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Transcript of CONDITIONALS
_ If you buy on-line,
_ If you do that first, you
_ If you go to the party,
with your sister
< IF + Present , Present / CAN >
_ If it had rained, you
_ If she had gone, she
_ If we had studied, we
had a better result.
_ If I'd known you were coming, I
baked a cake.
< IF + PAST PERFECT , PERFECT CONDITIONAL >
_ If I won the lottery, I
travel around the world.
_ If I were president, I
raise the minimum wage.
_ If we lived in Japan, we
have sushi everyday.
_ If they sang better, they
be singing there.
< IF + PAST , WOULD >
_ If it rains, I
stay at home.
_ If I see Mary, I
_ If you give me some money, I
pay you back tomorrow.
_ If Michelle comes, she
want to drive.
_ If that person is there, I
< IF + Present , WILL >
We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen.
If we take John, he'll be really pleased.
If you give me some money, I'll pay you back tomorrow.
If they tell us they want it, we'll have to give it to them.
If Mary comes, she'll want to drive.
The 'if' clause can be used with different present forms.
If I go to New York again, I'll buy you a souvenir from the Empire State Building.
If he's feeling better, he'll come.
If she hasn't heard the bad news yet, I'll tell her.
The Second Conditional is used to talk about 'impossible' situations.
If we were in London today, we would be able to go to the concert in Hyde Park.
If I had millions dollars, I'd give a lot to charity.
If there were no hungry people in this world, it would be a much better place.
If everyone had clean water to drink, there would be a lot less disease.
Note that after I / he/ she /it we often use the subjunctive form 'were' and not 'was'.
(Some people think that 'were' is the only 'correct' form but other people think 'was' is equally 'correct' .)
If she were happy in her job, she wouldn't be looking for another one.
If I lived in Japan, I'd have sushi every day.
If they were to enter our market, we'd have big problems.
Note the form 'If I were you' which is often used to give advice.
If I were you, I'd look for a new place to live.
If I were you, I'd go back to school and get more qualifications.)
We can use the Third Conditional to talk about 'impossible' conditions, impossible because they are in the past and we cannot change what has happened.
If I had worked harder at school, I would have got better grades.
If I had had time, I would have gone to see him. But I didn't have time.
If we had bought that house, we would have had to rebuild the kitchen.
If we had caught the earlier train, we would have got there on time but we were late.
Notice that the main clause can contain 'would', 'could' or 'might.
If I had seen him at the meeting, I would have asked him. (But he wasn't there so I didn't.)
If I had seen him at the meeting, I could have asked him. ( But he wasn't there so it wasn't possible.)
If I had seen him at the meeting, I might have asked him. (But I'm not sure. Perhaps if the opportunity had arisen.)
If I had paid more attention in class, I would have understood the lesson.
Also notice that sometimes the 'if clause' is implied rather than spoken.
I'd have done it. ("if you had asked me but you didn't.")
I wouldn't have said that. ("if I'd been there.")
He wouldn't have let him get away with that. ("if he had tried that with me.")
Conditional 0 (Zero)
This conditional is used when the result will always happen.
So, if water reaches 100 degrees, it always boils. It's a fact. I'm talking in general, not about one particular situation. The result of the 'if clause' is always the main clause.
The 'if' in this conditional can usually be replaced by '
' without changing the meaning.
If water reaches 100 degrees, it boils.
(It is always true, there can't be a different result sometimes).
If I drink milk, I get sick.
(This is true only for me, maybe, not for everyone, but it's still true that I get sick every time I drink milk)
_If people eat too much, they get fat.
_If you touch a fire, you get burned.
_People die if they don't eat.
_You get water if you mix hydrogen and oxygen.
_If babies are hungry, they cry
< IF + HAD , WOULD + HAVE + P. PARTICIPLE>
(FACTS / TRUTHS)
( VERY PROBABLE RESULTS )
( UNREAL SITUATIONS )
( Hypothetical/ Regret in the past )
The "future clause" can also contain other modal verbs such as 'can' and 'must'.
If you go to New York, you must have the cake in Lindy's.
If he comes, you can get a lift home with him.
The Second Conditional is also used to talk about 'unlikely' situations.
If I went to China, I'd visit the Great Wall.
If I was the President, I'd reduce taxes.
If you were in my position, you'd understand.
Note that the choice between the first and the second conditional is often a question of the speaker's attitude rather than of facts. Compare these examples. Otto thinks these things are possible, Peter doesn't.
Otto – If I win the lottery, I'll buy a big house.
Peter – If I won the lottery, I'd buy a big house.
Otto – If I get promoted, I'll throw a big party.
Peter – If I got promoted, I'd throw a big party.
Otto – If my team win the Cup, I'll buy champagne for everybody.
Peter – If my team won the Cup, I'd buy champagne for everybody.
Note that the 'If clause' can contain the past simple or the past continuous.
If I was still working in Brighton, I would commute by train.
If she were coming, she would be here by now.
If they were thinking of selling, I would want to buy.
Note that the main clause can contain 'would' 'could' or 'might.
If I had the chance to do it again, I would do it differently.
If we met up for lunch, we could go to that new restaurant.
If I spoke to him directly, I might be able to persuade him.
SONGs using this Conditional
SONGS with this Conditional
The "future clause" can contain 'going to' or the future perfect as well as 'will'.
If I see him, I'm going to tell him exactly how angry I am.
If we don't get the contract, we'll have wasted a lot of time and money.
If you study hard,
you will get it
If I had studied,
I would have known this!
you click on them,
you'll see them
Conditional 0 (Zero)
If you want to practice, click on the link.