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Literature Review

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on 11 September 2014

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Transcript of Literature Review

Discussion Question:
How was your experience writing your first literature review?
Selecting Topic of Interest
Is the topic worth studying?
the topic you want to explore.
if topic is practical or useful to conduct study on.
topic in a few words or in a short phrase.
Topic becomes central idea to learn about or to explore.
Cresswell 2014: 25
The Research Topic
Drafting a topic:
EX: My study is about.....

Actual Topic of Study:
Frame answer to question

Should be brief and avoid wasting words

Eliminate unnecessary words. Ex: A Study of or An Approach to.....

Use a single title or a double title. An example of a double title
is "An Ethnography: Understanding a Child's Perception of War."

No longer than 12 words (eliminate most articles and prepositions)

Most importantly, topic must include the focus or topic of study.
Cresswell 2014: 26
The Literature Review
After the researcher has identified topic of interest, the research must search for related literature on the topic.
The literature review provides framework for establishing importance of study and Benchmark for comparing results.

Ask adviser or faculty member how they like literature addressed in research or proposal.

Brief and provide summary of major studies on research problem.

Outline potential topics and potential references
Creswell 2014: 28
Steps in Conducting a Literature Review
Begin with identifying key words

With key words, start your search for journals and books, etc. to related topic.

Try to locate about 50 reports of research in articles or books of topic.

Skim through article or chaps and duplicate those related to topic.

After identifying useful literature, design a literature map (Creswell 2014: 39).

After literature map, begin to draft summaries of relevant articles.

After summarizing the literature, assemble the literature review, structuring it thematically or organizing it by important concepts.
Creswell 2014: 32

Literature Review
J. Creswell
Quantative vs. Qualitative Lit. Review
Quantative Research:
Abbreviated form are found in
dissertation or master thesis
Under section "Related Literature"
Follows introduction of Study

Qualtitative Research:
Found in seperate section
Included in introduction
Sometimes threaded throughout the study
More information about this on page 29-31 (Creswell)
Creswell 2014: 28
Final Tips on Research Topics
When selecting a topic, researchers must reflect on whether or not topic can and should be researched.

Will researchers be able to get willing participants would will contribute to the study?

Will research topic contribute to existing researches?

Spend time in the library researching existing research on library database.

The research topic should relate to to researcher's goals such as enhancing career goals, obtaining future position, or advancing toward a career.

Before proceeding with proposal or study, seek reactions from colleaues, academic advisors, and faculty committee members.
Cresswell 2014: 26
Four Types of Literature Review

Cooper (2010)
A) Integrgate what others have done and said

B) Criticize Previous scholarly works

C) Build bridges between related topics

D) Identify the central issues in a field.
Creswell 2014: 28
Discussion Question #2

What were some of the most important tips provided about selecting a research topic?
Abstracting Studies
Abstract is a brief review of literature that summarizes major elements to enable a reader to understand the basic features of the article.

A good summary might include:

Mention the problem being addressed

State the central purpose or focus of study

Briefly state information about the sample, population, or subsets.

Review key results that relate to the purposed study.
Creswell 2014: 38
Five Components of a Literature Review
A) Introduction
B) Topic 1 (about the independent variable)
C) Topic 2 (about the dependent variable)
D) Topic 3 (studies that address both IV and DV)
E) Summary

Using this model focuses the literature review, relates it closely to the variables in the research questions and hypotheses, and sufficiently narrows the study.

See page 47 for detailed information....

Creswell 2014: 47
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