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Lebanese Civil War

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by

Joshua Wassermann

on 7 January 2014

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Transcript of Lebanese Civil War

Lebanese Republic
Capital: Beirut
Language: Arabic
Religions: Islam and Christianity
Population: 4.3 Million
Lebanese Civil War
Beginning Of The War
Believed that in 1975 the killing of 27 Palestinian citizens on a bus in Ayn-al-Rummanah and guerrillas attacking a church began the war.
Statistics

Lasted from 1975-1990
70,000-80,000 are still displaced today
Over 100,000 killed and more injured

Groups Involved
Maronite Christians
Shiite Muslims
Druze Muslims
Palestine Liberation Organization
Israeli Army
Syrian Army
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14647311
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/lebanon_pol_2000.jpg
http://theculturetrip.com/middle-east/lebanon/articles/the-lebanese-civil-war-in-literature/
https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&ei=T9qwUv_rCqawsQT4kYCIDw&ved=0CAQQqi4oAg
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14649284
Two Religions
Two Sides

Christians
Phalangists
Muslims
Palestinians


https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&ei=T9qwUv_rCqawsQT4kYCIDw&ved=0CAQQqi4oAg
https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&ei=T9qwUv_rCqawsQT4kYCIDw&ved=0CAQQqi4oAg
Syria's Efforts
Syria gets involved by sending troops into Lebanon to restore peace. The invasion was an attempt to claim Lebanon by taking advantage of the military weaknesses.
War Progression
Other Middle East countries join Syria but, this is short-lived.
Palestinians countinue to attack Israeli communities which lead to 25,000 Isreali's to attempt to wipe out the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization). This operation fails.
http://middleeast.about.com/od/lebanon/a/me081026e.htm
Further Actions
The UN Security Council calls on Israel to withdraw from South Lebanon. This is still evident today. Israel withdraws mostly.
Syria attacks Lebanon's Christians the worst fighting in two years.
Civilian Lives
Israel invades Lebanon once again claiming 18,000 Lebanese civilian lives.
US, French, and Italian armies come to assist the evacuation of the PLO.
Government
Lebanese President-Elect Bashir Gemayel is assassinated at his headquarters.
Amin Gemayel, brother of Bashir, takes office as Lebanon’s president.
The American Embassy in Beirut is attacked by suicide bomb, killing 63. By then the United States is actively engaged in Lebanon’s civil war on the side of the Gemayel government.
US withdraws in 1941.
War Ends
Syrian air force attacks Presidential Palace at Baabda and Aoun flees. This formally ends civil war.
The Israeli army finishes withdrawing out of most of Lebanon, but keeps an occupation zone along the Lebanon-Israeli border and calls it its “security zone.” The zone is patrolled by the South Lebanon Army and Israeli soldiers.
Bibliography
https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&ei=T9qwUv_rCqawsQT4kYCIDw&ved=0CAQQqi4oAg
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-14647311
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/lebanon_pol_2000.jpg
http://theculturetrip.com/middle-east/lebanon/articles/the-lebanese-civil-war-in-literature/
http://middleeast.about.com/od/lebanon/a/me081026e.htm
Israeli Withdrawal
Full transcript