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Constraints-led Approach to Talent Devlopment

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by

Tiana Genetti

on 21 July 2014

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Transcript of Constraints-led Approach to Talent Devlopment

Coaches Job:
Figure out weaknesses and strengths of players
Manipulate constraints to facilitate the 'removal' of factors acting as rate limiters
Design
effective
learning environments:
Boundaries
Shape a players self-organizing movement patterns, thoughts, and decision-making processes
Work-Cited
Group, P. E. (2013). A Look at Non-Linear
Pedagogy. Singapore: National Institute of Education.

Renshaw, I., & Chappell, G. (2010). A contraints-led
approach to development in cricket. Athlete-Centered Coaching: Developing Decision Makers. Worcester: IPC Print Resources.
The System:
Performer, Team, Event
-
Open-dynamic System:
- Open: sensitive to change in their surroundings
- Dynamic: complex; made up of many interacting parts
- Adopts many different states of organization
BACKYARD GAMES
Backyard Games (example: Cricket)

- Provides foundation upon which expertise can develop

- Imagination is important (MIND-GYM)

-Playing in backyards (for fun)
Without extra pressure children can learn and develop life long love for the game (intrinsic motivation)

- Provides holistic development of physical, technical, tactical & mental skills

Constraints:
Teaching Games for Understanding
EFFECTS
A Constraints-led Approach to Talent Development in Cricket (CHAPTER 8)
Constraints:
Performer Constraints:
Physical skills
Mental skills
Environmental Constraints:
Physical environment
Conditions
Cultural background
Locality
Task Constraints:
Goals
Rules
Equipment
Pedagogy: act of teaching

Non-linear Pedagogy:
- encourages player to explore and discover the best movement solutions for himself or herself;
- it caters for learning differences of the individual
AKA: Game sense or Practice Play
Empirical Research:
Inconclusive if game-based is superior to traditional technical-based approach
HOWEVER:
Coaches are increasingly adopting it...
WHY???
MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS & GREATER ENJOYMENT!!!
Players have performance solving potential:
This goes against the coaches who believe there is one optimal movement solution
Deliberately manipulate surroundings:
Easier for athletes to adapt in actual game situations
OPEN-Dynamic System
FIRST:
Coaches need to understand key factors that are being "rate limiters"

RATE LIMITERS: traditionally were used to discuss motor development setbacks
Holding players back from achieving higher levels of performance
MENTAL ABILITIES DEVELOP (pressure is lowered) - imagination & fun practicing over & over again
Constraints-led approach:
Coaching is an athlete-centered process
Coaches have hands-off role
Act as a facilitator
players improve their performance
Players can explore task constraints & find solutions that work for them
I.E. Bowler Machines
MENTALLY IMMERSE PLAYERS IN THE TASK
Interacting constraints in a game:
Managing Mental Skills
Coping with fatigue
Adapting to change
CONTROL
environment
NOT the player
VARIABILITY
COACHES
Human movement system can't repeat movements exactly!
Players
Need to be able to adapt
- Develop "range" of unique movement solutions
EXAMPLE:
Constraint: Fielders throwing underarm
Problem: Single runs = too easy
Change environment: Added single stump
IF SOMETHING DOESN'T WORK, REVISE IT!
PROBLEM!
Improved
Coach=mentor
Athlete has responsibility
Athlete has boost confidence
Intrinsically Motivated
Games Approach (TGfU):
Highly motivating
Train
SMARTER

NOT

HARDER

Coach-Athlete Relationship:
Decision-making skills are limited to competition when practices focus on technical skills
Full transcript