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IH Topical Presentation
Transcript of IH Topical Presentation
what is aids how it is transmitted acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through contact with contamined body fluids (blood, semen, etc) the aids situation while the region holds 11% of the world's population, it also contains 64% of the world's HIV-infected population.
HIV prevalence in adult has declined from 5.8% in 2001 to 5.2% in 2008
the challenges pharmaceutical companies pose to the situation pharmaceutical companies put profit before corporate responsibility
punitive trade and patent rules
instigating pointless lawsuits
high cost of anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs)
profit before corporate responsibility In July 2000, the Export-Inport bank in the USA offered a loan of 1 billion dollars a year for five years to the Sub Saharan region. The offer was turned down due to increasing debt and dependency on international aid in the region. Pharmaceutical companies would benefit greatly because of subsidies. punitive trade and patent rules Prevent South Africa from manufacturing its own cheap
generic drugs and forcing those sick with AIDS to either
buy expensive drugs which they cannot afford or
abandon any hope of treatment and wait to die
Many HIV-positive people thrown out by their families as
their families cannot afford expensive drugs for them.
Many large pharmaceutical companies even charged
South Africa for violating their patents even though they
were doing so to save their people high cost of drugs Cost of drugs to treat AIDs per person: USD $12,000 to $15,000 for a yearly supply
Average annual income of families in Sub-Saharan Africa: $300 to $400
Anti-retroviral drugs (A.R.V.s) are still way too expensive
Medicines that are deliberately and fraudulently mislabelled with respect to identity and/or source.
Use of counterfeit medicines can result in treatment failure or even death.
Counterfeit medicines may include products with the correct ingredients or with the wrong ingredients, without active ingredients, with insufficient or too much active ingredient, or with fake packaging.
what constitutes management of AIDS? curbing the spread of AIDS
providing accessible healthcare to all citizens to reduce severity of suffering in AIDS victims counterfeit medicines
and the problems they pose by jingyi, tessa, sherah and huiran
413 1. Death
People killed by the counterfeit drugs
Wrong labels- allergic reactions to unknown ingredients
No active ingredient- disease is not treated
Wrong/impure ingredients- toxic to patient
2. Increased drug resistance
These counterfeit drugs have incorrect expiry date, incorrect quantities of ingredients- increased risk of drug resistance
Eventual treatment of AIDs/HIV with the right medication will not work
4. Slowed management and control of spread of AIDs/HIV
Origin of these drugs is hard to track- drugs are often hidden in cargoes sent on roundabout journeys to prevent the source from being discovered
Methods used to mimic products are extremely flexible too, making detection difficult
Hence distribution of resources to track down the origins of these drugs means less efficiency
3. Loss of confidence in public structures and medications
Eroded trust in businesses, vendors due to the damage done to the people’s health
Effectiveness of schemes put in place and new & improved drugs is decreased as people are less willing to cooperate with/trust the government
what are counterfeit medicines? consequences of counterfeit medicine consequences of counterfeit medicine consequences of counterfeit medicine consequences of counterfeit medicine case study
on counterfeit medicine:
One man was recently arrested for marketing a supposed "herbal concoction, the drugs contain three allopathic medicines, namely streptomycin, gentamicin and sulphathiozole.
These are antibacterial agents for the treatment of various infections including tuberculosis.
Not only was he falsely marketing the drugs, but his production facility at Lashibi is unlicensed for such an activity and completely unsanitary for the production of drugs.
He has been charged under Section 18 of the Ghanaian Food and Drugs Law.
conclusion The main reason as to why people turn to the counterfeit economy is simply because of poverty. If Sub-Saharan Africa can find a way to lift itself out of poverty, one of the issues that the pharmaceutical companies pose (access to treatment) can be settled.
However, the main problem is still controlling the spread of AIDS in the region. It remains to be seen if the countries in the area are capable of garnering enough resources to effectively enforce laws to counter not only the spread of AIDS, but also counter the problems posed by the solutions to AIDS.