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World War One
Transcript of World War One
Why NZ went to war and the Truth About Propaganda Posters
"What is this war? It is mud, trenches, blood, rats, lice, bombs, pain, barbed wire, decaying flesh, gas, death, rain, cats, tears, bullets, fear and a loss of faith in all that we once believed in" - Otto Dix
We celebrate ANZAC day every year on the 25th of April and we have ceremonies to honor those soldiers that fought for us in the war. We also remember them by recording those dead soldiers’ names in the Auckland Memorial museum. We don’t have all the names as there are too many to fit in one room. We have many monuments so we can thank them for their service and for making NZ who we are today. The most common type of monuments is the obelisk, which represents lives cut off too soon. We want to remember them and that it had affected not only them, but their families as well. Poppy Day is a really important day for all the countries involved with World War One. We wear poppies as an emblem to those who died fighting for us and to remember the day when it all ended. The 11th of November, 1918. Poppies are inspired by the poem ‘In Flanders Fields’
Back in the day, NZ were allies with Britain. We were a part of their empire, so basically, they owned us. When Britain went it war, it meant NZ was at war as well. We wanted to show Britain that we were strong and proud to be part of their union, so we decided to go off to war. The soldiers were excited to go to war, but they didn't know the horrors that had awaited them. They wanted an adventure, but also help Britain as we were in their Dominion but that obviously didn't happen the way the planned
Vol XCIII, No. 311
1914 - 1918
Fighting, objection and cowardice
New Zealand Goes to War
Consequences for the Future
The Loss of Men and NZ Identity
The total number of New Zealand troops and nurses that served overseas in 1914–1918 was about 100,440. About 18,200 soldiers were killed and 41,320 men were wounded during war. New Zealand had one of the highest casualty and death rate per person of any country involved with the war. Because New Zealand had done, or possibly overdone our bit in the war by helping Britain, our identity was growing by the minute.
In 1919 New Zealand signed the Treaty of Versailles as a part of the British Empire committee. New Zealand then joined the League of Nations as a member in its own right – an important step on its path to independence. Because of our effort to help Britain in the war, New Zealand's economy had been protected, even strengthened, by the bulk-purchase arrangements with Britain.
World War One
Remembering, Profundity, Quantity
Monuments, remembering, organizations
Lives being affected
Propaganda was a popular tool used in WW1 to change the opinions of many people. Propaganda was usually negative and/or misleading and lead people to feel angry or sad by using blackmail and over-exaggeration. Propaganda helped the war effort by getting people to support the war and they still help strong opinions thought by many. At the beginning of the war it was used to encourage the fact that the enemies were evil and also to boost figures.
World War I affected the lives of many families by disrupting normal life. Many men joined the war, leaving their families to care and feed for themselves. Children had to grow up with a single parent. Everyone who lost a family member's lives were deeply affected. How deeply would depend on how close they were to that family member.
Just over 100,000 men went to war and over half of them died. Thousand's of children's lives were affected as well. They were left fatherless and forced to 'man up' and be depended on at a young age. Women had to raise a child (If they had one) on their own. Almost everyone in NZ was affected as they had family members, relatives and friends that might've died in the war.
Sonia - Project Manager
Shoshana - Creative Designer
Toby - Research Assistant
Consequences for the Future
Women's Roles and Compulsory Service
Music and Poetry
Songs and poems were really important at that time because it was a way to express soldiers’ feelings. War poems and songs reflected peace or the desire for peace and normality. Nobody fully understood all the horrors of war, but songs and poems finally caught the spirit. What they had in common was that they both made people understand their messages.
Women were depended on to raise their kids on their own (If they had any) and feed them, as well as their selves. They had to go out and get jobs to earn money for that, which showed that women were capable of doing things. During World War One women were forced to care for themselves and work because the men in their family were at war. That was what changed people's views of women and that's how women now have their own rights.
Three months before the war started in 1914, already 52,332 men had signed up for the war out of a population of 1,100,00. In 1915 there was a National Register of all males from the age 17 to the age 60. Between 1916 and 1918, 26,000 men volunteered to join the war, while 32,000 joined compulsorily. A lot of soldiers were forced to join the war, but that's how we lost so many man, which lead to helping New Zealand to be a country of it's own.
New Zealand fought at Gallipoli, on the Western front and in the Middle East. Not a lot of people were opposed to war during the outbreak, but by the end of 1916, conscientious objection was a big issue. Soldiers that committed crimes such as cowardice and desertion were executed. About 20% of the soldiers that landed in Gallipoli died. Even though the Gallipoli Campaign as a failure, it helped strengthen an emerging New Zealand identity. Everyone was expected to do their bit for 'King and Country' (England) so more than 2,500 people who had objected to fight in the war had lost their civil rights. About 80,000 men had the symptoms of ‘shell shock’ which was the reaction of soldiers to the trauma of battle