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Cell Structure Compared to a Mall

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Rose Amiri

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Cell Structure Compared to a Mall

Mall Analogy
Animal Cell
Functions of Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Cellular Function: The cytoplasm is a gel-like liquid residing between the cell membrane holding organelles. Does not include the nucleus.
Real Life Function: Chromosomes work with other nucleic acids in the cell to build proteins and help in cell division.
Rose Amiri & Perri Vimadalal
Real Life Function: The cell’s outer membrane is made up of a two layers of phospholipids with embedded proteins. It separates the contents of the cell from its outside environment, and it regulates what enters and exits the cell. In animals the plasma membrane is the outermost covering of the cell whereas in plants, fungi, and some bacteria it is located beneath the cell wall.
Function In a Mall: The Plasma Membrane acts like the security guards because security guards protect from anything unwanted and destructive from going into the mall exactly like the Cell Membrane.
Function in the Mall: Cytoplasm in a cell is compared to the floors in the mall. The floors are the base of all stores, making up the majority of the mall, just like the cytoplasm in a cell.
Function In a Mall: The Chromatin/Chromosomes are the blueprints of the mall because it provides the structure and system from which the mall is built from. It also acts like DNA in a cell which is similar to the blueprints because the prints are what the mall is built from.
Cellular Function: Centrioles are cylindrical structures made up of groups of microtubules. They are found in animal cells and take part in cell division. They also help organize the other microtubules during cell division.
Real Life Function: The function of the nucleus is to maintain the integrity of these genes and to control the activities of the cell by regulating gene expression. The nucleus is, therefore, the control center of the cell.
Function in a Mall: Centrioles act like the walls in between stores. The walls divide every store, which connects to Centrioles because they take part in cell division.
Function In a Mall: The mall manager acts like the nucleus because he/she is the one that gives out orders and tell others what to do.
Cellular Function: A nucleolus is a specialized structure in the nucleus, that is formed from various chromosomes and is active in the synthesis of ribosomes.
Real Life Function: In addition to providing support for the cell, the cytoskeleton is also involved in cellular motility and in moving vesicles within a cell.
Function in a Mall: The Nucleolus is like the managers computer because the computer sends out memos and emails which tells the workers (or ribosomes) what they need to do.
Cellular Function: The primary function of Ribosomes is to read and translate the cell's genetic code , then reproduce (replicate) the proteins that the code represents.
Function In a Mall: The elevators in a mall are like the cytoskeleton because they provide support for the mall and transports people from place to place.
Real Life Functions: Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system that takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy for the cell. The process of creating cell energy is known as cellular respiration.
Function In a Mall: The mitochandria is like the food court of a mall. Like the mitochandria the food court provides food which becomes energy for the people.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function In Real Life: Rough ER are very important in the synthesis and packaging of proteins. Some of those proteins might be used in the cell and some are sent out. The ribosomes are attached to the membrane of the ER.
Function in a Mall: In a mall the ribosomes best match up to the emails and memos sent to the employees and they do what the task asks. This is like ribosomes because they read and translate cell's genetic code.
Golgi Body
Function in the Cell: The Golgi apparatus is often considered the distribution and shipping department for the cell's chemical products.
Function in the Mall: In the mall the Golgi Body is compared to the Delivery Men who pack and transport products to stores in the mall. This is the exact role the Golgi Apparatus in an animal cell.
Smooth E.R.
Function in a Cell: The Smooth ER is responsible for making Lipids and breaking down toxic chemicals from all parts of the cell. The products are then transported to the Golgi Apparatus.
Function in a Mall: The escalators help transport people (packages) from the lower level to the higher level (Golgi body). This acts like the ER in an animal cell.
Small Vacuoles
Function in a Cell: Vacuoles in animal cells store food, water, waste, and minerals like plant cells. The only difference is that plant cells have larger vacuoles than animal cells.
Function in the Mall: The Storage Rooms in a mall store products just like vacuoles in both plant and animal cells.
Function in a Cell: It generally breaks down fatty acid molecules and takes the hydrogen peroxide (from breaking down the acids) and uses it to then convert to water for the cell.
Function in a Mall: The Peroxisome in an Animal Cell compares to the bathrooms in a mall because they break down waste and absorb sewage.
Function In a Mall: The rough endoplasmic reticulum is like the halls in a mall. This is because the halls in a mall help transport people to places and in a cell the RER helps to transport proteins to other parts of the cell.
Function In Real Life: Since lysosomes are little digestion machines, they go to work when the cell absorbs or eats some food.
Function In a Mall: Lysosomes are like the trash cans at the mall. Like lysosomes, trash cans get rid of all the waste in the mall.
Function In Real Life: A flagellum is a tail-like projection that protrudes from the cell body of certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and functions in locomotion.
Function In a Mall: Flagellum is like the radios the security guards have at the mall. This is because the radios connect the guards in a way that doesn't effect anyone else.
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