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Constraints-led Approach to Talent Devlopment
Transcript of Constraints-led Approach to Talent Devlopment
Figure out weaknesses and strengths of players
Manipulate constraints to facilitate the 'removal' of factors acting as rate limiters
Shape a players self-organizing movement patterns, thoughts, and decision-making processes
Group, P. E. (2013). A Look at Non-Linear
Pedagogy. Singapore: National Institute of Education.
Renshaw, I., & Chappell, G. (2010). A contraints-led
approach to development in cricket. Athlete-Centered Coaching: Developing Decision Makers. Worcester: IPC Print Resources.
Performer, Team, Event
- Open: sensitive to change in their surroundings
- Dynamic: complex; made up of many interacting parts
- Adopts many different states of organization
Backyard Games (example: Cricket)
- Provides foundation upon which expertise can develop
- Imagination is important (MIND-GYM)
-Playing in backyards (for fun)
Without extra pressure children can learn and develop life long love for the game (intrinsic motivation)
- Provides holistic development of physical, technical, tactical & mental skills
Teaching Games for Understanding
A Constraints-led Approach to Talent Development in Cricket (CHAPTER 8)
Pedagogy: act of teaching
- encourages player to explore and discover the best movement solutions for himself or herself;
- it caters for learning differences of the individual
AKA: Game sense or Practice Play
Inconclusive if game-based is superior to traditional technical-based approach
Coaches are increasingly adopting it...
MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS & GREATER ENJOYMENT!!!
Players have performance solving potential:
This goes against the coaches who believe there is one optimal movement solution
Deliberately manipulate surroundings:
Easier for athletes to adapt in actual game situations
Coaches need to understand key factors that are being "rate limiters"
RATE LIMITERS: traditionally were used to discuss motor development setbacks
Holding players back from achieving higher levels of performance
MENTAL ABILITIES DEVELOP (pressure is lowered) - imagination & fun practicing over & over again
Coaching is an athlete-centered process
Coaches have hands-off role
Act as a facilitator
players improve their performance
Players can explore task constraints & find solutions that work for them
I.E. Bowler Machines
MENTALLY IMMERSE PLAYERS IN THE TASK
Interacting constraints in a game:
Managing Mental Skills
Coping with fatigue
Adapting to change
NOT the player
Human movement system can't repeat movements exactly!
Need to be able to adapt
- Develop "range" of unique movement solutions
Constraint: Fielders throwing underarm
Problem: Single runs = too easy
Change environment: Added single stump
IF SOMETHING DOESN'T WORK, REVISE IT!
Athlete has responsibility
Athlete has boost confidence
Games Approach (TGfU):
Decision-making skills are limited to competition when practices focus on technical skills