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North American Porcupines

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Lauren Wong

on 15 September 2013

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Transcript of North American Porcupines

North American Porcupines
Kingdom: Animalia (animal)

-quills with microstructured barbs for defence (variation from other species)

Interspecific and Intraspecific Competition for:
-good dens
Species Niche
-prey to mountain lions, bobcats, and wolverines
-wood ticks living in the same community (biotic)
Phylum: Chordata (vertebrate)

Class: Mammalia (mammal)

Order: Rodentia (gnawing)

Family: Erethizontidae (arboreal)
Genus: Erethizon (genus of arboreal)

Species: Dorsatum (North American Porcupine)
Significance within its community and ecosystem (abiotic and biotic)
-many diet options help reduce intraspecific competition

-resource partitioning during the winter

-long claws for climbing and grasping food

-able to live in a variety of habitats, mostly alpine
-high quality foliage in the winter
-climb trees to get their food
-protected in tree from predators
-put stresses on plant species (trees) (biotic)
-help get nuts for squirrels and deer (biotic)
-create niches for other organisms by opening tree canopies (biotic)
-dependent on deer and rabbit population (biotic)
-temperature (abiotic)
Picture: Porcupine releasing a quill to defend itself against the leopard
Picture: North American Porcupine den
Picture: Porcupine high up in a tree for food, and to be safe from predators.
-Animal Facts- porcupine. (n.d.). Retrieved September 11, 2013, from Canadian Geographic website: http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/kids/animal-facts/porcupine.asp

-Grant, K. (n.d.). NUTRITION OF THE NORTH AMERICAN PORCUPINE [report]. Retrieved from http://www.glenoakzoo.org/RodentTAG/rodentPDFs/PorcupineNutritionStandards.pdf

-Linzey, A. V. (2008). Erethizon dorsatum. Retrieved September 11, 2013, from Red List of Threatened Species website: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/8004/0

-Locke, S. A. (n.d.). Home Range and Den Activity of the North American Porcupine [report]. Retrieved from https://dspace.lasrworks.org/bitstream/handle/10349/945/locke_thesis_2009.pdf?sequence=1

-North American Porcupine. (2009, December 15). Retrieved September 11, 2013, from Virtual Wildlife website: http://www.lcvirtualwildlife.ca/index.php?Itemid=84&id=64&layout=blog&option=com_content&view=category

-North American porcupine. (n.d.). Retrieved September 11, 2013, from Wikimedia Foundation Inc. website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_American_porcupine

-North American Porcupine-Erethizon dorsatum. (n.d.). Retrieved September 11, 2013, from NatureWorks website: http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/porcupine.htm

-Weber, C. 2004. "Erethizon dorsatum" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed September 14, 2013 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Erethizon_dorsatum/

Citation: Jones, Sam. Leopard suffering from porcupine quills. 2013. Hungry Leopark trying to eat porcupine. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://www.capitalbay.com/latest-news/314083-he-ll-be-feeling-prickly-after-this-hungry-leopard-gets-in-a-spot-of-bother-trying-to-eat-a-porcupine.html>.
Citation: Engels, Harry. North American Porcupine. North American Porcupine. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/porcupine.htm>.
Citation: U.S. Fish and Wildlife. North American Porcupine. North American Porcupine. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://www.nhptv.org/wild/porcupine.asp>.
Citation: Leckie, Seabrooke. Tracking the porcupine. 2010. Signs of porcupine. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <http://seabrookeleckie.com/tag/porcupine/>.
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