in Victoria List. Retrieved from http://www.australianuniversities.com.au/directory/victorian-universities/
Australian Education Union Victoria Branch, Victoria, Public Education For Our Future (n.d.) Early childhood curriculum frameworks. Retrieved from http://www.aeuvic.asn.au/transition_9_35067994.html
Australian Government Department of Education and Training, Job Guide (n.d.). University Lecturer (VIC). Retrieved from http://www.jobguide.thegoodguides.com.au/occupation/University-Lecturer/VIC
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Fitzroy Legal Service, The Law Handbook Your Practical guide to the law in Victoria (2015). Disciplinary Procedures. Retrieved from http://www.lawhandbook.org.au/handbook/ch06s03s04.php
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REFERENCE LIST cont...