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Transcript of Chile
How did the economic crisis of 1973 lead to great change in Chile?
In September 1973, Allende was assassinated and the military set up a dictatorship. The Pinochet regime was was one of the most brutal in Latin american history. Thousands were imprisoned, even more were tortured and murdered. It outlawed all political parties and got rid of the Chamber of Deputies. This economic crisis led to led to growing unrest in the mid-1980s.
How did the Cold War fears lead the U.S. intervene in Chile?
Chile had a history of a democratic government. Chile also had a long history of foreign investment with the U.S. With the support of Chile's congress Salvador Allendes tried to get Chile to follow the road to socialism. The U.S. feared that Chile was headed towards communism.
How did the U.S. involvement in the Chilean economy lead to change in the industry after the election of Salvador Allende in 1970?
When Marxist Salvador Allende became president in 1970 he attempted to create a socialist society through constitutional means. His first steps as president were to increase wages and to nationalize the largest corporations.
Nationalization of copper industry angered the copper companies' American owners as well as the American government.
How would you characterize the state of Chile now?
Chile now uses a capitalist, free market system.
Chile turned to democracy in 1990
Chile Recent Events
In 2004 the Chilean president signed a free trade agreement with the US
Chile recently suffered a massive 8.8 earthquake in 2010, but the economy quickly recovered from the event
Health of its citizens has improved
child malnutrition rates have decreased
the life expectancy has grown to 79 years
The current president is Michelle Bachelet
A plebiscite in 1989 led to the defeat of Pinochet, who had been dictator for 17 years previous to his defeat. Ever since then Chile has moved towards democracy. Before switching to democracy Chilean people struggled with poverty and economic hardships. Since then Chile's economic policies have improved the lives of many.
Chile now has one of the most competitive and fundamentally sound economies of Latin America
From 1989 to 2011 poverty has decreased by almost 25% and primary education is now almost universal
Chile and the US have friendly relations
Chile is 5,869 miles from California
Chile is a country in South America and is part of Latin America