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A Brief History of Architecture
Transcript of A Brief History of Architecture
High arched ceilings. The closer to Heaven, the better.
Flying buttresses, which are (often elaborately decorated) exterior support beams
and Rose windows. Rose windows feature stained glass narratives, often of the Virgin Mary. St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague, Czech Republic Prague Castle, Prague, Czech Republic Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France Architecture throughout history has demonstrated the practical side to popular art styles. Frequently, new architecture styles have been influenced by conquered civilizations. Buildings are designed for specific purposes, and climates. i.e. buildings in areas which receive large amounts of rain or snow will have steep roofs, to prevent damage from the elements. British Colonial, India Bisbee, AZ Roman Revival Italian Victorian Spanish Mission British Colonial, Malaysia A revolutionary change came in 1899, when the Carson Pirie Scott Building went up in Chicago. This building, designed by Louis Sullican is considered to be the first skyscraper. It was built to 9 stories, using a support structure of steel beams and girders. Previously, buildings were limited by the structural strength of wood. This innovation quickly spread across the nation. Also working towards the early 20th century was a young architect named Frank Lloyd Wright. His use of natural materials that fit into the environment was considered revolutionary. One technique he used was cantilever, which is to counterbalance unsupported beams to give his buildings large open areas. He also did the interior decorating and planning for his buildings. He was most active in the 1930-50s. Working in Europe at the same time as Wright, was Le Corbusier and the architects of the Bauhaus movement. Affordable, utilitarian housing was a modern concept; their designs for modern living exercised the rule of that form follows function. Architects have returned to the Renaissance view of creating buildings as pieces of art while keeping them functional and comfortable. This combining of new materials with old design techniques is known as post-modern. However, not all modern design is "good" design. To be well designed in the post-modern style, a building must be both aesthetically pleasing, as well as functional, and practical. If a design aesthetic is forced on a building, it may result in a significant lack of practicality. Here are some examples of the Eve of Destruction project. Notice that all of the buildings and structures are commonly known, and easy to recognize. The Golden Gate Bridge The White House Big Ben Requirements: Must be an easily recognizable or iconic structure.
Use a ruler and compass to plan your building before drawing in the destructed features.
Coloring medium is open.
Finish lines with pen&ink.