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Ancient Roman Architecture!
Transcript of Ancient Roman Architecture!
Architecture The use of vaults and arches, along with a
sound knowledge of building materials,
enabled the Romans to achieve success
in the construction of structures. The arch consisted of two supports, called piers, each topped by a platform. Arches allowed the Romans to create wider, taller, and lighter structures. The Vault was a continuation of an arch. There were two types: tunnel and groin.
The tunnel vault was a continuation of one arch. The groin vault was where two tunnels meet. Domes developed from refined tunnels. The Romans built aqueducts to bring water into the towns from the rivers. The water ran through terra-cota pipes into the city. Aqueducts were multi-tiered and made of concrete. Roman architects made many advances with public hygiene. They made public baths for people and public and private restrooms. They came up with under floor heating and indoor piping. In the large towns in the Roman empire they developed apartment buildings. They were built with concrete and sometimes wood too. Thank you for watching our
Goodbye!:) Groin Vault Tunnel Vault Roman concrete was made by mixing water, lime, and special volcanic ash sand. The Romans would first build a form and pour in alternating layers of rocks, bricks, or gravel. As each layer was poured in Roman workers would pound the layers firmly together with a tool called a tamp.