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Transcript of Judaism
total population: 1,619,314,000
Judaism began around 2000 BCE in the area of the Middle East with the original Hebrews.
Origins of Judaism
Shifting Positions of Judaism
origin of judaism
This is the Jewish population, as it is spread around the world
Notice the US and Israel
This is a map distorted for Jewish population
History and branches of the tradition
Judaism has moved over many areas of the planet, this is called a diaspora.
On the average, the Jewish population has been steadily increasing.
Judaism actually ranks ninth by world religions
Presented by Leah Abrams, MarcAndrew Laurenvil, Maley Wagner, and Ted Bilden
Current Jewish population
These are the branches of Judaism
Art in Judaism
This is the Great Jerusalem Synagogue in Jerusalem, Israel.
Mosaic floors are often found in synagogues. They can symbolize many different thing by what is displayed on the ground. Mosaic floors go back to some of the first synagogues.
Finials are a very decorative way to hold Torah Scrolls. These are a set of 18th century Finials.
Ark of the Covenant
The Ark of the Covenant was one of the first forms of art and it was used to carry around the Tablets of the Law.
This is an artists interpretation of the Arc of the Covenant
The Tabernacle was one of the first form of architecture in the Jewish world. It was a tent like structure that was used for a temporary home for the Arc of the Covenant and a portable place of worship
This is a drawing of a tabernacle with the Arc in front of it
This is a Jewish symbol that is important to many people of the Jewish faith because it symbolizes life.
This is a Jewish good luck charm that many people wear. This is a hand with an eye inside, which symbolizes God watching over them.
Magen of David
Also known as the Star of David it is one of the most well know Jewish symbols. This six-pointed star was supposed to depict King Davids shield.
Synagogues are one of the most important architectural structures in Judaism.
The History of Judaism
The Founding of Judaism
God speaks to Abram, telling him to leave his home.
Abram and his wife travel to the land of Canaan.
A covenant is established between God and Abram.
According to this covenant, Abram and his descendants must:
1. Believe in one God, not many
2. Males must be circumcised
Abram becomes Abraham, and his descendants and followers become Jews.
In Judaism you are not allowed to worship idols or statues. If you do you are considered to be going against god.
Born "Abram" in about 1800 BCE in the Mesopotamian city of Ur.
According to the Torah, was always skeptical of idol worship.
Migrates into "The Land of Israel"
Often called "The Father of Monotheism"
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all stem from Abraham.
The major depression in the Jewish population occurred around 1935, which makes sense because that is when the holocaust occurred.
The major idea of conservative Judaism is that the Torah came from god but it also had a human influence, and the commandments must be followed but must also adapt over time
There is a sixth branch to Judaism called Humanistic Judaism, it has an extremely small population, and it is based on a moral system, but no belief in a God.
Secular Judaism is the most common type of Judaism, over half of all Jews identify themselves as secular Jews,
Secular Judaism is the most common type of Judaism, in fact, more than half of all Jews identify themselves as Secular Jews.
The main belief of Reform Judaism is that the Torah was written by humans only, not by god, but there is a god, and they do not follow standard jewish law, but they do have the ethics and morals of Orthodox Judaism
Orthodox Judaism is the strictest branch of Judaism, the main belief of Orthodox Judaism is that God gave Moses the whole Torah, He dictated it to him, and that the 613 commandments in the Torah are binding
Reconstructionist is one of the more loose and non-restrictive forms of Judaism, the main belief is that the commandments are not binding, they are only kept because they are important to culture.
Jews are slaves in Egypt
Mt. Sinai: Covenant is renewed
Torah, Ten Commandments (613 commandments overall)
Moses leads his people back to Israel
900 BCE: Philistines are in power
David and Goliath
David becomes king of small kingdom of Israel
Conquers other parts of Israel; including Jerusalem
Israelites receive the Torah and commandments.
Small kingdom of Israel begins.
Babylonians conquer Israel and exile the Jews.
Persia conquers Babylon, Jews return to the land of Israel.
Abraham becomes the first Jew.
Exodus from Egypt.
Judaism Over Time
Maccabes revolt against Greeks (story of Hannukah).
Romans destroy the 2nd temple in Jerusalem, the diaspora begins.
Time of the inquisitions in Europe.
First Jews come to America, Jews in some countries liberated from ghettos.
First reform movement begins in Germany.
Conservative movement founded in America.
State of Israel declared.
3 Impacts of Judaism on History
First truly monotheistic world religion, forever changing the concept of God.
Brought new principles of religion as a way of life/ moral guide.
First concept of a "covenant" with God.
A Quick Assessment
1. How many commandments are there in Judaism?
2. Who is the founder of Judaism?
3. Why is some art forbidden in Judaism?
4. What are the branches of Judaism?
5. What is considered the holiest day for Jews?
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Bazarsky, David. A Set of 18th Century Torah Finial Bells. 2012. Photograph. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Associated Press. Associated Press, 31 Dec. 2012. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.
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Jacobs, Louis. "Idolatry: The Ultimate Betrayal of God - My Jewish Learning." Idolatry: The Ultimate Betrayal of God - My Jewish Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013.
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"Judaism: The Star of David - Magen David." The Star of David. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2013. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.
Kriman, Roman. Jerusalem Great Synagogue. 2009. Photograph. Jerusalem. Jerusalem Shots. JerusalemShots. Web. 12 Sept. 2013.
Ross, Leslie. "Judaism." Art and Architecture of the World's Religions. Vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood/ABC-CLIO, 2009. 195-220. Print.
ART IN JUDAISM
Judaism was the first main monotheistic religion
Two other monothiestic religions spread out of Judaism- Christianity and Islam
The Torah is the Holy Book of Judaism
The Ten Commandments are the central ideas and laws of Judaism
Majority of Jews do not believe in an afterlife
The Torah somewhat eludes to an afterlife, but it is never explicitly mentioned
Some people of the Jewish faith believe in a similar concept of Christianity's Heaven and Hell.
Jewish Rituals and Celebrations
Also known as the Sabbath, it is a weekly resting period after six days of labor. According to the religion, this day is supposed to be work free. It begins before sundown on Friday night and lasts until sundown Saturday. A meal is eaten Saturday night that traditionally includes many songs. Services are held either Friday night or Saturday Morning.
It is the Jewish New Year, and it occurs in the fall in either September or October. It is also the anniversary of the first man and first woman, Adam and Eve. This festival lasts two day. Jews go to a prayer service during this time that includes more verses and prayers than a regular service. One custom on this day is to sound a hollowed out ram's horn, or a shofar.
This is the holiest day of the year for Jewish people. It is centered around the idea of repentance. This day is celebrated by 25 hours of fasting and intense prayer. The majority of the day takes place in services in the synagogue. It is regarded as the "Sabbath of Sabbaths," and is very important to the Jewish religion.
Chanukah takes place in December, and lasts 8 days and nights. This holiday commemorates the re-dedication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Typically Jewish kids receive one present a night during this time after one candle on a Menorah is lit. This holiday includes daily services at the synagogue, and also prayer times at home for Jewish families.
Pesach celebrates the freeing of the Jews by God and Moses from slavery in Egypt. This event was called the Exodus, and is written about in the Book of Exodus in the Torah. On the night of Passover Jewish families have a meal called the Seder. During this meal the Exodus story is retold, and the Jewish adults drink four coups of wine throughout the meal.
This holiday is known as the Feast of Weeks, and takes place in late May or early June. It is the anniversary of God giving the Torah to the Isrealites on top of Mount Sinai. Most Jews except for Yemenite mainly consume dairy on this day. There is also a special meal and prayer service during this day.
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BBC News. BBC, 25 Jan. 2005. Web. 11 Sept. 2013.
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Orthodox Jews live on a Kosher diet
Jewish people celebrate the Sabbath Friday night to Saturday Night
They live their lives based on the Ten Commandments
Jewish young adults have a barmitzvah or a batmitzvah when they turn thirteen. This is a coming of age for them.
Judaism Current Event Articles
This article provides insight on Judaism today because as science grows, religions can be questioned, and it can be hard for science and religion to co-exist. This article explains how Judaism can still survive in our ever scientific world.
This article provides insight on Judaism because the number of people who practice Judaism is declining. This article talks about a way that can help people become more involved in Judaism, and help stop the decline in the number of its followers.
"Maimonides' Code of Jewish Law." Maimonides' Code of Jewish Law. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2013. <http://maimonides.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/>.
"Judaism." Judaism. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2013. <http://www.abc.net.au/religion/stories/s796551.htm>.
"Jewish Customs." BBC News. BBC, 15 Sept. 2007. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.
"Jewish Beliefs." BBC News. BBC, 14 Sept. 2009. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.
and here is judaism
notice the relative size